tropic-step fractionation of suspension-feeding species: Implications for food partitioning in coastal ecosystems , J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. , 351 , 121-28 Dupras T. L., H. P. Schwarcz, 2001, Strangers in a strange land: Stable isotope evidence for human migration in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt , J. Archaeol. Sci. , 28 , 1199-208 Edward J. B., R. A. Benfer, 1993, The effect of diagenesis on the Paloma skeletal material , [in:] Investigations of Ancient Human Tissue: Chemical Analyses in Anthropology , M. K
Sławomir Kozieł, Anna Lipowicz and Stanley J. Ulijaszek
References Bentham G. 1988. Migration and mobility: implications for geographical studies of disease. Soc Sci Med 26:49-54. Bielicki T, Szklarska A, Welon Z, Brajczewski C. 1997. Nierówności społeczne w Polsce: antropologiczne badania poborowych w trzydziestoleciu 1965-1995. Wrocław: Monografie Zakładu Antropologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk 16. Bogin B. 1988. Rural-to-urban migration. In: Mascie-Taylor CGN, Lasker GW, editors. Biological Aspects of Human Migration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 99
Krzysztof Szostek, Katarzyna Mądrzyk and Beata Cienkosz-Stepańczak
References Andrew Royle J, Rubenstein DR. 2004. The role of species abundance in determining breeding origins of migratory birds with stable isotopes. Ecol Appl 14(6):1780–88. Andrushko VA, Buzon MR, Simonetti A, Creaser RA. 2009. Strontium isotope evidence for prehistoric migration at Chokepukio, Valley of Cuzco, Peru. Lat Am Antiq 57–75. Anthony DW. 1990. Migration in archeology: The baby and the bathwater. Am Anthropol 92(4):895–914. Audi G, Bersillon O, Blachot J, Wapstra AH. 2003. The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties
A systematic review of the studies on hemoglobin E in Northeast India has been carried out to understand the magnitude of research undertaken on this aspect during the last seven decades. Owing to the high prevalence of hemoglobin E in this part of India different authors have studied this hemoglobin from different perspectives and found conflicting results. However a systematic review of such studies is lacking from a holistic point of view. Most of the epidemiological, in vitro as well as in vivo studies show signatures of selection with this hemoglobin locus. However, how this polymorphism is maintained at different rates at different geographical region is still a matter of contention. This review will fill the gap from all perspectives starting from the frequency distribution of hemoglobin E and its spread in different parts of Northeast India, its relationship with malaria hypothesis, the population migration, population affinity and most importantly the health implication arising out of it. A probable origin of hemoglobin E among an Austroasiatic population of Northeast India has been postulated with the help of advance molecular anthropological knowledge like the deep rooted markers of mt DNA and Y-chromosome haplotypes.
Ramesh Sahani, Rajesh K. Gautam, Amir H. Golnabi and Neeraj Vedwan
The indigenous islanders of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are representing the earliest form of developmental stage, their nutritional assessment and anthropometric comparison with contemporary populations are the main objective of the present paper. In this study we present a cross sectional analysis of anthropometric data of 2010 individuals of 19 different groups. The data were collected by the trained anthropologists of Anthropological Survey of India, following standard techniques and ethical guidelines. It was found that the Indigenous Islanders have small body size as compared to immigrants and counterparts. The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) was found highest among the mainlanders. Highest prevalence of overweight was found among Great Andamanese (18.2%), followed by Onge (7.4%). Individuals below 21 years of age were not found to be overweight or obese. On the other side, 16.7% of individual of age 41+ of local born were found to be overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2). It can be concluded that the Indigenous people of the Islands are short in stature and nutritionally better than immigrants. The immigrants are better than their counterparts in the mainland, but still they are not able to reach at par of the indigenous people in the level of nutrition whereas logarithmic transformation of data and scaling exponent (β) of weight to height was found ~2 across these populations.
