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Tomasz Kleiber, Klaudia Borowiak, Anna Budka and Dariusz Kayzer

References Alam S, Ryushi K, Fumihito A, Kamei S and Kawai S. 2006. Alleviation of manganese phytotoxicity in barley with cal-cium. Journal of Plant Nutrition 29: 59-74. Budka A, Borowiak K, Zbierska J, Kayzer D and Krzesiński W. 2001. Application of a multidimensional linear model to compare degrees of tobacco leaf injury caused by tropos-pheric ozone at rural and urban exposure sites. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 4: 969-975. Cakmak I, and Marschner H. 1988. Enhanced superoxide rad-ical production in roots of Zn deficient plants. Journal of

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I. Jankovská, V. Sloup, J. Száková, J. Magdálek, B. Horáková and I. Langrová

on manganese uptake and deposition in the brain and other organs of the rat. Biological Trace Element Research, 55, 39–54. Gil-Jimanez E, Manzano J, Casado E, Ferrer M (2017): The role of density dependence regulation in the misleading effect of the Aznacollar minig spill on the booted eagle fecundity. Science of the Total Environment, 583, 440–446. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.01.098. Henriquez-Hernandez LA, Carreton E, Camacho M, Montoya-Alonso JA, Boada LD, Valeron PF, Cordon YF, Almeida-Gonzalez M, Zumbado M, Luzardo OP (2016): Influence of

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Nilgün Candan and Leman Tarhan

References Aebi HE. 1983. Catalase, In: Bergmeyer HU [eds.], Methods of Enzymatic Analysis , 273-286, vol. 3, Verlag Chemice, Deerfield Beach. Allen MD, Kropat J, Tottey S, DEL Campo JA, and Merchant SS. 2007. Manganese deficiency in Chlamydomonas result in loss of photosystem II and MnSOD function, sensitivity to peroxides, secondary phosphorous and iron deficiency. Plant Physiology 14: 263-277. Boojar MMA, and Goodarzi F. 2008. Comparative evaluation of oxidative stress

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Małgorzata Poniewozik

. A. & T riemer R. E. 2005. Morphological separation of the euglenoid genera Trachelomonas and Strombomonas based on lorica development and posterior strip reduction. J. Phycol. 41 : 590–605. B üchel C., B arber J., A nanyev G., E shaghi S., W att R. & D ismukes C. 1999. Photoassembly of the manganese cluster and oxygen evolution from monomeric and dimeric CP-47-reaction center photosystem II complexes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96 : 14288–14293. C onforti V., W alne P. L. & D unlap J. R. 1994. Comparative ultrastructure and

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Mutation Breeding in Chickpea:

Perspectives and Prospects for Food Security

IMRAN M. Kozgar

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Mohsen Janmohammadi and Naser Sabaghnia

–758. D ragišić M aksimović J., B ogdanović J., M aksimović V., N ikolic M., 2007: Silicon modulates the metabolism and utilization of phenolic compounds in cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L.) grown at excess manganese. – Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 170(6): 739–744. E llis R.H., R oberts E.H., 1981: The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. – Seed Science and Technology (Netherlands), 9: 373–409. F aostat , 2012: FAOSTAT. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations. – Available at: http

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Danutė Marčiulionienė, Danguolė Montvydienė, Nijolė Kazlauskienė, Benedikta Lukšienė, Dalia Jasinevičienė and Stasys Tautkus

-contaminated acid soil. - Environmental Pollution, 179: 326-342. chiodi Boudet L., Escalante A., Haeften G. von, Moreno V., Gerpe M., 2011: Assessment of heavy metal accumulation in two aquatic macro-phytes: a field study. - Journal of the Brazilian Society of Ecotoxicology, 6(1): 57-64. Demirevska-Kepova K., Simova-Stoilova L., Stoy-anova Z., Hölzer R., Feller U., 2004: Biochemical changes in barley plants after excessive supply of copper and manganese. - Environmental and Experimental Botany, 52: 253-266. Dietz K.J., Tavakoli N., Kluge C., Mimura T., Sharma S.S., Harris G

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John Adesanya Abiona, Taiwo Gabriel Olaoye, Monsuru Oladimeji Abioja and Okanlawon Mohammed Onagbesan

accumulating cells of the snail Helix aspersa . Biochemistry Journal 194: 507 – 511. Kaludin I., Georgiev, G. T., Marinov, M. F. (1983): Zinc and manganese transport in ram sex cells. Veterinarno-Meditsinski Nauki 20: 91 – 96. Kendall N. R., McMullan S., Green A., Rodway R. G. (2000): Effect of zinc, cobalt and selenium soluble glass bolus on trace element status and semen quality of ram lambs. Animal Reproduction Science 62: 277 – 283. Kumar N., Verma R. P., Singh L. P., Varshney V. P. Dass R. S. (2006): Effect of different levels and sources of zinc

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H.Z. Khan, Abdullah, M. Amin, N. Akbar, M.F. Saleem and A. Iqbal


Micronutrients play a significant role in various plant metabolic processes and are required in much smaller amount by the plants as compared to the macronutrients. An experiment was conducted during 2011, at the Agronomic research area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, to investigate the response of autumn planted maize to ZnSO4 and MnSO4 levels (10, 20 and 30 kg ha-1) and in combinations (5 kg ha-1 ZnSO4 + 5 kg ha-1 MnSO4, 10 kg ha-1 ZnSO4 + 10 kg ha-1 MnSO4 and 15 kg ha-1 ZnSO4 + 15 kg ha-1 MnSO4). The randomized complete block design (RCBD) having three replicates was used with plot size of 3 m x 6 m. The crop was planted on ridges 75 cm apart with recommended plant to plant distance of 25 cm. Maximum values for plant height at maturity (225 cm), cob diameter (4.29 cm), number of grains per cob (415), biological yield (20.15 tons ha-1), grain yield (7.42 tons ha-1) and seed protein content (8.96%) were recorded where 15 kg ha-1 ZnSO4 + 15 kg ha-1 MnSO4 was applied.

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Christos Chatzissavvidis, Chrysovalantou Antonopoulou, Ioannis Therios and Kortessa Dimassi

-53. GRATTAN, S. R., GRIEVE, C. M., 1998: Salinity-mineral nutrient relations in horticultural crops. Scientia Horticulturae 78, 127-157. KHAN, A. A.,MCNEILLY, T.,COLLINS, J. C., 2000: Accumulation of amino acids, proline and carbohydrates in response to aluminum and manganese stress in maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23, 1303-1314. KOO, R. C. J.,ANDERSON, C. A., STEWARD, I., TUCKER, D. P. H.,CALVERT, D. V.,WUTSCHER, H. K., 1984: Recommended fertilizers and nutritional sprays for citrus. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 536D