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Pantelis T. Nikolaidis

. bradley P.s., bendiksen M., Dellal A., Mohr M., Wilkie A., Datson N. et al., The application of the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 2 test to elite female soccer populations. Scand J Med Sci Sports , 2014, 24 (1), 43–54. doi: 10.1111/ j.1600-0838.2012.01483.x. 7. Parizkova J., body fat and physical fitness. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague 1977. 8. Wang Z.M., Pierson r.N. Jr., Heymsfield s.b., The five-level model: a new approach to organizing body-composition research. Am J Clin Nutr , 1992, 56 (1),19–28. 9. ross W.D., Marfell-Jones M.J., Kinanthropometry. In

Open access

Michael R. Esco, Ronald L. Snarr, Andrew Flatt, Matthew Leatherwood and Adam Whittaker

-407 Fox K, Borer JS, Camm AJ, Danchin N, Ferrari R, Lopez Sendon JL, Steg PG, Tardif JC, Tavazzi L, Tendera M. Resting heart rate in cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2007; 50(9): 823-830 Green MS, Esco MR, Martin TD, Pritchett RC, McHugh AN, Williford HN. Crossvalidation of two 20-m shuttle-run tests for predicting vo2max in female collegiate soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27(6): 1520-1528 Haller JM, Fehling PC, Barr DA, Storer TW, Cooper CB, Smith DL. Use of the HR index to predict maximal oxygen uptake during

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Amira Ben Moussa Zouita, Sghaier Zouita, Catherine Dziri, Matt Brughelli, David G. Behm and Anis Chaouachi

medicine ( Guilhem et al., 2014 ). Consequently, the purpose of this study was to assess isokinetic trunk strength performance in the sagittal plane. First, to perform a case-control investigation in order to compare maximal concentric isokinetic trunk extension and flexion torque, power, and ratios between high-level athletes and a control population. Secondly, to detect the specific training differences in trunk strength capacity of weightlifters and wrestlers. Methods Participants A case group of 40 high-level male athletes were recruited from wrestling (n

Open access

Paweł Cięszczyk, Marek Sawczuk, Agnieszka Maciejewska, Nijole Jascaniene and Jerzy Eider

References Ahmetov II, Rogozkin VA, Genes, Athlete Status and Training - An Overview in Genetics and Sports (ed: Callins M). Med Sport Sci. Basel, Karger, 2009, vol 54, pp 43-71. Borggrefe M, Wolpert C, Antzelevitch C, Veltmann C, Giustetto C, Gaita F, Schimpf R. Short QT syndrome. Genotype-phenotype correlations. J Electrocardiol 2005: 38: 75-80. Bray MS, Hagberg JM, Perusse L, Rankinen T, Roth SM, Wolfarth B, Bouchard C (2009) The human gene map for performance and health

Open access

Michał Górski, Michał Starczewski, Anna Pastuszak, Joanna Mazur-Różycka, Jan Gajewski and Krzysztof Buśko

maximal joint torque (N·m) of the sum of the joint torque of the upper (SUE) and lower (SLE) extremities, the trunk (ST), and ten muscle groups (TOTAL), upper right (SUER) and lower right (SLER) extremities, upper left (SUEL) and lower left (SLEL) extremities Variables Measurement 1 Measurement 2 Measurement 3 F P η 2 SUER (N·m) 272.2 ± 36 294.0 ± 43.9 indicates statistically significant difference from Measurement 1, p < 0.05 300.7 ± 42.2 indicates statistically significant difference from Measurement 1, p < 0.05 7.18 0

Open access

Beat Knechtle, Caio Victor de Sousa, Herbert Gustavo Simões, Thomas Rosemann and Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis

.07 0.35 <0.001 9.43 0.12 <0.001 Distance version -0.59 0.21 0.007 -0.77 0.07 <0.001 [Performance level=1] 0.98 0.49 0.045 1.07 0.16 <0.001 [Performance level =2] 1.23 0.49 0.012 0.60 0.16 <0.001 [Performance level =3] 0.60 0.49 0.217 0.55 0.16 0.001 [Performance level =4] 0* 0* . 0* 0* . [Performance level =1] × Distance version 0.34 0.30 0.261 0.05 0.10 0.623 [Performance level =2] × Distance version -0.38 0.30 0.216 -0.01 0.10 0

Open access

František Zahálka, Tomáš Malý, Lucia Malá, Miloslav Ejem and Marek Zawartka

. Detailed analysis of these two approach variations may bring not only precise description of their differences, but consequently also important knowledge supporting and justifying the decision whether and/or when players relearn their way of attack approach or when to respect their individual way of execution. Methods Participants The research sample consisted of players from the men’s top league in the Czech Republic (n = 12, age 28.0 ± 4.3 years, body height 196.6 ± 5.6 cm, body mass 89.7 ± 6.7 kg) with very stable spike technique; the players were divided

Open access

Beata Pożarowszczyk, Weronika Pawlaczyk, Małgorzata Smoter, Andrzej Zarzycki, Dariusz Mroczek, Martyna Kumorek, Kazimierz Witkowski and Kawczyński Adam

) with one factor (time of measurements) were used to analyze tendon and muscle stiffness results. The normality of the data distribution was checked by the Shapiro-Wilk test. In all tests, p ≤ 0.05 was considered significant, and partial η 2 was calculated to assess effect sizes. The data are presented as mean and standard error of mean (SEM) in the text. Results AT stiffness of the dominant leg increased significantly from before fights (751.6 ± 123.5 N/m) to immediately after fights (809.4 ± 160.4 N/m) ( p = 0.012; η 2 = 0.4). Stiffness of soleus muscle

Open access

Jan Gajewski and Bartosz Jarosiewicz

. Logan, A. J., Makwana, N., Mason, G., Dias, J., Acute hand and wrist injuries in experienced rock. Br J Sports Med , 2004, 38 (5), 545-548. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2002.003558. Bannister, P., Foster, P., Upper limb injuries associated with rock climbing. Br J Sports Med , 1986, 20 (2), 55.

Open access

Anastasios A. Theodorou, Vassilis Gerodimos, Konstantina Karatrantou, Vassilis Paschalis, Konstantina Chanou, Athanasios Z. Jamurtas and Michalis G. Nikolaidis

of the literature. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine , 2012; 11: 187-200 Chmielewska D, Piecha M, Blaszczak E, Krol P, Smykla A, Juras G. The effect of a single session of whole-body vibration training in recreationally active men on the excitability of the central and peripheral nervous system. J Hum Kinet , 2014; 41: 89-98 Di Loreto C, Ranchelli A, Lucidi P, Murdolo G, Parlanti N, De Cicco A, Tsarpela O, Annino G, Bosco C, Santeusanio F, Bolli GB, De Feo P. Effects of whole-body vibration exercise on the endocrine system of healthy men. J