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Federalism in Germany, Italy, and the European Union: History, Characteristics, and Perspectives

Abstract

Federalism is always torn between the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity. Defining the federal structure of a country by finding the welfare-maximizing amount and design of government layers is challenging. Thereby, the financial endowment of different layers of government which they need to fulfill their respective tasks is an important aspect. European countries have chosen quite different federal designs to address the question of an optimal degree of fiscal decentralization. The aim of this paper is to analyze these different approaches for Germany, Italy, and the European Union. Parallels can be found in that all the three entities share a form of institutional asymmetry, a kind of fiscal bailout system, and a sort of fiscal equalization scheme.

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A Proposed Knowledge Management System in SOFCON: Saudi Arabia Perspectives

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Why the Microlevel Determines the Future of the Social Market Economy?

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Reciprocity in the Civil Economy: a Critical Assessment

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Service Recovery Strategies versus Customers’ Expectations, Race for Sustainability: a Qualitative Study on Micro Brands

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Permission-based Leadership and Change Management in Hong Kong's Nongovernment Organisations

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The Impact of Destination Image on Tourists’ Satisfaction and Loyalty in the Context of Domestic Tourism

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European Union Integration Impact on Romanian SMEs Performance

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Organizational Culture and Scale Development: Methodological Challenges and Future Directions

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Führungsethik Sozialer Marktwirtschaft Ein systematischer Leitfaden für eine Mikro-Marko-Perspektive

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