References 1. Massey, Doug S. et al. “Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal”, Population and Development Review, vol. 19, no. 3, (1993): 431-466. 2. Data are provided by the National Institute of Statistics. www.insse.ro 3. Ibidem. Aelenei Victor, The Law of State Border, volume I, Bucharest: Pro Universitaria Publishing House, 2006. Albu Alexandru D., International Migration of Work Force, Bucharest: Science and Encyclopedic Publishing House, 1976
Lucian Ioan Tarnu
References  After: K. Białek, Migracje na świecie (Migration in the World), http://www.ceo.org.pl/pl/migracje/o-migracjach [23.03.2016]  http://www.demografia.uni.lodz.pl/dlastud/migracje.pdf , [23.03.2016]  Ibid.  http://www.demografia.uni.lodz.pl/dlastud/migracje.pdf , [23.03.2016]  http://www.repatriacja.pl/ , [23.03.2016]  Cf. http://www.migrant.info.pl/Deportacja.html , [23.03.2016]  A. Staszczyk, Skutki migracji dla bezpieczeństwa wewnętrznego (Migration Consequences for Internal Security
References Andersson, HE 2015, ‘Liberal intergovernmentalism, spillover and supranational immigration policy’, Cooperation and Conflict, 0010836715597945. Andrade PG, Martin I, Vita V & Mananashvili S 2015, ‘EU cooperation with third countries in the field of migration’, Study for the European Parliament Civil Liberties Committee. Available from: <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/536469/IPOL_STU(2015)536469_EN.pdf>. [30 October 2015]. Bellon, T 2015, ‘Refugee influx could cost Germany $22
References  http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/cdp/ldc/ldc_list.pdf  http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/the-immigration-game (Tito Boeri, The Immigration Game )]  http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/People_at_risk_of_poverty_or_social_exclusion#Further_Eurostat_information  http://www.compagniadeidiritti.it/post.php?l=en&a=30  http://www.statista.com/statistics/268830/unemployment-rate-in-eu-countries/  http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/asylum-and-managed-migration
Anca Dinicu and Daniel-Sorin Constantin
://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2008:115:0013:0045:en:PDF  http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/european-agenda-migration/background-information/docs/communication_on_the_european_agenda_on_migration_en.pdf .  http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-11559451 .  http://www.agerpres.ro/flux-documentare/ .  https://www.theguardian.com/business/2010/jan/13/globalrecession-germany .  http://www.cbn.com/cbnnews/world/2011/february/frances-sarkozy-multiculturalism-has-failed/?mobile=false .  http
Mindaugas Jurkynas and Vilija Gelažauskaitė
The main aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of a potential visa waiver between the EU and the Russian Federation for the Lithuanian systems of internal, foreign affairs, customs and border control. The analysis will focus upon effects of the aforementioned visa free regime for the scope of legal and illegal migration, crime rates, the system of state border control, the organisation of police activities, the system of control of illegal migration, a financial burden for the system of asylum and general and future costs. Empirical data consists of interviews obtained at ministries of foreign affairs and the interior and the related institutions such as the Police Department, the Migration Department and the State Border Guard Service under the Ministry of the Interior, the Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance, from other officials and statistical data, official statements, and earlier studies. The study consists of five main parts: the political context for the potential visa waiver, its impact for the above-mentioned state institutions, the calculation of potential financial costs, and conclusions and recommendations. The two latter parts are to large extent future-oriented and these methodologically challenge an exact assessment of total costs of possible visa waiver. Besides, the analysis deliberately does not delve into possible benefits of EU-Russia visa freedom. The analysis unveils the negative impact of the possible visa free regime: a visa waiver would abolish the special Kaliningrad transition programme and its financing, increase general crime rates, activity of organised crime groups and potential for terrorism and human trafficking. Financial costs consisting of reduced EU financing, lost income and increased needs to strengthen public institutions would call for 16-17 million Litas in annual expenditures without additional costs and future projects worth, most likely, 40-85 million Litas.
The waves of migrants that are trying to escape from the violence of their home state become a real threat for the security environment of the European countries. Our national security forces, like police and army personnel, should take into consideration future missions that consist in face to face interrelation actions with people from other cultures. Achieving knowledge and developing cross-cultural interrelation skills, with the help of which we can overcome some barriers in communication, can make the difference as long as the force power, in its entirety, no longer represents the sole and sufficient condition to solve actual multicultural crises situations.
Since 2011 a sustainable growth of illegal immigrants in the EU has been observed. As a result, Bulgaria has become one of the most affected member states of the EU. This article aims to research the main factors, resulted from the illegal immigration, which are changing the national security environment in Bulgaria. This paper is focused on the improvement of legal and political mechanisms for cooperation between the EU member states, coming from the Common asylum and immigration policy and building of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice in the EU.
Bulletin (3/2016). In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/visegrad-bulletin-3-2016; Joint Statement of V4 Interior Ministers on the Establishment of the Migration Crisis Response Mechanism. In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/calendar/2016/joint-statement-of-v4; The Visegrad Group Joint Statement on the Western Balkans, In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/calendar/2016/the-visegrad-group-joint; Visegrad Bulletin 1 (4)/2017. Review of the most important events of the Polish V4 Presidency from December 3rd, 2016 to March 7th, 2017 - http
Andra Maria Brezniceanu
The unaccompanied or separated minor is, according to the European Union body of legislation regarding asylum and migration, one of the extremely vulnerable categories of persons, and the risk of vulnerability is amplified in the case of the unaccompanied or separated minor - asylum seeker. Ever since the EU pre-accession period Romanian legislation reconciled, according to the European model, the requirements of the rules on migration with humanism provisions in the field of child rights. The images in the media about the migratory flows in recent years have revealed a system that requires imperatively legislative changes, adapting procedures, innovative work tools, including the case of the unaccompanied minor asylum seeker. In this article I intend to analyze the existing legislative framework in Romania, highlighting the positive aspects of the law and those which I believe that should be reconsidered so that the interests of the minor in the asylum procedure to be properly protected.