Economic research on labor migration in the developing world has traditionally focused on the role played by the remittances of overseas migrant labor in the sending country’s economy (for a survey of the empirical literature on remittances, see Adams (2011) ). In the last decade, more attention has been paid to migration for work and its effects on the socioeconomic outcomes of sending households, thanks in large part to the increased availability of household survey data from developing countries. This study contributes to this particular
The disruption of family life is one of the important legacies of South Africa’s colonial and apartheid history. The marginalization of Africans in “homelands,” where there were few employment opportunities, forced Africans to migrate to “White” urban areas to find employment, but a range of restrictions prevented family migration or permanent settlement at the urban destination. The migrant labor system meant that it was mainly men who worked in urban areas or on the mines, while the rural homelands became places for “surplus” people whose
Living in a new era of mass migration, economic reasons for migration decisions are strongly emphasized. However, as the social problems in the U.S., as well as in Europe, demonstrate, migration is not only an economic issue, but also a social and a cultural one. There is a very large body of research concerning economic and social migration problems in economics and sociology, but there exists hardly any literature concerning the economic relevance of immigration and cultural identity.
Since the seminal paper of Akerlof and Kranton (2000
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Mikołaj Herbst, Paweł Kaczmarczyk and Piotr Wójcik
The goal of this paper is to better understand the drivers of interregional migration of well-educated individuals. Human capital is commonly considered as an important factor of economic growth. Economic theory assumes that human capital affects growth by influencing labour productivity ( Lucas 1988 ) and by determining the ability of the economy to innovate ( Nelson and Phelps 1966 ). Numerous empirical research studies have confirmed the positive effect of human capital stock and its quality on growth rates at both country and regional level
People make decisions as to whether to migrate based on the costs and benefits they expect for themselves and for their loved ones. Individual migration decisions affect those left behind in ways that are, for some part, taken into account by market forces (e.g., wage effects on labor markets); for the most part however, emigration affects the current and future growth of source countries in ways that can be seen as pure externalities, that is, unintended consequences of individual decisions that are not reflected (at least not directly
Immigration has been a heavily disputed subject in developed countries for many years, and it became a pivotal one in the last decade. Among questions regarding race, culture or language, economic dimension lately became one of the most frequently discussed. Immigration is alleged to have significant impact on the labour market, real estate prices or industrial output. Additionally, questions about the fiscal effects of migration and its impact on the welfare state appear more often in the policy debate. There are at least three reasons for
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Bodvarsson, Ö.B., Van den Berg, H. (2013). The Economics of Immigration: Theory and Policy . New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London: Springer.
Chan, J. (2018). The Effect of Immigration on Local Public Finances . Retrieved from: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2976525 .
Dustmann, Ch., Frattini, T., Halls, C. (2010). Assessing the Fiscal Costs and Benefits of A8 Migration to the UK. Fiscal Studies, 31
number of enterprises and gmina income − total and own income ( Tab. 1 ).
Selected indicators characterising ROF in 2016
Gmina total income
Gmina own income
in km 2
ROF = 100%
2012 = 100
Net migration per 1000 population
2012 = 100
in million zl
2012 = 100
in million zl
in % of total income