Globalization and human migration are evident in many areas, among them sports. Migration is present in all countries around the world ( Eliasson, 2009 ; Maguire and Pearton, 2000 ). These countries can be the cause of emigration or immigration, or simply a travel destination, but most often, it is all three. Migration is a way for people to search for better living conditions. There is a distinction between internal migration, when people move within a country, and international migration, when people move between countries. If we overlook
Jožef Križaj, Bojan Leskošek, Janez Vodičar and Mojca Doupona Topič
“internalization model”, in which an individual learnt in different ways to use the rules of the society in which he/she lived. Previous studies of the cultural capital among elite athletes have mostly been limited to the description of the globalization processes and research on the characteristics of soccer players’ migration. For example, Maguire and Falcous (2011) considered migration in sports as involving a global process of “ culture exchange” . Lee (2010) interpreted sports migration as a form of labour migration through which elite soccer players sought attractive
Students’ educational migration is one of the phenomena characteristic of the globalization processes. It has been growing dynamically since the 1970s. A number of young people studying abroad has grown globally from 0.8m in 1975 to almost 5m in 2014. It comes therefore as no surprise that educational migration has become a subject of many sociological and economic studies. Their authors usually use the push-pull factors model i.e. they investigate the factors that “push” students out of their own countries and those that “pull” them to the new place of study. Our research on foreign students in Poland has been approached from a similar angle. In fact, we set out to find an answer to the question “What made foreign students from Ukraine leave their country and why did they choose to study in Poland?” To find our answers we conducted questionnaire interviews on a random purposive sample of foreign students from Ukraine (N=83). In addition, to avoid the risk that the resulting correlations were accidental and the knowledge yielded in this way false, we also used the triangulation procedure – a supporting, in-depth qualitative study involving a focus group. We altogether managed to hold 4 sessions. The results obtained in the questionnaire study and in the focus group sessions were sorted and analyzed statistically (quantitative and qualitative analysis), which allowed us to find out about the main motives influencing students’ migration decisions as well as the factors “pushing” them out of Ukraine and attracting them to Poland.
The first part of this study, explored by Ashley Popp, presents an investigation into a relatively unexamined area of physical education: an analysis of a transcultural phenomenon in the history of dance. Data has been collected from primary sources and archival evidence to assess competing ideologies inherent in the transformation of a particular art form. In the analysis of the cultural migration through which belly dance was transferred from the Middle East to the United States, an adaptive reaction to the hegemonic relationships of culture, race, gender, and class has been observed. Beyond performance aesthetics, links have been made between the act of belly dancing and the building of women’s self-esteem, as researched by Chia-Ju Yen. The main purpose of her study was to explore how facial burn patients cope with disfigurement and the unfriendly attitudes of others, and examines the alteration of body image via inspiration provided by the performance of belly dance. This research was conducted from the perspective of an anthropologically thickdescription research method, and a case study was performed using in-depth interviews, including narratives by a woman who had suffered facial injuries. The results of the research showed that through family support, hard work and a decisive and studious personality, the patient was able to cope with the discriminatory attitude of others. The performance of belly dance not only made her emphasize her body, but also enriched her life.
Antonio Paoli, Pasqualina Cancellara, Pierluigi Pompei and Tatiana Moro
linked to higher protein intake compared to other KD in animal models ( Roberts et al., 2016 ; Roberts et al., 2017 ). Another target of metabolic changes induced by KD is Akt. Akt is involved in different cellular processes such as cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, transcription, angiogenesis, migration, and glucose metabolism and it is also activated following a great number of stimuli among which insulin and insulin-like growth factor are of greatest importance ( Sandri et al., 2013 ). In turn, Akt acts on target proteins that include glycogen synthase kinase
Agnieszka Maciejewska-Skrendo, Paweł Cięszczyk, Jakub Chycki, Marek Sawczuk and Wojciech Smółka
cohort of athletes from Europe and South America, it has been shown that the ACVR1B rs2854464 A allele is associated with sprint/power athlete status in Caucasians, but not in Brazilian athletes ( Voisin et al., 2016 ).
The compounds of cell surface are also crucial elements in many cellular signaling pathways, since from these elements many of them start. Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans are complex molecules present in the cell membrane and extracellular matrix, which play pivotal roles in cell adhesion, migration, proliferation, as well as in signaling
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Mark Nesti, Martin Littlewood, Lisa O’Halloran, Martin Eubank and David Richardson
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