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Open access

Edgars Rožāns

Abstract

In our increasingly globalised economy, global competitiveness of countries and the means to measure it gain increasing significance. One of the ways to measure global competitiveness is by comparing an extent of the economic freedom that a country has, which also can, as surveys show, largely explain differences in living standards across the world. Seeing as how European economy is similar to most of the Western world capitalist economies in the sense that it has, for a number of reasons, very different economic policy traditions than many countries in other parts of the world, we may approach this topic from a European perspective; consequently, we can see that the main hypothesis of the work can be confirmed, and it is possible, for reasons based in economic or national image nature, to discern which is the freest of world economies by adopting the benchmarking practices of the continent. Nevertheless, the other hypothesis of the work does not fulfill itself, meaning that by adopting taxing policies of some of the wealthiest European Union economies it is not possible anymore to reach the result of the freest economy, both in the world and particularly Europe. Looking at the components and scores of the Index of Economic Freedom, it becomes apparent that the inclusion of government share components in its methodology is very controversial, similarly as the labour freedom component and even monetary freedom, albeit in lesser extent.

Open access

Dušan Munđar and Diana Šimić

References 1. Arabzad, A.C. (2014). Football Match Results Prediction Using Artificial eural Networks: The Case of Iran Pro League. International Journal of Applied Research on Industrial Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 159-179. 2. Constantinou, A.C., Fenton, N.E., Neil, M. (2012). pi-football: A Bayesian network model for forecasting Association Football match outcomes. Knowledge-Based Systems, 36, pp. 322-339. 3. Dixon, M.J., Coles, S.G. (1997). Modelling Association Football Scores and Inefficiencies in the

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Jaana Sepp, Marina Järvis and Karin Reinhold

Abstract

The humankind is ageing rapidly, and as a result, there is an increasing need for old people’s homes. The nursing homes face different problems in financing and recruiting the labour force and management. Lack of resources causes the situation, when managers have to find possibilities to accomplish services and to provide quality care with the limited funds. This situation has an additional impact on the nursing professionals, who have to deal with many psychosocial risk factors in their work. The aim of the paper is to explore the work-related psychosocial risk factors and their relationships with mental health problems (MHPs) amongst care workers. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken amongst the care workers in nine Estonian nursing homes. Psychosocial work factors and MHPs (stress, somatic symptoms, depressive symptoms, burnout, cognitive symptoms, and sleep disorders) were analysed using the second version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ II). Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s r correlation were used to analyse the data. The analysis was based on 340 care worker surveys. The highest mean scores for the studied work-related psychosocial factors were recorded for the quantitative demands, influence, rewards, role conflicts, trust, insecurity and work-family balance. Low mean scores were recorded for the meaning of work, role clarity, social relationships at work. The lowest score was followed by burnout and the highest - by cognitive symptoms.

Open access

Theognosia Tellidou, Chris Grose, Persefoni Polychronidou, Theodore Kargidis and Stergios Anatolitis

Abstract

The present paper focuses on the level of compliance and application of corporate governance from the corporations listed in the Athens Stock Exchange (A.S.E.) and attempts to highlight improvements from the adoption of best practices suggested by corporate governance recent trends worldwide. In order for the research to be conducted, a series of qualitative and quantitative variables were used, as derived from the financial statements of 162 public companies. A more extensive analysis regarding the level of compliance with corporate governance was conducted in 25 companies with the highest and 25 corporations with the lowest score, whose classification in these positions was the result of a rating system that was created for this purpose.

Open access

Ivan Huljak

Abstract

Foreign and larger banks in Croatia are generally considered to be more cost efficient compared with domestic and smaller banks. However, those views are often based on data from financial statements that can be misleading due to simultaneous consolidation process on the market and the existence of economies of scale. To contribute to the Croatian banking efficiency literature, we construct a panel of individual bank data for 1994-2014 period and conduct a frontier analysis to calculate bank specific X-efficiency. Our results suggest that efficiency scores depend on the cost definition as domestic and smaller banks are more efficient in managing administrative costs compared with foreign and larger banks but equally efficient in managing total costs. Results indicate that average bank relative efficiency increased on two occasions: one in the late 90s in the period of banking crisis and subsequent “market cleansing” and to a lesser extent in the period marked with financial crisis. Although the differences between bank cost efficiencies seem small, we conclude that the area is worth further research as significant gains in bank earnings could be achieved by increasing efficiency.

Open access

Gloria Gheno

. (2018). Development of predictive scoring model for risk stratification of no-show at a public hospital specialist outpatient clinic . Available at https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2010105818793155 [10 June 2018]. 5. Daggy, J., Lawley, M., Willis, D., Thayer, D., Suelzer, C., DeLaurentis, P. C., Turkcan, A., Chakraborty, S., Sands, L. (2010). Using no-show modeling to improve clinic performance. Health Informatics Journal , Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 246-259. 6. Davies, M. L., Goffman, R. M., May, J. H., Monte, R. J., Rodriguez, K. L., Tjader, Y

Open access

Jekaterina Nazarova

. (2012) Bancrupcy Forecasting Altmans’ Model. Retrieved from http://www.beintrend.ru/z-score-altman Naiman, E. (2009) Traider Encyclopedia. 455. Center of Economic Analysis and Expertise (CEAE). (2012) Technical Analysis - Historu of Development. Retrieved from http://www.assessor.ru/forum/index.php?t=525 Economic Faculty (EF). (2012) Finance Analysis. Retrieved from http://books.efaculty.kiev.ua/finpd/1/r10/ NASDAQ.OMX Baltics (2012) Stock exchange. Retrieved from http

Open access

Youssef Lamrani Alaoui and Mohamed Tkiouat

References Abdulrahman, U. F. I., Panford, J. K., and Hayfron-acquah, J. B., 2014. Fuzzy Logic Approach to Credit Scoring for Micro Finance in Ghana: A Case Study of KWIQPLUS Money Lending. International Journal of Computers and Applications, 94 (8). Aboulaich, R., Khamlichi, F. I., and Kaicer, M., 2013. Microcredit Scoring with Fuzzy Logic Model. International Journal of Statistics & Economics, 10 (1), 109-117. Barua, A., Mudunuri, L. S., and Kosheleva, O., 2013. Why trapezoidal and triangular membership functions work so well: Towards a

Open access

Biliqees Ayoola Abdulmumin, Oyebola Fatima Etudaiye-Muhtar, Abdulrasaq Taiye Jimoh and Ola Ridwan Sakariyahu

countries. Report of Personal Finance Research Centre, University of Bristol . http://www.bristol.ac.uk/media-library/sites/geography/migrated/documents/pfrc0409.pdf . Khan, H. R., 2012. Issues and challenges in financial inclusion: Policies, partnerships, processes and products. RBI Monthly Bulletin, august , 1447–1457. Korynski, P., and Pytkowska, J., 2016. Measuring financial inclusion in the EU: financial inclusion score approach. https://www.microfinancegateway.org/library/measuring-financial-inclusion-eufinancial-inclusion-score-approach . La

Open access

Lina Pilelienė and Viktorija Grigaliūnaitė

: http://dx.doi.org/00913367.2013.857621 Greenwald, A. G., Nosek, B. A., and Banaji, M. R., 2003. Understanding and using the implicit association test: I. An improved scoring algorithm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85 (2), 197-216. doi: http://dx.doi.org/0022-3514.85.2.197 Grigaliunaite, V., and Pileliene, L., 2015. Determination of the Impact of Spokesperson on Advertising Effectiveness. International Journal of Management. International Journal of Management, 2 (8), 810-822. Gupta, R., Kishore, N., and Verma, D. P. S., 2015