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Alexandra Stănescu, Diana Opincariu, Nora Rat, Mirabela Morariu, Sebastian Condrea, Imre Benedek and Theodora Benedek

viability in coronary artery disease: A comparative study with 99mTc SPECT and echocardiography. Journal of Geriatric Cardiology . 2014;11:229-236. 24. Masuda A, Yamaki T, Kunii H, et al. Simultaneous Assessment of Myocardial Viability With 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake and Late Gadolinium Enhancement by PET/MRI. Circulation . 2016;134:A11929 25. Danad I, Raijmakers PG, Appelman YE, et al. Hybrid imaging using quantitative H2 15O PET and CT-based coronary angiography for the detection of coronary artery disease. J Nucl Med . 2013;54:55-63. 26

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Taro Horino, Osamu Ichii and Yoshio Terada

Abstract

Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare, benign, self-limiting disease characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Since KFD was first reported in 1972, the validity of this clinical entity has been controversial and its aetiology remains unknown. Herein, we report a case of a patient with KFD, which was believed to be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Athanasios Poulopoulos, Evangelos Parcharidis, Christina Nikolaidou and Aikaterini Aidonopoulou

patterns and imaging features on CT and MRI. Am J Neuroradiol, 2014;35:1813-1819. 33. Zao W, Deng N, Gao X, Chen TB, Xie J, Li Q et al. Primary lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma of salivary glands: a clinicopathologic study of 21 cases. Int J Exp Pathol, 2014;7:7951-7956. 34. Tang CG, Schmidtknecht TM, Tang GY. Lymphoepithelial carcinoma: A case of a rare parotid gland tumor. Perm J, 2012;16:60-62. 35. Jen KY, Cheng J, Li J, Wu L, Li Y, Yu S et al. Mutational events in LMP1 gene of Epstein- Barr virus in salivary gland

Open access

Elizabeta Srbinovska Kostovska, Slavco Tosev, Valentina Andova and Emilija Antova

Abstract

Infective endocarditis is an endovascular microbial infection of cardiovascular structures, localized on valves, large intrathoracic vessels, ventricular and atrial endocardium and prosthetic materials. IE may present as an acute, subacute and chronic disease. The incidence of IE ranges from one country to another within 3-10 episodes/100.000 persons per years. The classification of IE according to the localization of the infection is: left-sided native valve IE, left-sided prosthetic valve IE (PVE), right-sided IE and device-related IE.

Echocardiography plays a key role in each of the steps of assessment of IE: the diagnosis, risk stratification and follow-up of patients with infective endocarditis. The major echocardiographic criteria for IE are discovering vegetations, abscess, new valvular regurgitation and prosthesis dehiscence. According to the recent ESC recommendation for diagnosis and assessment of patients with IE, in all patients with clinical suspicion of IE, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the first step of assessment. If we speak about patients with prosthetic endocarditis, then transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is recommended in case of poor quality of TTE and in majority of patients with positive TTE. If TTE examination is negative with low suspicion of IE, further follow-up has to be stopped. If TTE is negative but there is a high suspicion of IE, TEE has to be repeated in 7-10 days. Anatomical features on IE echocardiography have specific characteristics: vegetation, destructive valve lesion (perforation, prolapse of the valve) and abscess formation (more frequent in Ao valve and in prosthetic valve), which can be complicated with pseudoaneurysm and fistulization). Other cardiac imaging modalities (multislice computed tomogramphy (CT), magnetic resonance, 18F-fluorodesoxyglucose PET-CT, and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) /CT sometimes can be used in discovering complications in IE.

Conclusion: Echocardiography is useful in diagnosis of endocarditis, assessment of the severity of the disease, prediction of short-term and long-term prognosis, prediction of embolic risk, management of its complications, as well as deciding whether to operate or not and in choosing optimal time for surgery and follow-up.

