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Jaroslav Mihálik and Matúš Jankoľa

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Blondel, Jean. Political leadership: Towards a General Analysis . London & Beverly Hills: SAGE, 1987. 2. Burns, MacGregor James. Leadership. New York: Perennial, 1978. 3. Hartliński, Maciej. “Contemporary “Prince.” Influence, the Position and Authority of Party Leaders.” South-East European Journal of Political Science 1:4 (2013): 131–146. 4. Kellerman, Barbara. Political Leadership: A Source Book . Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1986. 5. Malangone, Alexandra. “Slovak Migration Policy Poisoned by

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Mykola Inshyn and Olena Moskalenko

años del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte” (Labor migration of the US and Mexico twenty years after the North American Free Trade Agreement). Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales Vol. 60 (2015): 279–313 // DOI: 10.1016/S0185-1918(15)30011-8. 4. Chmielewska Iza, Grzegorz Dobroczek, and Adam Panuciak. Obywatele Ukrainy pracujący w Polsce – raport z badania. Badanie zrealizowane w 2017 r. (Citizens of Ukraine working in Poland – study report. The study carried out in 2017). Warszawa: Departament Statystyki NBP, 2018. 5

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Viktorija Rusinaitė

://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/transnational . 27. Ouyang, Jessica, and Kathleen McKeown. “Modelling Reportable Events as Turning Points in Narrative”: 2149–2158. In: 2015 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing . Lisbon, Portugal: 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics, 2015. 28. Padbiarozkin, Maxim. “The Development of NGOs in Belarus.” The BEARR Trust Newsletter No. 58 (2012): 13–14 // http://www.bearr.org/pdfs/bearrnews_no58_WEB.pdf . 29. Papastergiadis, Nikos. The Turbulence of Migration: Globalization, Deterritorialization and Hybridity . Wiley, 2013

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Leonas Tolvaišis

Ethnic Minority Policies and Political Parties' Appeal to Ethnic Voters: A Case Study of Estonia's Russians

Focusing on a case study of Estonia's major political parties' relations with the ethnic Russian electorate, the article examines the role of ethnic minority policies in the electoral appeal of nation-wide parties towards the ethnic minority electorate, attempting to assess whether pursuing efficient minority-related policies is a necessary precondition for a nation-wide party achieving electoral success among ethnic voters, and whether the migration of an ethnic minority electorate from ethnic parties to mainstream parties can be considered a sign of successful accommodation. Applying the theoretical concept of "informational shortcuts", the article assesses persuasion strategies employed by Estonian political parties in their appeal towards the minority electorate, exemplifying the ways in which mainstream political parties can consolidate their monopoly over ethnic voters without prioritizing special minority-related policies.

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Lyra Jakulevičienė and Mantas Bileišis

, Philippe de, and Evangelia Lilian Tsourdi. “In search of fairness in responsibility sharing.” Forced Migration Review 51 (2016): 61–64. 7. Capon, Felicity. “Germany drops EU rule in order to welcome Syrian asylum seekers.” Newsweek (August 2015) // http://europe.newsweek.com/germany-drops-eu-rule-order-welcome-syrian-asylum-seekers-332020 . 8. Di Filippo, Marcello. “From Dublin to Athens: A Plea for a Radical Rethinking of the Allocation of Jurisdiction in Asylum Procedures.” Policy Brief, International Institute of Humanitarian Law (January 2016

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Robertas Pukenis

The Role of EU Law and Christian Values in Preserving National Identity in the Context of Globalisation

The aim of this article is to analyse how in the globalisation process small nations appear in danger of disappearing. Can law protect national identity when the state is in the European Union?

Globalisation together with the economic interests of states touches other spheres of society: national internal policy, education, mass media, the policy of family, migration. The birth rate in families in such big nations as Germany, France, and Italy is small. If numerous Italians, French, Polish, and Russians are worried about the constantly decreasing number of their inhabitants, no doubt that small nations are in danger of assimilation.

The European Union is an unprecedented formation of law: states retain their independence and at the same time people by their free will limit the sovereignty of a state. The 57th Article of the EU Constitution clearly states that "the Law of the Union is higher than the national [law]." It is as if the European States are united in the form of a federation, though the concept of a federation state cannot be applied strictly. The first condition for each new candidate state is to be a democratic and law-based state. The law-based state means legal elections, authorities elected by the people, separation of three state functions (legislative, executive and judicial), respect for human rights, protection of the rights of national and religious minorities. Good relations with neighbours are always appreciated. The new EU constitution contains 400 pages. The Constitutional Agreement or EU Constitution was approved by the Council of the European Union in June of 2004. Each state ratifies the Agreement. Some EU countries plan the referendums. The Parliament of Lithuania refused the referendum. It was planned that the Agreement will come into force in 2009. The Constitution of the EU requires that the National Governments of Member States will not interfere in implementing the aims of the Union. The 58th Article deals with loyalty to the Union. The institutions established by the EU work with human points of view and have a society model which is supported by the majority of the citizens.

In this article an attempt will also be made to evaluate the role of Christianity and its values for the legal system of the EU as well as for preserving national identity.

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Stefan Kirchner

. [No author named]. "Migration-viele Gründe, viele Grenzen [Migration-many reasons, many borders]": 16 et seq. In: Alain Gresh, Jean Radvanyi, Philippe Rekacewicz, Catherine Samary, and Dominique Vidal, eds. Atlas der Globalisierung [Atlas of Globalisation]. 2 nd ed. Paris: Le Monde diplomatique, 2010. [No author named]. "Mudarabah [Mudarabah]" // http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mudarabah [No author named]. "Murabaha" // http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murabaha [No author named]. "Obama

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Priit Suve, Peeter Selg and Georg Sootla

and Performance in the Administrative Field of the Ministry of the Interior’s Vice-Chancellor of the Policy of Law and Order, and Migration) . Tallinn, 2012 [in Estonian]. 71. Stone, Christopher, and Jeremy Travis. “Toward a New Professionalism in Policing.” New Perspectives in Policing (March, 2011). 72. Triantafillou, Peter. “Addressing Network Governance through the Concepts Of Governmentality and Normalization.” Administrative Theory & Praxis Vol. 26, No. 4 (2004): 489-508. 73. Virta, Sirpa. “Governing Urban Security in Finland: Towards the

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Kaisa Kotakorpi and Tuomas Matikka

have not accounted for the possibility of tax-motivated emigration in our calculations. If high taxes were to cause a significant proportion of high-income individuals to emigrate, this would call for lower tax rates at the top ( Brewer et al . 2010 ). There is relatively little empirical evidence on the effects of taxation on migration decisions to date ( Kleven et al . 2014 ). Piketty and Saez (2013) conclude that the migration elasticity is likely to be fairly low in most countries. Furthermore, in Finland, the migration elasticity is likely to be lower than

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Lennart Flood and Nizamul Islam

. Edited by Anders Klevmarken and Björn Lindgren. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Howard House UK, pp. 55–83, ISBN 978-0-444-53253-4. Flood Lennart R. Anders Klevmarken Björn Lindgren 2008 “SESIM: A Swedish Micro-Simulation Model,” Simulating an Ageing Population: A Microsimulation Approach Applied to Sweden Emerald Group Publishing Limited Howard House UK 55 83 ISBN 978-0-444-53253-4 Flood, Lennart R. and Joakim Ruist (2015), “Migration, en åldrande befolkning och offentliga finanser,” Appendix 6 to the Long Term Economic Survey 2015, Swedish government report SOU