References: Druzik, Cecily M. G. (1991) Formaldehyde: Detection and Mitigation, WAAC Newsletter , 13 (2), pp.13-16; Göpel, W., Jones, T. A., Kleitz, M., Lundström, I., Seiyama, T. (2008) Sensors, Chemical and Biochemical Sensors, vol 3, part II; Grzywacz, Cecily M. (2006) Monitoring for Gaseous Pollutants in Museum Environments, The Getty Conservation Institute; Hansen, A.D.A. (2000) The Aethalometer , Magee Scientific Company Berkeley, California, USA; Hatchfield, Pamela (2004) Pollutants in the Museum Environment
Budu Ana-Maria and Sandu Ion
Paweł Gełesz, Artur Karczewski, Janusz Kozak, Wojciech Litwin and Łukasz Piątek
Dynamic development in practically all fields of science and engineering has not passed over shipbuilding. In last years, engineers got to their use computer software which makes it possible to perform strength and hydrodynamic calculations as well as to visualize design projects in 3 D space [1-4]. At their disposal they have full spectrum of modern solutions associated with the use of advanced materials and technologies [5-7]. More and more attention is also paid to impact onto the natural environment [8,9]. Every new object must influence the environment as low as possible, beginning from building phase through its service life up to final utilization - such approach is called „green-shipping“. However, not only practical reasons are important. Clients, i.e. ship owners and passengers of ships paid more and more attention to image of floating units. During decision taking on that from whom a transport service has to be ordered, the most modern ships of an attractive image matching with place and time, are often taken into consideration.
Such situation has become a basis for an idea of working out a concept of a new ferryboat for National Maritime Museum. As the ferry has to navigate in „the heart of the town“, then, apart from strictly marine and engineering aspects, an important factor of its designing is its expected image - a set of significant meanings and emotions written in architecture language. The new ferryboat, like its historical predecessors, will never leave urban water routes.
Gabriel Camară and Mihaela-Violeta Munteanu
Galați county is a geographical area that is less valued in terms of tourism, but which benefits by a natural tourism potential. The aim of this study is to identify the potential and the activities of the hunting and fishing tourism. Exploitation of hunting and fishing activities in touristic aim is only partial because of the lack of touristic infrastructure and the lack of collaboration with various travel agencies from this branch of tourism. Proposals that would help the future development and improvement of tourism activity are from “wildlife watching tourism” domain: capturing images with the camera, observing the behavior of hunting species without affecting them, providing information for those interested in the hunting behavior and life fauna, creating a wildlife museum and last but not least, upgrading the transport infrastructure.
The Katowice conurbation comprises of towns which have developed because of the mining of metal ores, coal and raw rock materials. The development of mining and industry which have lasted for centuries has resulted in the specific character of the landscape of the area with its typical indicators such as housing estates built for the working class, winding towers, chimneys of steelworks, coking plants, power stations, drifts, quarries, etc. The residents of mining communities, and local governments within the conurbation, which have developed owing to mining, are aware of the impending economic slowdown after liquidation of coal mines. Therefore, development of the service sector, including tourism, based on postindustrial facilities can become an important factor in restructuring the economy. This article presents a classification of post-industrial cultural heritage sites prepared for the purpose of geotourism. Several categories of such sites have been distinguished: 1) historic mining landscapes, 2) places adapted for recreation, 3) places documenting changes in the groundwater environment, 4) characteristic Silesian landscapes, places commemorating stages of development of the mining industry, 5) post-mining sites adapted for service, commercial or residential purposes, 6) mining museums and open-air museums. The described post-mining sites occur in different parts of the Katowice conurbation; therefore, linking them by a system of tourist trails and surrounding them by zones of protected landscape will be an important task for the future. Material remains of the industrial culture preserved within the Katowice conurbation, despite their diversity, form complexes of monuments complementary to those that can be found in the entire industrialized Europe. Therefore, the industrial heritage in the area of the Katowice conurbation is an important part of the European, supranational heritage.
