, urinary infections, kidney problems (infections, calculosis) and poor circulation are often present in persons with SCI ( 1 , 10 ).
The inclusion of persons with SCI in social and recreational activities is one of the aspects of a long-term rehabilitation plan ( 11 , 12 ). Sports activities are implemented both during ( 13 , 14 ) and after rehabilitation ( 15 ) in order to improve strength, aerobic fitness, and physical functioning ( 16 ); in addition, sports activities have positive effects on psychological well-being ( 17 ).
Studying the qualityoflife (QoL
Anja Černe, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj and Polona Selič
among male British doctors. Int J Epidemiol 2005; 34: 199-204.
Foster J, Powell JE, Marshall EJ, Peters TJ. Qualityoflife in alcohol dependent subjects: a review. Qual Life Res 1999; 8: 255-61.
Longabough R, Mattson R, Connors G, Cooney N. Qualityoflife as an outcome variable in alcoholism treatment research. J Stud Alcohol 1994; 55: 119-29.
Pisinger C, Toft U, Aadahl M, Glümer C, Jørgensen T. The relationship between lifestyle and self-reported health in a general population: the Inter
patients are much less obvious and are usually poorly understood and tended by healthcare practitioners. Evidence shows that CP patients do not primarily search for physical improvement as much as they crave for social inclusion ( 5 , 6 ).
QoL is a broad concept defined by the World Health Organization as “individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns” ( 7 ). Health-Related QualityofLife (HRQoL) represents the QoL in the view of
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Tina Lozej, Gaja Leban, Ivan Verdenik and Eda Vrtačnik Bokal
proven higher multiple pregnancy rate registered in IVF pregnancies ( 7 ), which is a known risk factor for preterm delivery and consequently for increased neonatal morbidity and mortality ( 8 ), there are other unfavourable effects of IVF conception on pregnancy, as well as the effect of infertility on psychological well-being and qualityoflifeof women who conceive after infertility treatment. The high frequency of multiple births and the high maternal age are interpreted as contributing factors, not the IVF technique itself. Some authors ( 9 , 10 ) did not find
Maja Racic, Radica Todorovic, Nedeljka Ivkovic, Srdjan Masic, Bojan Joksimovic and Milan Kulic
perception of stress might be associated with moderate level of anxiety, depression symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, frustration and powerlessness ( 25 ). When associated with anxiety and depression, occupational stress, as experienced by the student, can influence his or her qualityoflife and decrease his or her academic performance due to anxiety-induced difficult cognitive functioning, such as memory disorders, blockage, incapacity to make decisions, and increased sensitivity to appraisals of others ( 26 , 27 ). Previous research found that the students and
unexplained chronic fatigue in the paediatric population (aged from 11 to 18 years).
The aim of our study was to examine the effect of an educational intervention (EI) for FPs on the MUS patients’ self-rated qualityoflife, treatment satisfaction and relationship with the physician.
Participants and Procedures
A total of 90 family medicine practices or FPs from across Slovenia were invited to participate in a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study. The recruitment of the physicians was carried out between
metabolic syndrome in Roma (Gypsies) in Slovakia. Cent Eur J Public Health 2009; 18: 16-8.
8. Bogdanović D, Nikić D. Mortality of Roma population in Serbia 2002-2005. Croat Med J 2007; 48: 720-6.
9. Niksić D, Kurspahić Mujićić A. The presence of health risk behaviour in Roma families. Bosn J Med Sci 2007; (Suppl 7): 144-9.
10. Skodova Z, Van Dijk J, Nagyova J. Psychosocial factors of coronary health disease and qualityoflife among Roma coronary patients: a study matched by socioeconomic position. Int J Public Health 2010
Ljiljana Vucic, Branislav Glisic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Uros Vucic, Jelena Drulovic and Tatjana Pekmezovic
Severe dental malocclusions should be most frequently treated with combined orthodontic and surgical treatment (1 - 4) . Dentofacial disorders may potentially significantly affect the qualityoflife ( 1 , 5 , 6) . It has to be emphasized that impaired health-related qualityoflife (HRQoL), as a consequence of oral diseases and disorders, may affect various aspects oflife in a large number of individuals (7) . Until now, several definitions of HRQoL have been suggested, and there is no universal agreement regarding the
Biljana Stern, Tanja Hojs Fabjan, Ksenija Rener-Sitar and Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
years. The gold standard for assessing physical disability in clinical settings has been the Kurtzke’s Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) ( 7 ). However, health has not only the physical component, but is rather a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being ( 8 ). Conventional physical disability scales omit mental and social health dimensions that substantially contribute to the patient’s overall qualityoflife. Moreover, the difficulties which are perceived important by patients substantially differ from those ones which doctors assess based on
Jure Urbančič, Tanja Soklič Košak, Klemen Jenko, Nina Božanić Urbančič, Peter Hudoklin, Matej Delakorda, Ajda Juvanec, Katarina Zupančič Urbančič, Jana Vadnjal and Daša Gluvajić
septum, turbinate hypertrophy, adenoid hypertrophy to mucosal congestion or nasal masses ( 5 ). To evaluate the effectiveness of surgical treatment or change in qualityoflife (QoL), an instrument called Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) was developed and validated ( 6 ). NOSE questionnaire is not the only QoL instrument used by researchers in rhinology. Some of them are not fulfilling the definition of health-related qualityoflife instrument (HRQL), as Chronic Sinusitis Survey (CSS) or even Sinonasal Outcome Score 22 (SNOT-22). Some instruments do not