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Sakunee Khankham, Leena Chularojanamontri, Chanisada Wongpraparut, Narumol Silpa-archa, Nuttaporn Janyong and Prin Vathesatogkit

Coronary artery disease (CAD) has become an important cause of death and comorbid disease among the general population. Several assessment tools have been developed to predict the 10-year risk of developing CAD and coronary death. The Framingham Risk Score (FRS), which was developed in 1998, is probably the most well-known [ 1 ]. The FRS is validated in the U.S. population and performs well when applied to other populations with a similarly high background risk of CAD. However, application of the FRS overestimated the risk of CAD in cohorts in Europe, Asia, and

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Chavalit Honglertsakul

incontinence in women. Urology. 2003; 62:16-23. 4. Lapitan MC, Chye PLH. Asian-Pacific Continence Advisory Board. The epidemiology of overactive bladder among females in Asia: a questionnaire survey. Int Urogynaecol J. 2001;12:226-231. 5. Alhasso AA, Mckinlay J, Patrick K, Stewart L. Anticholinergic drugs versus non-drug active therapies for overactive bladder syndrome in adult (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. 2009, Issue 1. 6. Lin YT, Chou EC. Assessment of overactive bladder (OAB) symptom scores. Incont

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H.K. Aggarwal, Deepak Jain, Rahul Chauda, Shailesh Bhatia and Rajnish Sehgal

, Wesson DE, Wolman SL, Stewart S, Whitewell J, et al. Nutritional assessment: a comparison of clinical judgement and objective measurements. N Engl J Med 1982; 306: 969–72. 8. Kalantar-Zadeh K, Kopple JD, Block G. A malnutrition inflammation score is correlated with morbidity and mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis 2001; 38: 1251–63. 9. Tonelli M, Sacks F, Pfeffer M, Jhangri GS, Curhan G: Biomarkers of inflammation and progression of chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int 2005; 68: 237–45. 10. Kopple JD: Nutritional status as a

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Zeynep Tartan, Hakan Ekmekci, zlem Balci Ekmekci, Huriye Balci, Hulya Kasikcioglu, Nihat Ozer, Aleks Degirmencioglu, Emre Akkaya, Ender Ozal and Nese Cam

GG. A more meaningful scoring system for determining the severity of coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 1983; 51:606. 12. Oishi Y, Wakatsuki T, Nishikado A, Oki T, Ito S. Circulating adhesion molecules and severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Coron Artery Dis. 2000; 11: 77-81. 13. Qin QP, Wittfooth S, Pettersson K. Measurement and clinical significance of circulating PAPP-A in ACS patients. Clin Chim Acta. 2007; 380:59-67. 14. Lund J, Qin QP, Ilva T, Nikus K, Eskola M, Porela P, et al. Pregnancy-associated plasma

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Bangon Pinkaew, Paraya Assanasen and Chaweewan Bunnag

blindfolded with a hygienic face mask to prevent visual detection of the substances. Participants were allowed to sniff each bottle only once to save time. Three bottles were then presented to each nostril in a fixed randomized order with a total of 16 trials. If participants answered correctly, bottles containing odorous or odorless substances in triplicate for each trial were used and one score was given. Smell discrimination scores of each nostril ranged from 0 to 16. Smell identification test The smell identification or odorant naming test (SIT) was conducted

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Natthaporn Tanpowpong and Teerasak Phewplung

. Botta F, Giannini E, Romagnoli P, Fasoli A, Malfatti F, Chiarbonello B, et al. MELD scoring system is useful for predicting prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis and is correlated with residual liver function: a European study. Gut. 2003; 52:134-9. 5. Kamath PS, Wiesner RH, Malinchoc M, Kremers W, Therneau TM, Kosberg CL, et al. A model to predict survival in patients with end-stage liver disease. Hepatology. 2001; 33:464-70. 6. Hamm B, Staks T, Muhler A, Bollow M, Taupitz M, Frenzel T, et al. Phase I clinical evaluation of Gd- EOB

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Valentina Risteska Nejashmikj, Snezana Stojkovska, Irena Kondova Topuzovska and Katarina Stavrikj

;1(3):239–246. 7. McIsaac WJ, Goel V, To T. Low DE. The validity of a sore throat score in family practice. CMAJ 2000;163:811–815. 8. Marjukka Makela Article ID: ebm00007 (038.020) EBM Guidelines, 27.04.2011, available at 9. Teng CL, Tong SF, Khoo EM, Lee V, Zailinawati AH, Mimi O, et al. Antibiotics for URTI and UTI—prescribing in Malaysian primary care settings. Aust Fam Physician 2011;40:325–9. 10. Teixeira Rodrigues A, Roque F, Falcão A, Figueiras A

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Sombat Treeprasertsuk, Panida Piyachaturawat, Tanassanee Soontornmanokul, Naruemon Wisedopas-Klaikaew, Piyawat Komolmit and Pisit Tangkijavanich

complications than those without liver fibrosis [ 7 ]. Liver biopsy is a criterion standard by which to diagnose the severity of liver fibrosis, but it has several limitations for clinical practice including the expense and the invasive nature of the procedure, which is associated with a number of complications [ 8 ]. Patients with NASH showed progression of fibrosis in about 5%-32% during a 4.3-to-6 year follow-up period [ 9 , 10 , 11 ]. Several simple noninvasive scoring systems for assessment of liver fibrosis have been proposed for use in general clinical practice

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Narongsak Nakwan, Jeerawan Wannaro and Pornpreenun Chaiwiriyawong

severity of illness of patients treated when suffering from various conditions [ 2 ]. The use of prognostic indicators is an essential quality criterion in the care of critically ill patients. Although birth weight, gestational age, and Apgar scores are the traditional general assessment tools for newborns [ 3 ], the relationship between these parameters and mortality is insufficiently precise for usefully reliable assessment of mortality risk. The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology, version II (SNAP-II) was recently simplified and revalidated for use in predicting

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ZF He, LC Zheng, DY Xie, SS Yu and J Zhao

pathogenicity scoring system for these mutations. Materials and Methods Blood Samples Since January 2015, a total of 200 lung cancer patients (45.0% females and 55.0% males, aged 45 to 55 years) were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University, Suzhou, People’s Republic of China (PRC). Moreover, 100 unrelated healthy controls, age- and gender-matched, were collected in the same area. Blood and experimental procedures were approved by the Ethics Committee of Soochow University, Suzhou, PRC. A signed informed consent was obtained from by all