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Danda Rao, Bijaya Nayak and Bhaskar Acharya

References Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., Sahoo, R.K., & Dash, B. (1994). Phosphorous in the siliceous manganese ores of Nishikhal, Orissa. Indian Journal of Geology 66 (1),15-23. Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., & Sahoo, R.K. (1997). Mineralogy, chemistry and genesis of Nishikahl manganese ores of south Orissa, India. Mineralium Deposita 32 (1),79-93. Acharya, B.C., & Nayak, B.K. (1998). Mineral chemistry of manganese ores associated with Precambrian Eastern Ghats complex of Andhra Pradesh

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Bambang Suharno, Fajar Nurjaman, Achmad Rifki, Robby Krisnaldo Elvin, Alif Ardiansyah Putra and Deni Ferdian

5. References Ahmed, A., Haifa, H., El-Fawakhry, M. K., El-Faramawy, H & Eissa M. (2014). Parameters affecting energy consumption for producing high carbon ferromanganese in a closed submerged arc furnace. Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, 21 (7), 1-20. DOI:10.1016/S1006-706X(14)60103-5 Çardakli, I. S., SevInç, N., & Öztürk, T. (2011). Production of high carbon ferromanganese from a manganese ore located in Erzincan. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 35 (1), 31-38. DOI:10.3906/muh-1009-6. Chaudhary, P

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Magdalena Michel and Lidia Kiedryńska

References AL-DEGS Y., TUTUNJU M. F., SHAWABKEH R. A. 2000: The Feasibility of Using Diatomite and Mn-Diatomite for Remediation of Pb 2+ , Cu 2+ , and Cd 2+ from Water. Separ. Sci. Technol. 35: 2299 -2310. AL-DEGS Y., KHRAISHEH M. A. M., TUTUNJU M. F. 2001: Sorption of lead ions on diatomite and manganese oxides modified diatomite. Water Res. , 35: 3724-3728. ALLARD S., GUNTEN U., SAHLI E., NICOLAU R., GALLARD H. 2009: Oxidation of iodide and iodine on birnessite (δ-MnO 2 ) in

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Magdalena Michel

References AL-DEGS Y., TUTUNJU M. F., SHAWABKEH R. A. 2000: The Feasibility of Using Diatomite and Mn-Diatomite for Remediation of Pb 2+ , Cu 2+ , and Cd 2+ from Water. Separ. Sci. Technol. 35: 2299-2310. AL-DEGS Y., KHRAISHEH M. A.M., TUTUNJU M. F. 2001: Sorption of lead ions on diatomite and manganese oxides modified diatomite. Water Res. 35: 3724-3728. ANIELAK A. M. 2006: Właściwości fizykochemiczne klinoptylolitu modyfikowanego ditlenkiem manganu [The physicochemical

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Danka Barloková, Ján Ilavský and Marek Sokáč

-3176. ISSN 0043-1354. [3] Knocke, W.R., et al.: Kinetics of Manganese (II) and Iron (II) Oxidation by Potassium Permanganate and Chlorine Dioxide. Journal of AWWA. 1991. LXXXIII. Nr.6, pp. 80-87. ISSN 0003-150X. [4] Knocke, W.R., Hungate, R., Occiano, S. Removal of Soluble Manganese by Oxide-Coated Filter Media: Sorption Rate and Removal Mechanism Issues. Journal of AWWA. 1991. LXXXIII. Nr.6, pp. 64-69. ISSN 0003-150X. [5] Knocke, W.R., Hamon, J.R., Thompson, C.P. Soluble Manganese Removal on Oxide-Coated Filter Media

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Magdalena M. Michel

References ANIELAK A.M. 2006: Właściwości fi zykochemiczne klinoptylolitu modyfi kowanego ditlenkiem manganu [The Physicochemical Properties of Manganese Dioxide-modifi ed Clinoptylolite]. Przem. Chem. 85, 487-491 [Engl. summ.]. Directive 98/83/WE of November 1998 on water quality intended for human consumption. GAJOWY E., GAJOWY M., ILECKI W. 2004: Poprawa efektywności usuwania jonów żelaza i manganu przy uzdatnianiu wód podziemnych na małych stacjach uzdatniania wody [The improvement of iron and

