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Indrė Nugaraitė


The study tries to bridge the gap between research on how the Lithuanian language and its varieties are spoken and maintained by migrants and on how the standard language ideology affects the speakers of regional varieties in Lithuania. The paper investigates Lithuanian Samogitian migrants’ attitudes towards their regional variety, the main factors that might influence their beliefs and whether the standard language ideology is one of these factors. The in-depth analysis of 10 audio-recorded and coded interview responses has shown that in migration, similarly as in Lithuania, people’s attitudes towards Samogitian and the usage of it are governed by the three main factors, namely education, Soviet language policy and the linguistic pressure from society. Even though migrants do not feel intense pressure to speak the “right” language and feel much freer to use the variety of their choice when talking to other migrants, they still believe that it is common sense to use the standard in official gatherings, for public speeches or for official events.

Open access

Elvira Küün

Stress. Refugees in Finland. In J. Hjarnø (Ed.) Multiculturalism in the Nordic Societies: Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Seminar for Researchers on Migration and Ethnic Relations : Final Report (pp. 261–273). Copenhagen: ThemaNord. Loide, A. (2015). Eestis elavate muukeelsete perede vanemate suhtumine oma lapse kakskeelsusesse ja etnilise identiteedi kujundamisse . [Magistritöö] Tartu. Muldma, M. (2009). Kasvatus mitmekultuurilises keskkonnas / Education in Multicultural Environment. Teadusartiklite kogumik . Tallinn: Tallinna Ülikooli kirjastus

Open access

Muhammet Ruhat Yasar and Zeynel Amac

Education, 28 (5), 456–473. doi: 10.1080/14675986.2017.1336373. Bhattacharya, K. (2017). Fundamentals of qualitative research: A practical guide . New York, NY: Routledge. Bryman, A. (2012). Social research methods (4 th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Ciğerci, F. M., &Güngör, F. (2016). The problems encountered by the foreign primary school students from the perspective of classroom teachers. Journal of Education and Future, 10 , 137–164. Directorate General of Migration Management. (2018). Distribution by age and gender of