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Norwegian Women's Experiences of 20th-Century Migration to England:
Narratives Of Changing Gender Roles

References Almås, R 1997, ‘From the society of duty to the market place of opportunity’, Young , vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 31-48. Anthias, F & Cederberg, M 2010, ‘Gender, migration and work: perspectives and debates in the UK’, in Women in new migrations. Current debates in European societies , eds. K Slany, M Kontos & M Liapi, Jagiellonian University Press, Cracow, pp. 19-49. Basch, L, Glick Schiller, N & Szanton Blanc, C 1994, Nations unbound: transnational projects, postcolonial predicaments, and deterritorialized nation-states , Gordon and

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Intersecting Experiences: Class, Gender, Ethnicity and Race in the Lives of Highly Skilled Migrants in Finland

-M & Walsh, K 2012, ‘Examining ‘expatriate’ continuities: postcolonial approaches to mobile professionals’, in The new expatriates: postcolonial approaches to mobile professionals , eds. A-M Fechter & K Walsh, Routledge, Oxon, pp. 9-22. Fresnoza-Flot, A & Shinozaki, K 2017, ‘Transnational perspectives on intersecting experiences: gender, social class and generation among Southeast Asian migrants and their families’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies , vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 867-884, DOI:10.1080/1369183X.2016.1274001. Glick Schiller, N, Darieva, T & Gruner

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Studies of Changing Societies
The Journal of Olga Guzhva
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Negotiating Female Genital Cutting as a Difficult Characteristic in Kurdish National Identity

References Abdi, SY 2011, Kampen mot kjønnlemlestelse - en ildsjelds beretning , Amathea, Oslo. Acharya, P 2009, ‘The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) in the Kurdish regions’, in Workshop on female genital mutilation , School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, London, pp. 1-10. Ahmady, N 2005, Handful of ash: WADI . Available from: < >. [Last accessed 7.4.2017]. Ahmady, K 2015, A comprehensive study on female genital mutilation/cutting in Iran - 2015 . Available

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How Does Place Matter to Highly Skilled Migrants?
Work/non-work experiences of international physicians in Norway and Sweden

. 2, pp. 145-163, DOI:10.1111/glob.12109. Berbyuk Lindström, N 2008, Intercultural communication in health care: non-Swedish physicians in Sweden , Gothenburg University, Gothenburg. Berbyuk, N, Allwood, J & Edebäck, C 2005, ‘Being a non-Swedish physician in Sweden: a comparison of the views on work related communication of non-Swedish physicians and Swedish health care personnel’, Journal of Intercultural Communication , vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 191-207. Brücker, H, Bertoli, S, Facchini, G, Mayda, AM & Peri, G 2012, ‘Global trends in highly skilled

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The Framing of Immigration and Integration in Sweden and Norway:
A Comparative Study of Official Government Reports

References Arter, D 2008, Scandinavian politics today , 2nd edn, Manchester University Press, Manchester, N.Y. Barth, E & Moene, KE 2009, “The equality multiplier”. Unpublished working paper, Department of Economics, University of Oslo. Breidahl, KN & Fersch, B 2018, ‘Bringing different states in: how welfare state institutions can possibly influence socio-cultural dimensions of migrant incorporation’, Nordic Journal of Migration Research , vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 99-106, DOI:10.1515/njmr-2018-0011. Brochmann, G & Hagelund, A 2011, ‘Migrants

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Historical and Modern Perspectives on Mobile Labour:
Parallel case study on Finnish and Estonian cross-border worker stereotypes and masculinities

-56. Grzymala-Kazlowska, A 2015, ‘Social Anchoring: Immigrant Identity, Adaptation and Integration Reconnected?’, Sociology vol. 50 no. 6, pp. 1133-1139, DOI:10.1177/0038038515594091. Hagan, J, Lowe, N & Quingla, C 2011, ‘Skills on the Move Rethinking the Relationship Between Human Capital and Immigrant Economic Mobility’, Work and Occupations, vol. 38, no. 2, pp.149-178. Haupt, HG & Kocka J 2004, ‘Comparative History: Methods, Aims, Problems’, in Comparison and History: Europe in Cross-National Perspective , ed D Cohen and M O’Connor, Routledge, New York

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Islam and Muslims as Elephants in the Interfaith Room:
Frame governance of dialogue and de-radicalisation

, EA 2015, ‘The representation of Islam in Western Media: the coverage of Norway terrorist attacks’, International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature , vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 198-204. DOI:10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.4n.3p.198. Amir-Moazami, S 2011, ‘Dialogue as a governmental technique: managing gendered Islam in Germany’, Feminist Review , vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 9-27. DOI:10.1057/fr.2011.8. Bangstad, S 2011, ‘The morality police are coming! Muslims in Norway’s media discourses’, Anthropology Today , vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 3-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1467

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Constituting Immigrant Care Workers through Gendering and Racialising Practices in Education

: intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color’, Stanford Law Review , vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1241-1299. Davies, B 2004, ‘Introduction: poststructuralist lines of flight in Australia’, International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 3-9. Davies, B 2000, A Body of Writing 1990-1999, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA. de los Reyes, P & Mulinari, D 2005, Intersektionalitet. Kritiska reflektioner over (o)jämlikhetens landskap, [Intersectionality. Critical reflections on (in)equality]’, Liber, Malmö

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Best friend’s and family members’ smoking habits and parental divorce during childhood are associated with smoking in adulthood


AIMS - Smoking initiation during childhood or adolescence is strongly associated with friends’ smoking. Likewise, adverse living conditions increase the likelihood of future deviant behaviour. We examine whether smoking by a best friend and family members during school years as well as adverse childhood experiences are associated with smoking in adulthood. DATA AND DESIGN - We have analysed the responses of Finnish working-aged respondents in 1998 (N=25901) and 2003 (N=20773) to questions on the smoking status of friends and family members during school years as well as their answers on a six-item scale of childhood adversities. A case-control study design was used to compare current cigarette smokers (1998 and 2003) to non-smokers (1998 and 2003). RESULTS - If a best friend during school years was a smoker, the subject’s odds ratio (OR) of being a smoker in adulthood was 4.43 among females and 3.91 among males compared to those with a non-smoking best friend in multivariate models adjusted for smoking by family members during school years and by six childhood adversities. These associations did not differ by age. Smoking in adulthood was associated with childhood adversities, most strongly with parental divorce or separation during the subjects’ school years. CONCLUSION - Smoking by a best friend and parental divorce or separation during school years appears to be a strong factor of smoking in later life.

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