References Angrist, J. (1995). The economic returns to schooling in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. American Economic Review, 85(5), 1065-1087. Arslan, C., Dumont, J.-C., Kone, Z., Moullan, Y., Ozden, C., Parsons, C.R., Xenogiani, T. (2015). A new prole of migrants in the aftermath of the recent economic crisis. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, 160, OECD Publishing. Bertoli, S., Fernandez-Huertas Moraga, J. (2013). Multilateral resistance to migration. Journal of Development Economics, 102(C
Zoltán Birkner, Tivadar Máhr, Erzsébet Péter and Nora Rodek Berkes
Globalisation “takes” its victims, which the authors believe means that the future of small- and medium-sized towns has become uncertain in Europe. The role of centres is continuously increasing, and most researchers prefer to analyse the competitiveness and innovativeness of metropolitan areas. In this study, we characterise the small- and medium-sized towns in the central–eastern European region as well as explore their possible development path. The authors are convinced that one way for these towns to survive is through strengthening of innovation abilities, which means increasing the innovation performances of economic stakeholders and new forms of interaction among other institutions in order to handle social problems. The theoretical starting point is the interpretation and presentation of the micropolitan (without big towns) regions as well as understanding the concept of technological and social innovation. As the result of the research, the innovation measurements carried out in some of the settlements will be represented. These experiences can help the small- and medium-sized towns keep up with global competition and cancel migration and erosion of intellectual potential.
. Ethnic and Racial Studies , 40 (2), 1-18. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2017.1245431 Darvas, Z., & Wolff, G. B. (2016). An anatomy of inclusive growth in Europe . Brussels: Bruegel Blueprint 26. Di Pietro, G. (2011). The Bologna process and widening participation in university education: New evidence from Italy. Empirica , 39 (3), 357-374. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s10663-011-9172-5 Docquier, F. (2018). Long-term trends in international migration: Lessons from macroeconomic model. Economics and Business Review
Abraham Osa Ehiorobo
This study examines resource allocation and utilization in Nigeria as the missing link in the nation’s quest for sustainable development. The main objective of the research is to examine how inefficient allocation and utilization of material, human and financial resources has made the attainment of sustainable development goals (SDGs) elusive in Nigeria. Given the abundant resources at the disposal of successive regimes in the country, it is difficult to explain why the citizens remain desperately poor with 70 percent living below poverty line. The excruciating poverty faced by the rural majority and the urban poor has led some people into indulging in unwholesome practices such as armed robbery, pipeline vandalism, prostitution, risky migrations, advanced fee fraud and other forms of social vices. The paper utilizes a qualitative design based on the interpretivist philosophy while the ontological orientation is subjectivism. Findings from the study indicate that there has been gross inefficiency in resource allocation and utilization in Nigeria due to corruption, ethnic prejudices, bad governance practices, absence of accountability, lack of transparency and wasteful spending on frivolous activities. Conclusion drawn from the study indicates that if proper project planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation are carried out in a transparent manner, and resources are efficiently allocated and utilized, Nigeria would be on the path to sustainable development. The paper therefore recommends that economic and technical efficiencies should be embraced in resource allocation and utilization for Nigeria to attain sustainable development goals.
Vadims Murašovs, Aleksejs Ruža, Vitālijs Raščevskis and Valērijs Dombrovskis
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