References Andersson, HE 2015, ‘Liberal intergovernmentalism, spillover and supranational immigration policy’, Cooperation and Conflict, 0010836715597945. Andrade PG, Martin I, Vita V & Mananashvili S 2015, ‘EU cooperation with third countries in the field of migration’, Study for the European Parliament Civil Liberties Committee. Available from: <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/536469/IPOL_STU(2015)536469_EN.pdf>. [30 October 2015]. Bellon, T 2015, ‘Refugee influx could cost Germany $22
://www.delfi.lt/sveikata/zinotisveika/suskaiciavo-kiek-lietuvai-kainuos-pabegeliu-gydymopaslaugos.d?id=69042960 ELTA 2015. ‘Išmokos pabėgėliams sumažintos per pusę’ [Welfare for the refugees was cut in half] at http://www.delfi.lt/news/daily/lithuania/ismokospabegeliams-sumazintos-per-puse.d?id=69667072 ELTA 2015b. ‘Pabėgėlių priėmimui kitąmet numatoma skirti per 6 milijonus eurų’ [Next year more than 6 million euros are allocated for the incoming refugees] http://www.delfi.lt/news/daily/lithuania/pabegeliupriemimui-kitamet-numatoma-skirti-per-6-mlneuru.d?id=69328554 EMN (European Migration Network) Focused Study. 2013. The
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Aija Lulle and Elza Ungure
Union 2014, EASO at https://easo.europa.eu/wpcontent/uploads/EASO-Annual-Report-2014.pdf, accessed on 25.11.2015. Eglite, Parsla and Krisjane, Zaiga. 2009. ‘Dimensions and effects of labour migration to EU countries: the case of Latvia’ in Galgoczi, Bela, Leschke, Janine and Watt, Andrew, eds., EU labour migration since enlargement: Trends, impacts and policies. London: Ashgate. EMN. 2010. Comparative EU Study on Unaccompanied Minors, Synthesis report of 22 countries at http
Viljar Veebel and Illimar Ploom
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Kristian Nielsen and Heiko Paabo
Narratives and Diverging Civil Enculturation in Majority and Minority Schools in Estonia and Latvia’, Journal of Baltic Studies, 41, 3, pp. 315-329. Hughes, J. (2005) ‘Exit in Deeply Divided Societies: Regimes of Discrimination in Estonia and Latvia and the Potential for Russophone Migration’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 43, 4, pp. 739-762. Ikstens, J. (2006), ‘Eastern Slavic Political Parties in Latvia’, in Muizneks, N. (ed), Lavian-Russian Relations: Domestic and International Dimensions, (Riga, LU Akadēmiskais apgāds), pp. 41
Ana Bojinović Fenko and Zlatko Šabič
The article focuses on the interconnectedness of foreign policy environments to explain Slovenia’s opportunities and constraints for foreign policy action. During the period of pre-independence para-diplomacy, the building of an internal and external domestic environment successfully turned constraints (no international recognition) into opportunities (applying for membership of European and global intergovernmental organizations). In the second period - post-recognition - considering the absence of a strategic foreign policy document, the Slovenian internal foreign policy environment became a major constraint to seize foreign environment opportunities. This affected Slovenia’s accomplishments, notably after NATO and EU memberships were achieved in 2004. Although the Slovenian internal environment matured during the following period to adopt, in 2015, a comprehensive foreign policy strategy the recent turn in world politics (especially the European financial and economic crisis and the migration crisis) created for the first time a foreign environment for Slovenia that offered many fewer opportunities and far more constraints.
Dario Malnar and Ana Malnar
References Bergouignan, C., and Blayo, C., 2011. Raseljavanje stanovništva Kosova tokom sukoba iz 1999. godine, Migracije, krize i ratni sukobi na Balkanu s kraja 20. Veka. Ur.: Goran Penev, Društvo demografa Srbije, DémoBalk, Beograd. 101-121. Bobeva, D., 1996. Bulgaria. In: T. Frejka (ed.), International Migration in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, 37-47. New York and Geneva: United Nations. Bonifazi, C., and Mamolo, M., 2004. Past and current trends of Balkan migrations
Lidija Čehulić Vukadinović, Monika Begović and Luka Jušić
After the collapse of the bipolar international order, NATO has been focused on its desire to eradicate Cold War divisions and to build good relations with Russia. However, the security environment, especially in Europe, is still dramatically changing. The NATO Warsaw Summit was focused especially on NATO’s deteriorated relations with Russia that affect Europe’s security. At the same time, it looked at bolstering deterrence and defence due to many concerns coming from eastern European allies about Russia’s new attitude in international relations. The Allies agreed that a dialogue with Russia rebuilding mutual trust needs to start. In the times when Europe faces major crisis from its southern and south-eastern neighbourhood - Western Balkan countries, Syria, Libya and Iraq - and other threats, such as terrorism, coming from the so-called Islamic State, causing migration crises, it is necessary to calm down relations with Russia. The article brings out the main purpose of NATO in a transformed world, with the accent on Europe, that is constantly developing new security conditions while tackling new challenges and threats.
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