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Treatment of systemic diseases and oral focal infection

disease are common in the population. Most oral lesions, especially chronic periodontitis, have no enough apparent pain to be alerted. Therefore, timely treatment is difficult. In the case of normal immune function, oral lesions exist for a long time without attack. Once the immune function changes, an acute attack may occur, even inducing infection during the treatment of certain systemic diseases. Thus, treatment plans for systemic diseases are difficult to proceed smoothly. This phenomenon affects the quality of life of patients and endangers their entire health

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Progress in Research on Infection Factors in Hemodialysis Patients

References 1 Mailloux LU, Bellucci AG, Wilkes BM, et al . Mortality in dialysis patients: Analysis of the causes of death. Am J Kidney Dis, 1991 (18):326-327. 2 Wei Q. Study on Hemodialysis Patients with Concurrent Infection. Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology, 2004,14 (5): 599 - 600. 3 Wan H. Analysis on Factors of Central Venous Catheter Infection and Status Quo of Nursing Research. Chinese Nursing Research, 2005,19 (9): 1791 - 1792. 4 Ma Y. Observation on the Nursing Effect of the Prevention of Catheter-related Infection in Hemodialysis

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Research progress in the targeted monitoring of surgical site infections

References 1 Ren N, Feng L, Wen X, et al . Practical Hospital Infection Monitoring Methodology , Changsha: Hunan Science and Technology Press, 2012. 2 Huang W, Chen H, Chu L, et al . The loss of economic evaluation for surgical Site infection Clinical and experimental Medical Journal, 2010, 9(9):655-657. 3 Malone DL, Genuit T, Tracy JK, et al . Surgical site infections: reanalysis of risk factors. J Surg Res, 2002, 103(1): 89-95. 4 Liu Y. Progress on the prevention and controlling of the surgical site infection. The Chinese Journal of

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Advances in antibiotic therapy for infection after the surgical installation of implants to treat internal fractures

’s perspectives. Injury, 2011, 42(5): 18-23. 30 Bauer S, Bouldouyre MA, Oufella A, et al . Impact of a multidisciplinary staff meeting on the quality of antibiotherapy prescription for bone and joint infections in orthopedic surgery. Med Mal Infect, 2012, 42(12): 603-607.

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The Denver Tube Combined with Antiviral Drugs In the Treatment of HBV-related Cirrhosis with Refractory Ascites: A Report of Three Cases

References 1. Arroyo V, Gines P, Gerbes AL, Dudley FJ, Gentilini P, Laffi G, et al. Definition and diagnostic criteria of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. International Ascites Club. Hepatology 1996; 23:164-176. 2. Fontana RJ, Hann HW, Perrillo RP, Vierling JM, Wright T, Rakela J, et al. Determinants of early mortality in patients with decompensated chronic hepatitis B treated with antiviral therapy. Gastroenterology 2002; 123:719-727. 3. Thuluvath PJ, Bal JS, Mitchell S, Lund G, Venbrux

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Application of Structural Equation Model to Evaluate the Perception of Service Quality of Medical Staffs of Infectious Disease Department in Chinese Hospitals

;3(2):124-137. 4. Crossno JE, Berkins B, Gotcher N, Hill JL, McConoughey M, Walters M. Assessment of customer service in academic health are libraries (ACSAHL): an instrument for measuring customer service. Bull Med Libr Assoc 2001;89(2):170-176. 5. Sajjadi H, Vameghi M, Ghazinour M, Khodaeiardekani M. Caregivers’ quality of life and quality of services for children with cancer: a review from iran. Glob J Health Sci 2013;5(3):173-182. 6. Mohammadi A, Mohammadi J. Evaluating quality of health services in health centres of Zanjan district of Iran

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Chinese Consensus on Diagnosis and Treatment of Hepatic Encephalopathy
Chinese Expert Committee on Hepatic Encephalopathy

press.2007:94-105. 11. Morgan MY, Blei A, Grungreiff K, Jalan R, Kircheis G, Marchesini G, et al. The treatment of hepatic encephalopathy. Metab Brain Dis 2007;22:389-405. 12. Prasad S, Dhiman RK, Duseja A, Chawla YK, Sharma A, Agarwal R. Lactulose improves cognitive functions and health-related quality of life in patients with cirrhosis who have minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Hepatology 2007;45:549-559. 13. Als-Nielsen B, Gluud LL, Gluud C. Nonabsorbable disaccharides for hepatic encephalopathy. Cochrane Database Syst

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Progress in Research on Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy

References 1 Zhou Y, Wu Z, Hou J. A Survey and Analysis on the Quality of Life of 1,880 Patients with Vertigo. Chinese Journal of Otology, 2011, 9:434. 2 Cowand JL, Wrisley DM, Walker M, et al . Efficacy of vestibular rehabilitation. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 1998, 118:49. 3 Bittar RS, Pedalini ME, Lorenzi MC, et al . Treating vertigo with vestibular rehabilitation: results in 155patients. Revue de Laryngologie-Otologie-Rhinologie, 2001, 123:61. 4 Caixeta GCS, Don F, Gazzola JM. Cognitive processing and body balance in

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Infection in central venous catheter led by parenteral nutrition of tumor patients

ability to develop resistance to antibiotics, and render ability to attack the body’s immune system. This condition can lead to difficulties in treatment and relapse of infection, which can seriously affect the quality of life of patients and immune function and threaten the life of patients. A number of studies have shown that tumor cells secrete a variety of immunosuppressive factors [ 17 ], such as transformation growth factor-β 1 that evades immune system attacks, prostaglandin E 2 , vascular endothelial growth factor, interleukin (IL)-10, IL-6, IL-4, and

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Progress in the treatment of fungal infections of the central nervous system

treatment. To summarize, fungal infection of the CNS is difficult to diagnose and treat and is associated with poor prognosis. Treatment measures should be further researched and developed to improve the prognosis and to enhance the quality of life of patients. Acknowledgement None. Conflict of interest : The authors state no conflicts of interest. Authors’ Contributions : Xuemei Li and Xiaoxia Li conducted the literature analysis and further wrote, discussed, and revised the manuscript of this review. References [1] Raparia K., Powell S

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