Sakunee Khankham, Leena Chularojanamontri, Chanisada Wongpraparut, Narumol Silpa-archa, Nuttaporn Janyong and Prin Vathesatogkit
Coronary artery disease (CAD) has become an important cause of death and comorbid disease among the general population. Several assessment tools have been developed to predict the 10-year risk of developing CAD and coronary death. The Framingham Risk Score (FRS), which was developed in 1998, is probably the most well-known [ 1 ]. The FRS is validated in the U.S. population and performs well when applied to other populations with a similarly high background risk of CAD. However, application of the FRS overestimated the risk of CAD in cohorts in Europe, Asia, and
Boris Miha Kaučič, Bojana Filej and Marija Ovsenik
. Available at: https://internal.psychology.illinois.edu/~ediener/Documents/Scale%20of%20Positive%20and%20Negative%20Experience.pdf
33. Koistinen POI, Elo S, Ahlroth M, et al. OLDWELLACTIVE – A self-rated wellness profile for the assessment of wellbeing and wellness activity in older people. European Geriatric Medicine. 2013; 4(2): 82-85. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurger.2012.09.007 .
34. Rubin DB. Matched sampling for Causal Effects. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2006.
35. Rosenbaum PR, Rubin DB. The Central Role of the Propensity Score
incontinence in women. Urology. 2003; 62:16-23.
4. Lapitan MC, Chye PLH. Asian-Pacific Continence Advisory Board. The epidemiology of overactive bladder among females in Asia: a questionnaire survey. Int Urogynaecol J. 2001;12:226-231.
5. Alhasso AA, Mckinlay J, Patrick K, Stewart L. Anticholinergic drugs versus non-drug active therapies for overactive bladder syndrome in adult (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. 2009, Issue 1.
6. Lin YT, Chou EC. Assessment of overactive bladder (OAB) symptom scores. Incont
Zeynep Tartan, Hakan Ekmekci, zlem Balci Ekmekci, Huriye Balci, Hulya Kasikcioglu, Nihat Ozer, Aleks Degirmencioglu, Emre Akkaya, Ender Ozal and Nese Cam
GG. A more meaningful scoring system for determining the severity of coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 1983; 51:606.
12. Oishi Y, Wakatsuki T, Nishikado A, Oki T, Ito S. Circulating adhesion molecules and severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Coron Artery Dis. 2000; 11: 77-81.
13. Qin QP, Wittfooth S, Pettersson K. Measurement and clinical significance of circulating PAPP-A in ACS patients. Clin Chim Acta. 2007; 380:59-67.
14. Lund J, Qin QP, Ilva T, Nikus K, Eskola M, Porela P, et al. Pregnancy-associated plasma
Bangon Pinkaew, Paraya Assanasen and Chaweewan Bunnag
blindfolded with a hygienic face mask to prevent visual detection of the substances. Participants were allowed to sniff each bottle only once to save time. Three bottles were then presented to each nostril in a fixed randomized order with a total of 16 trials. If participants answered correctly, bottles containing odorous or odorless substances in triplicate for each trial were used and one score was given. Smell discrimination scores of each nostril ranged from 0 to 16.
Smell identification test
The smell identification or odorant naming test (SIT) was conducted
Xiao-Xi Liu, Wei-Hua Liu, Ma Ping, Cheng-Yao Li, Xiao-Ying Liu and Ping Song
in obstetrics, type of work, and so on.
CD-RISC includes 25 items, each with five items of the questionnaire for self-evaluation as follows: 0 is able to do so; 1 is divided into two occasionally do; in general can be divided into three parts; can be divided into 4; be complete, and the total score is 0–100. The higher the score, the higher the level of psychological toughness. CD-RISC has good reliability and validity, and its clonal Baja coefficient is 0.89. 10
2.3.3 Self-Rating Anxiety Scale 11
Based on the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety
effectiveness of the result. The Cronbach coefficient of this evaluation was 0.743, indicating that the internal consistency was good. The indicators were evaluated using the five-level scoring system (scores of 0–4), with total scores of 0–52. The dimension of study level had nine entries, with scores of 0–36; the dimension of result value had two entries, with scores of 0–8; and the dimension of result effectiveness had two entries, with scores of 0–8.
Distribution of the questionnaires
A total of 150 questionnaires were distributed by e-mail and on-site, and
Hui Xie, Pei-Wen Chen, Long Zhao, Xuan Sun and Xian-Jie Jia
caregivers were recruited from six communities in Bengbu, a medium-sized city in the Anhui Province of China. These adults met the following study criteria: age >60 years; normal cognitive ability, as indicated by a score of >27 on the Mini-Mental State Examination; ability to communicate; receiving care services consistent with the inclusion criteria for family caregivers; and provided informed consent. Family caregivers met the following inclusion criteria: age >18 years, have been providing care services to an older adult free of charge for not less than 5 hours per
.1 Protocol and registration
The research was conducted at the Integrated Community Health Center, Pandak I Bantul, Yogyakarta. The subjects were 66 older people with sleep disorder. The quality of sleep was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The PSQI questionnaire was modified by Herlina. 4 The PQSI modification had validity and reliability. The r score was 0.528–0.934, and Cronbach’s alpha score was 0.889. 7 The PSQI contains 15 questions with seven dimensions: subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, duration of sleep, sleep efficiency, sleep
diagnosis of the fourth diagnostic criteria by brain computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in stroke patients; the period of stable disease, with “restore” being the guiding principle of clinical research on new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine treatment for stroke in the recovery period, 15 days–6 months after the onset of stroke; clear consciousness; ability to use text or language communication; Barthel Index (BI) score >20; absence of swallowing dysfunction; and the ability to participate voluntarily. The exclusion criteria were the mental