assume that social policy is part of economic policy in this study.
Social policy affects everyone’s life. It contributes to the qualityoflife to a greater or lesser extent. Qualityoflife includes a subjective and also an objective component. The objective component ofqualityoflife consists of measurable economic, social, health and environmental characteristics. In economic terms, our interest is to find out the income situation of households, income inequality, number of households living in material and financial deprivation and also indicators of poverty
Digitization has triggered profound structural change that affects almost all areas of our life. In this respect, sometimes it is spoken about a digital revolution. This change poses new challenges for companies ( Crane, 2013 ), consumers, as well as for politics and society ( Šmejkal, 2012 ). Competition is the central driver of digital change. At the same time, digitization is intensifying competition in many areas and economic activity is changing in many ways. In almost every transaction today is involved a computer (and thus a digital
Governmental Assembly did not come to life it could be present in the mentioned upper-level coordination; in this paper it is presented as the Centre of Government (CoG), is not only a technical, administrative support for the Prime Minister, but more and more has also a regulatory-coordinative, policy role. The term centre of government (CoG) refers to the organisations and units that serve the Chief Executive (President or Prime Minister, and the Cabinet collectively) and perform certain crosscutting functions (strategic management, policy coordination, monitoring and
Magdalena Flatscher-Thöni, Andrea M. Leiter and Hannes Winner
Damages for pain and suffering (DPS) represent monetary payments to compensate individuals for a physical and mental distress caused by the wrongdoing of other persons. In this way, DPS might be viewed as a monetary evaluation of a change in someone’s lifequality.
DPS are assigned by courts, and depend on the severity and intensity of the injury, the duration of pain and, more generally, the impairment oflifequality. Hence, DPS are sensitive in two regards: They vary over the specific circumstances of the injury and the affected person
Miroslava Vlčková, Zuzana Frantíková and Jaroslav Vrchota
reduction of the expense of maintaining office space ( Kurland and Bailey, 1999 ). Later, the increase of telework in the USA was caused allegedly due to the tragedy occurred on September 11, 2001 and safety measurements implemented in the country ( Potter, 2003 ). Unlike the Industrial Age where big industrial centres were built up telework represents an opposite tendency ( Potter, 2003 ). Among other factors stimulating the growth of telework were the boom of IT technology and the accrual of dual-earner households and due to this fact, the need for work-life balance
. According to the standard neoclassical theory, developing countries can benefit from joining advanced countries, the entire process being activated by the liberalization of markets ( Martín et al., 2001 ), but literature mainly discusses the convergence of the euro zone countries, seldom extending the debate on the CEE group of countries. Later, in the late 1990s and early 2000s, the prospect of additional CEE countries joining the EU gave another insight to this issue by including other “deep” determinants in the analysis, i.e. geography, the qualityof institutions
development, and improve the qualityoflife for employees, the local community and society as a whole’. Buhmann (2011) sees it as private or public companies taking action ‘to mitigate or prevent a negative social and environmental impact or to maximise a positive impact, generally beyond the obligations of directly applicable statutory law’. Steiner and Steiner (2003) define it as a ‘duty a corporation has to create wealth using means that avoid harm to, protect, or enhance societal assets’. Making profit is not the only goal of a business entity: its performance is
were based on proposals made by employees with a view to saving material, improving performance, quality, etc. For example, in an engineering company, once approved and implemented, such proposals could result in a one-off reward at the amount of three times the wage and a subsequent percentage increase over several years (Planner <ID007>). Other possibilities consisted in a good collective performance in the Brigade of Socialist Work, for which the participants could get, for example, a travel permit to one of the affiliated countries. However, the reward of the
Naďa Birčiaková, Jana Stávková and Veronika Antošová
Bennett, M. K. (1937). On Measurement of Relative National Standards of Living. The Quarterly Journal of Economics [online], 51(2). DOI: 10.2307/1882091.
Bleys, B. (2012). Beyond GDP: Classifying alternative measures for progress. Social Indicators Research , 109(3), 355–376.
Cottam, H. R. and Mangus, A. R. (1942). A Proposed Definition of Standard of Living. Social Forces [online], 21(2), 177–179. DOI: 10.2307/2570553.
Hebák, P., Hustopecký, J. Pecáková, I., Průša, M., Řezánková, H., Vlach, P., Svobodová, A. (2005
Lukas Schrott, Martin Gächter and Engelbert Theurl
. (2005). The Quantity and QualityofLife and the Evolution of World Inequality. The American Economic Review, 95-1, 277-291.
Chakravarty, S. (2003).AGeneralized Human Development Index. Review of Development Economics, 7-1, 99-114.
Chowdhury, S. and Squire, L. (2006). Setting Weights for Aggregate Indices: An Application to the Commitment to Development Index and Human Development Index. Journal of Development Studies, 42-5, 761-771.
Clark, D. A. (2005). The Capability Approach: Its Development, Critiques and Recent