-40. Barrett, C., Reardon, T., & Webb, P. (2001). Nonfarm income divesification and household livelihood strategies in rural Africa: Concepts, dynamics and policy implication. Food Policy, 26(4), 315-331. Becker, S. O., & Caliendo, M. (2007). Sensitivity analysis for average treatment effects. The Stata Journal, 7(1), 71-83. Becker, S., & Ichino, A. (2002). Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores. Stata Journal, 2(4), 358-377. Bezu, S., Barrett, C., & Holden, S. (2012). Does nonfarm economy offer
Samuel Ampaw, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah and Bernardin Senadza
Kevin A. Diehl
The paper analyses the 2017 Big Ten West Division football cycle models recruiting. The top ten recruit scores [(Rivals.com * 100) + [100 (outside surrounding); 75 (surrounding)] + extra credit walk-ons (100; 75)] allow proper ranking: Iowa, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Northwestern, Illinois, Minnesota, and Purdue.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate fiscal policy performance level in Nordic countries of Europe by quantifying the gap between their performance and an optimum benchmark value. In this study it was selected Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway. These countries occupy the first places in the ranking of countries with the highest rate of tax burden in Europe. The first part of paper contains general aspects of fiscal performance in international research and an overview of the Nordic tax systems model. The second part of paper focuses on evaluation of tax policy performance in these countries by using OptimTax scoring analysis. The research is based on a multivariate analysis instrument that uses quantitative data on various aspects of tax policy. OptimTax achieves a score for assessing the degree of optimization of fiscal policy. The results reveal high levels of tax performance in Scandinavian countries and a trend that seems to be more constant than ascending, except Norway.
Janusz Kudła, Monika Stachowiak-Kudła and Adam Figurski
Purpose: The article addressed the problem of relationships between university funding and efficiency on the one hand and the quality of teaching and research on the other.
Methodology: The measurement of teaching and research quality in Polish universities was derived from two sources: 1) evaluation scores of teaching quality given to universities by the Polish Accreditation Committee, and 2) the research category grades given to university departments or units by the Polish Committee for Evaluation of Scientific Units. Subsequently, the quality measurements were correlated with financial indicators and efficiency scores obtained from data envelopment analysis.
Findings: The correlation and regression results indicated that public universities that have received higher scores of teaching quality simultaneously have higher average scientific categories. There was also a substantial relationship between the revenue per student and the revenue per teacher and variables describing quality but the regression analysis exhibited opposite directions regarding the type of quality indicator.
Research limitations/implications: The quality of teaching and research at universities was assessed despite the limited availability of internal information gathered from higher education institutions (HEIs).
Practical implications: The authorities of a university can simultaneously track the improvement of quality or financial efficiency without losing their interdependence when reforms of HEI operations are conducted.
Originality: The study proposed new measurements of quality derived from external evaluation bodies and investigated the relations of these measures with selected financial and efficiency indicators.
Akeem Bolaji Wahab and Kingsley Omaka
Of recent, the need to increase the performance of services installations in buildings has been a major point of interest amongst construction professionals through the consideration of commissioning practices required to be adopted during execution of building projects. The aim of the study is to investigate awareness of building professionals on the adoption of building commissioning practices in the installation and use of building services equipment. The study therefore examines the characteristics of building commissioning practices, examines the level of awareness and adoption of building commissioning practices amongst construction professionals in Lagos State, Nigeria, as well as investigates the factors influencing their adoption. A survey method of research was employed with questionnaire administered on construction professionals available on the list of firms of the Federation of Construction Industry (FOCI) registered with the Lagos State Government. The data collected were analysed with the use of statistical tools, such as frequency distribution, mean item score, analysis of variance and factor analysis. The study shows that amongst the characteristics of building commissioning practices, lighting services have the highest level of engagement with a mean score of 4.45, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning 4.15 while vertical transporting services have a mean score of 3.82. A significant proportion of the respondents are aware of building commissioning practices through different professional training courses and practices. The study also shows that there is relationship between the level of awareness and adoption of building commissioning practices at 95 % confidence level. The indicators in group one are found through the factor analysis to be contributing mostly to the adoption of building commissioning practices by the respondents. The study concludes that with the existing level of its awareness in the study area, efforts should be made by stakeholders to entrench building commissioning practices provisions in the country’s institutional framework/regulatory code, which covers the installation and use of service items in building stock so as to further deepen their adoption in order to enhance performance and comfort of building projects.
