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Puyou Jia, Rui Wang, Lihong Hu, Meng Zhang and Yonghong Zhou

for poly(vinyl chloride). ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 3(9), 2187–2193. DOI:10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b00449. 6. Lindstrom, A. & Hakkarainen. M. (2007). Migration resistant polymeric plasticizer for poly(vinyl chloride). J. Appl. Polym. Sci . 104, 2458–2467. DOI: 10.1002/app.24777. 7. Latini, G., De, F.C. & Verrotti, A. (2004). Plasticizers, infant nutrition and reproductive health. Reprod. Toxicol . 19, 27–33. DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2004.05.011. 8. Coltro, L., Pitta, J.B. & Madaleno. E. (2013). Performance evaluation of new plasticizers for

Open access

Hanqing Tong and Jinping Hai

poly(vinylchloride). Polym. Eng. Sci . 55 (3), 634–640. DOI: 10.1002/pen.23934. 20. Jia, P., Zhang, M., Hu, L., Feng, G., Bo, C. & Zhou, Y. (2015). Synthesis and application of environmental castor oil based polyol ester plasticizers for poly (vinyl chloride). ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 3, 2187–2193. DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b00449. 21. Gamage, P.K. & Farid, A.S. (2011). Migration of novel epoxidized neem oil as plasticizer from PVC: Experimental design approach. J. Appl. Polym. SCI. 121(2), 823–838. DOI: 10.1002/app.33554. 22. Yang, B., Bai Y

Open access

Aleksandra Sambo and Arkadiusz Szymanek

Abstract

The paper presents investigation results of the migration of a chemical compound contained in fly ash deposited on a dry furnace waste landfill site exposed to weather conditions. Climate conditions are able to significantly affect chemical component distribution in a block of deposited, moving chemical compounds to different depths. The main aim of the investigations was to determine the chemical component distribution of deposited fly ash in the landfill. Identification of chemical components based on XRF analysis indicated the existence of differences in both tested storage layer and the fraction of fly ash.

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Piotr Grzesiak, Joanna Łukaszyk, Elżbieta Gabała, Joanna Kurczewska and Grzegorz Schroeder

LITERATURE CITED 1. Krämerm, U., Talke, I.N. & Hanikenne, M. (2007). Transition metal transport. Fed. Eur. Biochem. Soc. Lett . 581, 2263–2272. DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2007.04.010. 2. Dube, A., Zbytniewski, R., Kowalkowski, T., Cukrowska, E. & Buszewski, B. (2011). Adsorption and Migration of Heavy Metals in Soil Reviews. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 10, 1–10. 3. Jadia, C.D. & Fulekar, M.H. (2009). Phytoremediation of heavy metals. Recent techniques. Afr. J. Biotechnol . 8, 921–928. DOI: 0.5897/AJB2009.000-9152. 4. Allaway, W.H. (1968

Open access

Fei Song, Haoyu Xia, Puyou Jia, Meng Zhang, Lihong Hu and Yonghong Zhou

. 3. Choi, W., Chung, J.W. & Kwak, S. (2014). Unentangled starshape poly(ε-caprolactone)s as phthalate-free PVC plasticizers designed for non-toxicity and improved migration resistance. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 6 (14), 11118-11128. DOI: 10.1021/am500740v. 4. Ventrice, P., Ventrice, D., Russo, E. & De. Sarro., G. (2013). Phthalates: European regulation, chemistry, pharmacokinetic and related toxicity. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 36 (1):88-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.etap.2013.03.014. 5. Gardner, S.T., Wood, A.T., Lester, R., Onkst

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Andrzej Obraniak and Tadeusz Gluba

Abstract

Analysis of granulation kinetics was carried out using a laboratory disc granulator with a diameter D of 0.5 m. A liquid binder was delivered to the tumbling bed at a constant flow rate with a nozzle generating droplets with a size of approx. 4-5 mm. Fine-grained chalk was used as a model of raw material and water or disaccharide solution with concentrations of 20 - 40% as a wetting liquid. Different times of droplet delivery ranging from 2 to 6 min were utilized. Granulometric composition of the bed for selected lengths of process, bed moisture and the moisture of individual size-fractions were assessed. Mass of granulated material, which was transferred from nuclei fraction to other size fractions was determined on the basis of mass balance analysis and the assessment of liquid migration between fractions. The influence of disaccharide concentration in wetting liquid on the aforementioned phenomena was also examined.

Open access

Janusz A. Szpaczyński, Jeffrey A. White and Caroline L. Côté

. J. Glaciol., 26(94), 291-301. Corte A.E., 1962. Vertical migration of particles in front of a moving freezing plane. J. Geophys. Res., 67, 1085-1090. DOI: 10.1029/JZ067i003p01085. Cragin J.H., 1993. Elution of ions from melting snow. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. CRREL Report, 93-8. Cragin J.H., 1995. Exclusion of sodium chloride from ice during freezing. 52nd Eastern Snow Conference. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dawson R..F., Sego D.C., Pollock G.W., 1999. Freeze-thaw dewatering

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Puyou Jia, Meng Zhang, Lihong Hu and Yonghong Zhou

.D., Tcharkhtchi, A., Sautereau, H. (2011). Epoxy as a reactive plasticizer for improving polycarbonate processibility. Eur. Polym. J. 47, 1578–1588. DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2011.05.005. 10. Xu, Q., Yin, X., Wang, M., Wang, H., Zhang, N. & Shen. (2010). Analysis of phthalate migration from plastic containers to packaged cooking oil and mineral water. J. Agr. Food Chem. 58, 11311–11317. DOI: 10.1021/jf102821h. 11. Ioannis, S., Arvanitoyannis, K. & Kotsanopoulos, V. (2012). Smoking of fish and feafood: History, Methods and Effects on Physical, Nutritional and

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Beata Stasińska and Andrzej Machocki

. Nawrat S.: Możliwości wykorzystania metanu z powietrza wentylacyjnego podziemnych kopalń węgla, Bezpieczeństwo Pracy i Ochrona Środowiska w Górnictwie, 2006 , No 5, 16 - 20. Nawrat S., Szlązak N., Jakubow A.: Klimatyzacja centralna w KWK "Pniówek" Jastrzębskiej Spółki Węglowej S.A. - pierwsza w Polsce, Proccedings of the 7th International Mine Ventilation Congress, June 17 - 22. Su Shi, Beath A., Guo H., Mallett C.: An assessment of mine methane migration and utilisation technologies, Progress in Energy and

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Czesława Rosik-Dulewska, Teresa Krzyśko-Łupicka, Tomasz Ciesielczuk and Łukasz Kręcidło

. 17, 12, 1655-1661. 22. Wójcikowska-Kapusta, A., Pranagal, J. & Oleszczuk, P. (2007). Content and migration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in different soils used. Ecol. Chem. Eng. 14, S2, 233-243. 23. Wilcke, W., Muller, S., Kanchanakool, N., Niamskul, C. & Zech, W. (1999). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in hydromorphic soils of the tropical metropolis Bangkok. Geoderma. 91, 297-309. 24. Lewkiewicz-Małysa, A., Rogowska-Kwas, R. & Winid, B. (2008). Reduction of environmentally hazardous hydrocabon content