Open access

Florin Mitu, Alexandra Maștaleru, Clementina Cojocaru, Mihai Roca, Ovidiu Mitu and Maria-Magdalena Leon-Constantin

. 2015;15:6. 21. Santhanam P, Treglia G, Ahima RS. Detection of brown adipose tissue by 18 F-FDG PET/CT in pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma: A systematic review. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2018. doi: 10.1111/jch.13228.

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Alper Alp, Hakan Akdam, Ibrahim Meteoglu, Emel Ceylan, Arzu Cengiz, Fusun Taskin, Harun Akar and Yavuz Yenicerioglu

the clinical evaluation of sarcoidosis. Semin Roentgenol 1985; 20: 400-409. 12. Yamada Y, Uchida Y, Tatsumi K, et al. Fluorine-18-fluoro- 26, deoxyglucose and carbon-11-methionine evaluation of lympha-denopathy in sarcoidosis. J Nucl Med 1998; 39: 1160-1166. 13. Brudin LH, Valind SO, Rhodes CG, et al. Fluorine-18 27. deoxyglucose uptake in sarcoidosis measured with positron emission tomography. Eur J Nucl Med 1994; 21: 297-305. 14. Krugera S, Buckb AK, Mottaghyb FM, et al. Use of integrated FDG-PET/CT in sarcoidosis. Clinical Imaging 28, 2008; 32

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Larisa Pinte, Daniel Vasile Balaban, Cristian Băicuș and Mariana Jinga

Dissemination And Lethality Of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.Hpb (Oxford).2011; 13(6): 404-10. 56. Tranchart H, Gaujoux S, Rebours V, Vullierme Mp, Dokmak S, Levy Pet Al.Preoperative Ct Scan Helps To Predict The Occurrence Of Severe Pancreatic Fistula After Pancreaticoduodenectomy.Ann. Surg. 2012; 256 (1): 139-145. 57. Roberts K. J., Storey R., Hodson J., Smith A. M., Morris-Stiff G. Pre-Operative Prediction Of Pancreatic Fistula: Is It Possible?,”Pancreatology2013; 13(4) 423-428. 58. Saisho Y, Butler Ae, Meier Jj, Monchamp T, Allen

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J. David Spence

ultrasound features of plaque such as echolucency, juxtaluminal black plaque and plaque texture, plaque inflammation on PET/CT, ulceration, reduced cerebral blood flow reserve, intraplaque hemorrhage on MRI, and TCD detection of microemboli. The best validated is TCD embolus detection. Among patients with asymptomatic stenosis, the 10% with two or more microemboli during 1 h of monitoring had a 1-year risk of stroke of 15.6%, compared with a 1% risk among the 90% of patients with no microemboli. The risk with one or more emboli during an hour of monitoring, with repeated

Open access

Mirabela Morariu, Diana Opincariu and Alexandra Stănescu

Coll Cardiol . 2008;52(25):2135-2144. 6. Di carli MF, Dorbala S, Curillova Z, et al. Relationship between CT coronary angiography and stress perfusion imaging in patients with suspected ischemic heart disease assessed by integrated PET-CT imaging. J Nucl Cardiol . 2007;14:799-809. 7. Blankstein R, Shturman LD, Rogers IS, et al. Adenosine-induced stress myocardial perfusion imaging using dual-source cardiac computed tomography. J Am Coll Cardiol . 2009;54:1072-1084. 8. Budoff MJ, Gul KM. Expert review on coronary calcium. Vasc Health Risk Manag

Open access

Marius Orzan, Alexandra Stănescu, Tiberiu Nyulas, Mirabela Morariu, Nora Rat, Sebastian Condrea and Imre Benedek

PG, Knaapen P. Diagnosing coronary artery disease with hybrid PET/CT: It takes two to tango. J Nucl Cardiol . 2013;20:874-890. 16. Meijboom WB, Meijs MF, Schuijf JD, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography: a prospective, multicenter, multivendor study. J Am Coll Cardiol . 2008;52:2135-2144. 17. Stuijfzand WJ, Danad I, Raijmakers PG, et al. Additional value of transluminal attenuation gradient in CT angiography to predict hemodynamic significance of coronary artery stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging . 2014