Andrew Holt and Joseph McGarrity
References Dougherty, Chrys, Lynn Mellor, and Shuling Jian, (2006), The Relationship between Advanced Placement and College Graduation , 2005 AP Study Series, Report 1.” National Center for Educational Accountability,1-35. Jackson, C. Kirabo. (2008), Cash for Test Scores: The Impact of the Texas Advanced Placement Incentive Program , Education Next, Vol. 8, no. 4, 70-77. Jackson, C. Kirabo. (2010a), A Little Now for a Lot Later A Look at a Texas Advanced Placement Incentive Program , Journal of Human Resources. Vol. 45, no. 3, 591
Purpose: Established professions and knowledge workers identify more with their professional groups than with their organisations. The purpose of the study was to find what kind of work-related identities are shown by clinical research sector employees in Poland, what is the intensity of those identities and which one is dominant.
Methodology: The study started with qualitative interviews dedicated to professional changes and to work-related identity. The latter was selected for the main quantitative part of the study and its five types were defined related to the trained profession, the practised profession, organizational, relational and task-related work identities. Intensity of these pre-defined identities was tested with a use of a questionnaire completed by 147 representatives of the sector under study. Statistical analysis of the collected data verified the research hypotheses that assumed a certain gradation of these work-related identities.
Results: Professional identity related to the practised occupation was placed on the highest level followed by task-related identity. Relational and organisational identities were classified on the third and fourth levels. Identity related to the trained occupation achieved the lowest score. The employing organization type had no effect on the manifested professional identity.
Originality value: As a developing new occupation, the study group itself was an interesting population for studying work-related identity. Combining the qualitative and quantitative methods enabled evaluation of the results against the professional changes shaping the sector, which can have an impact on building the work-related identity of its employees.
This paper investigates Romanian consumer ethnocentrism and the Romanian consumers’ attitudes towards local products and towards campaigns promoting local products. The research was conducted through a questionnaire addressed to a sample containing two groups of respondents. The sample was organized also into two groups: Millennials (consumers aged between 15 and 34 years old) and Non-Millennials (35-over 65 years old). It was tested the hypothesis that Millennials are less ethnocentric compared to the Millennials. Another hypothesis of the research consists of the fact that the Millennials consumers’ attitudes towards local products and towards local campaigns promoting local products show lower scores in comparison with the consumers belonging to the other group. The obtained results of this research highlight the following: there are not significant differences between the two groups regarding the level of ethnocentrism and their attitudes towards consumption of local products and campaigns promoting local products, however Millennials show more interest to the products that offer the best value for money whether they are done or not in Romania in comparison with Non-Millennials. The Romanian consumers would also like that the state and the industry involve more in supporting the local products.
Abdullah A. Aldousari and Ismail M. Elsayed
Two types of hypermarket spenders with multi-patronage behavior were identified; namely, “Concentric” and “Sprinkled.” The objective of this study is to examine which of hypermarket store attributes differentiate between the two types of spenders, and to determine the differences of their demographic characteristics. Six store attributes including the depth of the product assortment, store services, location convenience, sales promotion, prices, and store reputation were examined. Also, five different demogrpaphics were tested including gender, nationality, marital status, education and monthly income.. A cross sectional design with an intercept survey was used. Three hundered cusdtomers were intercepted at diffeerent hypermarket store locations and asked to fill out the survey instrument. Two research hypotheses were tested using the survey data. The interpretation of the discriminant function showed that “concentric” spenders score quite high on store services, moderately on convenience and sales promotion, and low on prices. Both product assortment depth and store reputation were not important to the discriminant function interpretation. Results also indicated that only two demographics were significantly differentiating between the two types of spenders. Several recommendations were made based on the study findings to enable each hypermaqrket store in Kuwait to increase its share of a consumer’s wallet.
S.V.S. Raja Prasad
Indian real estate segment has been one of the utmost affected segments of economy contemplating the changes in economic policies. The Indian economy experienced a radical change as an outcome of demonetization and the consequences are perceived on the real estate segment. The current study has been proposed to evaluate the efficiency of Indian real estate firms by adopting the technique of data envelopment analysis during the pre- and post-period of demonetization. The aim of the research is to understand the effect of demonetization on the performance of the Indian real estate firms during the post-demonetization period compared to pre-demonetization period. Eight real estate firms have been considered for the analysis. The firms have been ranked on the basis of the efficiency score. It is evident from the results of the study that there is a significant difference between the ranks of the firms during the period of pre and post demonetization; and it can be elucidated that the demonetization has an impact on the performance of the firms.