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Mihaela Posea, Andreea Dragomir and Gabriela Radulian

Abstract

Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to document the eating habits of normal weight and obese patients in order to implement a new and healthier lifestyle. Material and Methods: We evaluated the intake of energy and that of vitamins and minerals in a sample of 199 normal weight and obese subjects. We also performed anthropometric's measurements, paraclinic’s and laboratory’s tests. Results: The mean intake of vitamins and minerals is significantly different for B1 and B3 vitamins and for iron, phosphorus, copper and selenium. Vitamins like B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C and A vitamin and minerals like, zinc, manganese, phosphorus and selenium are over consumed in both groups. Regarding the sodium’s intake, only 37.04% of normal weight patients fulfill the recommendations of less than 2 g/day. The prevalence of a high fat diet is about 59.29% in normal weight people and 60.69% among obese ones. Only 25% of normal weight patients had normal abdominal circumference and 58.47% of obese subjects had normal HDL-cholesterol levels. Conclusions: Regardless the body mass index (BMI) status, neither normal weight subjects nor the obese ones' had an adequate micronutrient intake. Also, there is a high prevalence of high sodium’s intake and a high fat diet among the normal weight patients.

Open access

Farid Berroukeche, Nassima Mokhtari-Soulimane, Asmahan Imessaoudene, Ahmed Sabri Cherrak, Pascale Ronot, Anne Boos, Amina Belhandouz, Hafida Merzouk and Mourad Elhabiri

overload on manganese, zinc, and copper concentration in rat tissues in vivo: study of liver, spleen, and brain. Int J Clin Lab Res 28: 183-186, 1998. 45. SandstroÈm B . Micronutrient interactions: effects on absorption and bioavailability. Br J Nutr 85: S181-S185, 2001. 46. Johnson WT, Evans GW . Effects of the interrelationship between dietary protein and minerals on tissue content of trace metals in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. J Nutr 114: 180-190, 1984. 47. Raz I, Adler J, Havivi E . Altered tissue content of trace metals in diabetic

Open access

M. M. I. Abdalla

, Addison ML, Bloom SR, Bell JD. Peptide YY 3-36 and pancreatic polypeptide diff erentially regulate hypothalamic neuronal activity in mice in vivo as measured by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. J Neuroendocrinol 23, 371-380, 2011. Hare KJ. Role of GLP-1 induced glucagon suppression in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dan Med Bull 57, B4181, 2010. Hargrave SL, Kinzig KP. Repeated gastric distension alters food intake and neuroendocrine profi les in rats. Physiol Behav 105, 975-981, 2012. Herisson FM, Waas JR