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Sateesh Suthari, Boda Ravi Kiran and Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad

Abstract

Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) grows abundantly in polluted Peri-urban Greater Hyderabad, India. It is collected at no cost and sold in the market as a leafy vegetable in the name of “Ceylon Spinach”. The plant accumulates iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) in roots and leaves. Soil samples were analyzed for pH, EC, available nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) and showed significant metal concentrations of Pb, Mn and Zn, which varied from one location to another. The metal accumulation order in the plants is root>leaf>stem in all the studied sites. The results revealed that the massive roots of alligator weed are effective in the bioconcentrating Fe, Mn, Zn, Pb and Cd, although the plant parts are rich in nutraceuticals like phenolics and antioxidants. Therefore, low income community prefers to consume it as vegetable. However, its consumption as a leafy vegetable can cause health risks.

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Antonio Malvasi, Andrea Tinelli, Domenico Baldini, Rossana G. Iannitti and Bernard Fioretti

Mellitus With Antenatal Oral Inositol Supplementation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes Care. 2017 Jun;40(6):759-763. 8. Brown J, Crawford TJ. Dietary supplementation with myo-inositol in women during pregnancy for treating gestational diabetes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Sep 7;9:CD012048. 9. Malvasi A, Casciaro F. Myo-inositol, D-chiro-inositol, folic acid and manganese in second trimester of pregnancy: a preliminary investigation. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2014;18(2):270-4 10. Singh CK, Kumar A. Diabetic

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Niyazi Acer, Nazan Dolu, Gokmen Zararsiz, Mehmet Sait Dogan, Kazim Gumus, Sevgi Ozmen, Ali Yucel Kara, Handan Soysal, Huseyin Per and Mehmet Bilgen

, Evans A, Mazziotta J, Mori S. Atlas-based whole brain white matter analysis using large deformation diffeomorphic metric mapping: application to normal elderly and Alzheimer’s disease participants. Neuroimage 2009; 46(2): 486-99. 23. Ennis DB, Kindlmann G. Orthogonal tensor invariants and the analysis of diffusion tensor magnetic resonance images. Magn Reson Med 2006; 55(1): 136-46. 24. Bilgen M. Imaging corticospinal tract connectivity in injured rat spinal cord using manganese-enhanced MRI. BMC Medical Imaging 2006; 6

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Anthony Singer, Eleni Markoutsa, Alya Limayem, Subhra Mohapatra and Shyam S. Mohapatra

antitumor activity of gemcitabine loaded thermosensitive liposomal nanoparticles and mild hyperthermia in pancreatic cancer. Int J Adv Res 2015; 3:859-874. 53. Affram K, Udofot O, Agyare E. Cytotoxicity of gemcitabine-loaded thermosensitive liposomes in pancreatic cancer cell lines. Integr Cancer Sci Ther 2015; 2:133-142. 54. Howell M, Mallela J, Wang C, Ravi S, Dixit S, Garapati U, Mohapatra S. Manganese-loaded lipid-micellar theranostics for simultaneous drug and gene delivery to lungs. J Control Release 2013; 167