Jagmahender Singh Sehrawat and Jaspreet Kaur
bone cholesterol, collagen and apatite: implications for their use in palaeodietary reconstruction. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 68(1):61–72. Keenleyside A, Schwarcz HP, Panayotova K. 2011. Oxygen isotopic evidence of residence and migration in a Greek colonial population on the Black Sea. J Archaeol Sci 38(10): 2658–66. Kenoyer JM, Price TD, Burton JH. 2013. A new approach to tracking connections between the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia: initial results of strontium isotope analyses from Harappa and Ur. J Archaeol Sci 40(5):2286–97. Knudson KJ, Pestle WJ
Aleksandra Lisowska-Gaczorek, Beata Cienkosz-Stepańczak and Krzysztof Szostek
the interpretation of stable isotopic proxy data present and past: a European perspective. Quaternary Sci Rev 23:743-70. Daux V, Lécuyer C, Héran MA, Amiot R, Simon L, Fourel F, et al. 2008. Oxygen isotope fractionation between human phosphate and water revisited. J Hum Evol 55:1138-47. Dupras TL, Schwarcz HP. 2001. Strangers in a strange land: stable isotope evidence for human migration in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt. J Archaeol Sci 28:1199-208. Evans J, Stoodley N, Chenery C. 2006. A strontium and oxygen isotope
Subadult growth and health have been analyzed in three cemetery samples from medieval Poland, including two early-urban sites: Cedynia dated to the 10t-14th centuries AD, and Ostrów Lednicki dated to the 13th-15th centuries AD, and a rural site Słaboszewo dated to the 14th-17th centuries AD. The nutritional status was not expected to have substantially differed among the settlements, due to the culturally induced undiversified diet of children, and predominant share of medium-to-low status individuals. However, city life and village life were supposed to differ in factors correlated with the spread of infections, and as such it was expected to find significant differences in respiratory health among early-urban and rural dwellers.The prevalences of diet-dependent diseases, scurvy and rickets, were found to be statistically indistinguishable among the three studied populations, while higher frequency of skeletal signs of poor respiratory health was observed in early-urban Cedynia than rural Słaboszewo. Slightly lower prevalences of skeletal stress indicators were found for the rural than the early-urban site. Skeletal growth profiles and the dynamics of long bone growth were found to be remarkably similar for the early-urban samples (Cedynia and Ostrów Lednicki), with the rural subadults having the shortest diaphyseal lengths, and lower growth dynamics.It can be concluded that adverse factors associated with the urban settlement were more detrimental to respiratory health than those in the village. A variety of factors are potentially responsible for this pattern, including population density, building structure, quality of air and water, sanitation, and occupation. Perhaps, the key factor in response to environmental and socio-cultural constraints was the stability of living conditions in the village, which allowed the inhabitants to develop sufficient adaptive mechanisms. In contrast, the history of strongholds such as Cedynia was changeable due to political situation, military threats and migrations of people.
Sławomir Kozieł, Dariusz P. Danel, Antonina Dziedzic-Danel and Monika Zaręba
deliveries. N Engl J Med 341(13): 943–8. Crognier E. 1977. Marriages, migrations and the biological population in a Sara tribe from Chad. J Hum Evol 6(2):159–168. Crow JF. 1998. 90 Years Ago: The Beginning of Hybrid Maize. Genetics 148(3):923–8. de Araujo AM, Salzano FM. 1975. Parental characteristics and birthweight in a Brazilian population. Hum Biol 47(1):37–43. Dell Inc. 2016. Dell Statistica (data analysis software system), version 13. software.dell.com. Dobzhansky T. 1970. Genetics of the Evolutionary Process. New York, London: Columbia
.E. Buikstra, 1998, Tiwanaku "Colonization": Bioarchaeological Implications for Migration in the Moquegua Valley, Peru , World Archaeology, 30 , 238-61 Buikstra J.E., D.H. Uberlaker, 1994, Standards for the recording of human skeletal remains , Seminar at the Field Museum of Natural History 44, Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Series Delfino A., 1948, Alteraciones dento-maxilares intencionales de carater etnico-nuevo clasificacion , Revista del Museo de La Plata, Buenos Aires Dingwall E