This study is an attempt to describe the current condition of the watermills situated in the river valleys of the Silesian voivodeship. Changes in the number and distribution of mills from the late 18th century until the 20th century have been presented (as exemplified by the Liswarta River basin in the northern part of the voivodeship). Watermills have been discussed both as industrial monuments that document the history of the milling industry and as tourist attractions. Currently, working mills that serve the local population in rural areas are a rarity, and working watermills are unique sites that should be protected as industrial monuments that constitute an important part of our cultural heritage. They are among those industrial monuments that are particularly vulnerable to destruction. Such mills increasingly attract the interest of industrial tourism promoters. Activities aimed at promoting watermills as cultural heritage sites and leading to their protection and preservation as part of the river valley landscape have also been discussed. In the Silesian voivodeship, there are many watermills that deserve attention; some of these are listed in the register of monuments maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland. Unfortunately, most disused mills are falling into disrepair and are slowly disappearing; only a few have been preserved in good condition. Many of these have long histories and they are also situated in areas attractive for tourists. There is no doubt that watermills should be preserved. Their inclusion in open-air museums is not the only solution – any form of protection in situ by putting them to different uses is also valuable. Changing the function of a mill to serve as a hotel, restaurant, cultural centre, etc. makes it possible to maintain these sites as parts of river valley landscapes.
Aravinda Ravibhanu Sumanarathna, Buddhika Madurapperuma, Janaka Kuruppuarachchi, Jinadasa Katupotha, S.M.K. Abeywardhana and Pathmakumara Jayasinghe
B. www.the-prehistory-of-sri-lanka.de , accessed 15 Feb.2005. Deraniyagala, S.U. (2004). Prehistoric basis for the rise of civilization in Sri Lanka and Southern India. Sri Lanka Deputy High Commission in Chennai.28 pp. Deraniyagala, P. E. P., (1958). The Pleistocene of Ceylon. Ceylon National Museums, Colombo. ix+164 pp., 58 pl. Manamendra-Arachchi, K. R. Pethiyagoda, Dissanayake, R. & Meegaskumbura M. (2005). A second extinct big cat from the late quarternary of Sri Lanka.In:Yeo, D.C.J., K.L.Ng & R. pethiyagoda (eds.) Contribution to
Silvea Pruteanu, Ion Sandu and Viorica Vasilache
conservation literature relating to the development of acqueous gel cleaning on painted and varnished surfaces, Rev. Conserv., 1, 10-20. Mills J.S., White R. (1994), The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects. Butterworth- Heinemann, London. Pouli P., Emmony D.C., (2000), The effect of Nd: YAG laser radiation on medieval pigments, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 1, S181-S188. Pruteanu S., Sandu I., Vasilache V., Gherman L.G., Sandu I.C.A., Cristache R.A. (2013), Integrated Analytical Study for the Evaluation of Cleaning
Munteanu Marius, Ion Sandu, Ioana Huțanu and Liliana Nica
. Katsibiri, B. Singer, J. Devenport, Some aspectes of the technique and materials used for mordant gilding on byxantine icons and wall painting, Art2002, 7th International Conference for Non-destructive Testing and Microanalysis for the Diagnostic and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Antwerp, June, 2002 R.A. Blanchette, A Guide to Wood Deterioration Caused by Microorganisms and Insects, The Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings. Procedings of a Symposium at the J. Paul Getty Museum, april 1995, p. 55
Gheorghe Romanescu, Alin Mihu-Pintilie and Donatella Carboni
: Maier, p. 9–45. Ballard R.D., Coleman D.F., Rosenberg G.D., (2000), Further evidence of abrupt Holocene drowning of the Black Sea shelf. Marine Geology, 170, p. 253–261. Bounegru O., (2004), The Roman military and commercial fleet at the Lower Danube and at the left of Pont [In French]. Romanian Naval Museum Yearbook, 12, p. 14–20. Brückner H., Kelterbaum D., Marunchak O., Porotov A., Vött A., (2010), The Holocene sea level story since 7500 BP – lessons from the eastern Mediterranean, the Black and Azov Seas. Quaternary International, 225, p
Łukasz Folcik and Andrzej Urbisz
-15: 11-31. Chong K. Y., Tan H. T. W., Corlett R. T. 2009. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, Singapore. Ciaciura M., Kowal T. 1964. Nowe stanowiska roślin rzadkich na Śląsku. Zesz. Przyr. OTPN, 4: 125-134. Ciaciura M., Kowal T., Serwatka J. 1962. Materiały zielnikowe do flory Śląska. Kwart. Opolski. Zesz. Przyr., 2: 91-107. Corlett R. T., Xing F., Ng S. C., Chau K. C., Wong, L. M. Y. 2000. Hong