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Bożena Gołębiowska, Grzegorz Rzepa and Adam Pieczka

). Studies on manganese oxide minerals VI. Thallium in some manganese oxides. American Mineralogist , 47 , 1461-1467. Czerny, J. (1992). Hydrothermal mineralization phenomena in Karniowice Travertine near Cracow. Mineralogia Polonica , 23 , 3–13. Daiyan, Ch., Guanxin, W., Zhenxi, Z., & Yuming, Ch. (2003). Lanmuchangite, a new thallium (hydrous) sulphate from Lanmuchang, Guizhou Province, China. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry , 22 (2), 185-192. Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A., Rzepa, G., Matyszkiewicz, J., & Krajewski, M. (2010). Iodargyrite from Zalas

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Zbigniew Paul, Stanislaw Halas and Artur Wójtowicz

-40. Gradstein FM and Ogg JG, 2004. Geologic time scale 2004 - why, how, and where next! Lethaia 37: 175-181. Geroch S, Gucwa I and Wieser T, 1985. Manganese nodules and other indications of regime and ecological environment in lower part of the Upper Cretaceous - exemplified by Lanckorona profile. In: Wieser T, ed., 13 th Congress of Carpatho-Balkan Geological Association: Fundamental researches in the western part of the Polish Carpathians, Guide to Excursion I . CBGA XIII Congres, Cracow 1985: 88-100. Grieve R, Rupert

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Petr Dostál and Pavel Kovář

ABSTRACT

Clonal plants are very often among the first species to establish during primary succession. They may rapidly capture available space due to efficient vegetative propagation, but the question arises whether they may also rely on seed bank or seed rain during expansion and recovery after a possible disturbance. This question becomes increasingly important in extreme conditions of industrial deposit investigated in this study. We explored the two aforementioned seed sources in a clonal grass Calamagrostis epigejos within an ecotoxicologically stressed environment - abandoned tailings containment (former sedimentation basin) - from manganese-ore mining. Density of seeds found in seed rain was 617 seeds m-2, and in soil seed bank 220 seeds m-2, based on an autumn survey. Soil seed pool was almost depleted until the following spring as only 13 seeds m-2 were present. This pattern contrasted with the capacity of C. epigejos to build a persistent soil seed bank as shown by a burial experiment. Seed rain was thus identified to be the sole reliable seed source that may assist in recovery of this species after a possible disturbance

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Xiufang Hu, Christopher Jeans and Tony Dickson

ABSTRACT

Hu, X-F, Jeans, C.V. and Dickson, J.A.D. 2012. Geochemical and stable isotope patterns of calcite cementation in the Upper Cretaceous Chalk, UK: Direct evidence from calcite-filled vugs in brachiopods. Acta Geologica Polonica, 62 (2), 143-172. Warszawa. The history of research into the cementation of the Upper Cretaceous Chalk of the UK is reviewed. Calcitefilled vugs within the shell cavities of terebratulid brachiopods from the Cenomanian Chalk of eastern England have been investigated by cathodoluminesence imaging, staining, electron microprobe and stable isotope analysis. This has provided the first detailed analysis of the geochemistry of the Chalk’s cement. Two cement series, suboxic and anoxic, are recognized. Both start with a Mg-rich calcite with positive δ 13 C values considered to have been precipitated under oxic conditions influenced by aerobic ammonification. The suboxic series is characterized by positive δ 13 C values that became increasingly so as cementation progressed, reaching values of 3.5‰. Manganese is the dominant trace element in the earlier cement, iron in the later cement. Mnand Fe-reducing microbes influenced cement precipitation and the trace element and δ 13 C patterns. The anoxic series is characterized by δ 13 C values that became increasingly negative as cementation progressed, reaching values of -6.5‰. Trace elements are dominated by iron and manganese. Sulphate-reducing microbes influenced cement precipitation and the trace element and δ 13 C patterns. Both cement series are related closely to lithofacies and early lithification pre-dating the regional hardening of the Chalk. The suboxic series occurs in chalk which was continuously deposited and contained hematite pigment and limited organic matter. The anoxic series was associated with slow to nil deposition and hardground development in chalks that originally contained hematite pigment but no longer do so, and an enhanced supply of organic matter.