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Study on The Industrial Cluster of Tropical Bananas Based on Gem Model

Abstract

In recent years, the development of agricultural industry clusters is rapid in China. As a main producing area of bananas, the Hainan Ledong Industrial Cluster’s competitiveness is of great significance to the development of the whole banana industry in China. This paper first analyzed the cultivation of tropical banana and the market share of bananas in each region, and then analyzed the competitiveness of Ledong banana industry cluster through the GEM (Groundings- Enterprises- Markets) model. The results showed that the GEM model score was 456 points, and the domestic cluster competitiveness exceeded the average level. The “factor pair” socre suggested that the scores of the structure, strategy and competition of the enterprise were low, which restricted the development of Ledong banana industry cluster.

Open access
Optimization of Fermentation Conditions for the Production of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitory Peptides from Cow Milk by Lactobacillus bulgaricus LB6

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to screen out the optimal -producing peptide conditions for cow milk fermented by Lactobacillus bulgaricus LB6. The effects of temperature, inoculation size, time and skim milk concentration on the ACE inhibition rate of fermented milk were investigated by single factor experiment, and the optimal fermentation conditions were determined by orthogonal experiment. The conditions of the single factor experiment were: Temperatures were 37° C, 39° C, 42° C, 44° C and 46° C. The inoculation amount was 1%, 3%, 5%, 7% and 9%, the time was 8h and 10h. At 12h, 14h and 16h, the concentration of skim milk was 8%, 10%, 12%, 14% and 16%, respectively. The results showed that the optimal fermentation conditions for ACE inhibitory peptide produced by Lactobacillus bulgaricus LB6 were 4% inoculation, 13h in time, 42°C in temperature and 13% in skim milk. Under this condition, the ACE inhibition rate reached 76.50% and the OD value was 0.330. The titration acidity was 116.4°T, the pH was 4.62, and the sensory evaluation was 75 scores.

Open access
Analysis of the Correlation Between the Freshness Indices of Pork and its Pork Exudate

Abstract

In recent years, as the Chinese consumption level increased, the consumption quantity of fresh pork had been increasing year by year. Freshness was an important index to judge the quality of pork. This study aimed to analyze freshness indices change of pork and pork exudate during storage. Thus the conclusion of this study was to characterize freshness change of pork by change law of freshness indices of pork exudate. So as to provide a reference for more convenient determination of the pork freshness. The results showed that the freshness indices of pork and their exudates change accordingly with the increase of storage time. On day 3, the pork seeped out more obvious juice. The turbidity of pork and its exudates increased gradually with the decrease of freshness, and sensory scores decreased gradually. The color changed from bright red to reddish brown and finally grey brown. The indicators of pork and their exudates (the total volatile basic nitrogen, the pH, a* and turbidity levels) were significantly correlated at the 0.01 level, the correlation coefficients were 0.9727, 0.9823, 0.9205, and 0.8765, respectively. Therefore, freshness indices of pork exudates can reflect the freshness of pork.

Open access