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Migration of Graduates Within a Sequential Decision Framework: Evidence from Poland

1 Introduction The goal of this paper is to better understand the drivers of interregional migration of well-educated individuals. Human capital is commonly considered as an important factor of economic growth. Economic theory assumes that human capital affects growth by influencing labour productivity ( Lucas 1988 ) and by determining the ability of the economy to innovate ( Nelson and Phelps 1966 ). Numerous empirical research studies have confirmed the positive effect of human capital stock and its quality on growth rates at both country and regional level

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The Fiscal Effects of Economic Immigration on Subnational Government Finance in Poland

R eferences Auerbach, A.J., Oreopoulos, P. (1999). Analyzing the Fiscal Impact of U.S. Immigration. American Economic Review, 89 (2), 176-180. Bodvarsson, Ö.B., Van den Berg, H. (2013). The Economics of Immigration: Theory and Policy . New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London: Springer. Chan, J. (2018). The Effect of Immigration on Local Public Finances . Retrieved from: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2976525 . Dustmann, Ch., Frattini, T., Halls, C. (2010). Assessing the Fiscal Costs and Benefits of A8 Migration to the UK. Fiscal Studies, 31

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Investment Activity of Local Administrative Units and the Level of Entrepreneurship Development in the Rzeszów Functional Area

number of enterprises and gmina income − total and own income ( Tab. 1 ). Tab. 1 Selected indicators characterising ROF in 2016 Specification Area Population Enterprises Gmina total income Gmina own income in km 2 ROF = 100% Number 2012 = 100 Net migration per 1000 population Number 2012 = 100 in million zl 2012 = 100 in million zl in % of total income PODKARPACKIE 17,846 2127,656 99.9 -0.8 148,369 107.9 6,608.6 127.9 2,338.4 35.4 ROF 1048 100% 363,680 102.7 5.1 35269 115

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External Costs of Opencast Brown Coal Mining in Agriculture and Agri-Food Industry (on the Example of Wielkopolska)

Oczkowice deposit is located in the region with a complex geological structure resulting, inter alia, from the existence of deep tectonic trenches ( Deczkowski and Gajewska 1980 , 152, Widera 2007 ), as well as the occurrence of highly mineralized groundwater under coal seams ( Łaszcz-Filakowa 1978 , 29–127, Przybyłek 1986 , 146, Przybyłek and Górski 2016, 185), which favours the migration of these waters ( Bojarski 1996 ). Due to the fact that in 2018, the mine exploitation project was not yet developed, in this report, the basis for calculating external costs for

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Migration and Welfare Systems – State of the Art and Research Challenges

1 Introduction Immigration has been a heavily disputed subject in developed countries for many years, and it became a pivotal one in the last decade. Among questions regarding race, culture or language, economic dimension lately became one of the most frequently discussed. Immigration is alleged to have significant impact on the labour market, real estate prices or industrial output. Additionally, questions about the fiscal effects of migration and its impact on the welfare state appear more often in the policy debate. There are at least three reasons for

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Competitiveness and Development of Local Communities in the Republic of Srpska

SUMMARY

There is no universal model of local economic development. Development strategies vary from country to country, city to city, and depend on the level of development, political system, development potential, social values, available resources, etc. Republic of Srpska faces with significant differences in the level of development of its territory. Local communities in the Republic of Srpska are increasingly facing with several obligations - providing support to business, creating a favorable business environment for attracting investment and providing an adequate infrastructure. The biggest problems that most of municipalities in the Republic of Srpska encounter are reflected in the emptying of cities, the departure of young people, low average wages and high unemployment rates. They are trying to solve these problems by attracting investments. However, it is very important to say that an effective investment policy must be based on the creation of new enterprises with capitalintensive production. The average wage level in local communities of the Republic of Srpska is low, due to the fact that most of the investments have a labor-intensive character. The subject and aim of this paper is to determine the competitiveness and level of development of local communities in the Republic of Srpska. Municipal competitiveness will be higher if it has a positive trade balance, higher average wages, high natural increase, low unemployment rate and positive migration. Higher natural increase, favorable trade balance and low unemployment rate are in direct correlation with the degree of local development. The results of the research have shown that the key problems of underdeveloped municipalities in the Republic of Srpska are demographic aging, population migration, underdeveloped infrastructure, high unemployment rates, low average wages, low level of investment, low export activity, weak institutional capacities, etc.

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Violence Against Female Citizens and Female Immigrants in Some Countries Worldwide: Challenges and Solutions

Turkey: numerical analysis of data. International Scientific Journal World Scientific News, Vol. 90, pp. 88-100, Nov. 2017, Katowice, Poland. 8. Koshulko, O. (2017). Slavic women in Turkey: from past to present. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium “Geçmişten Günümüze Göç - Migration from Past to Present,” organized by Canik Municipality together with History Studies Journal, (pp. 2117-2124), Canik, Samsun, Turkey, February 17-19. 9. Koshulko, O. (2016). Women from North move to South: Contemporary migration from the Former Soviet Union

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Understanding the Informal Economy in Practice – Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Herzegovina. Journal of Refugee Studies. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fey066 . Harris, J.R., Todaro, M.P. (1970). Migration, Unemployment and Development: A Two-Sector Analysis. American Economic Review, 60 (1), 126-142. International Labour Organization. (2002). Decent Work and the Informal Economy. Informal Labour Conference. Kim, B.Y. (2005). Poverty and Informal Economy Participation - Evidence from Romania. Economics of Transition, 13 (1), 163-185. Klaric, V. (2010). Estimating the Size of Non-observed Economy in Croatia Using the MIMIC

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Growth Patterns in Global Regions: Do Specific Success Factors Make a Difference?

Lesage, J., Pace, R., 2010, Introduction to Spatial Econometrics, Springer Verlag Lesage, J. P., 1998. Spatial Econometrics, The Web Book of Regional Science, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV Lucas, R.E., 1988. “On the Mechanics of Economic Development“, Journal of Monetary Economics 22, 3-42 Lucas, R., 2008. “International Labour Migration in a Globalizing Economy”, Carnegie paper n. 92 Mohl, P, Hagen, T, 2010. “Do EU structural funds promote regional growth? New evidence from various panel data

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