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Michael Bentlage, Anne Wiese, Arno Brandt, Alain Thierstein and Frank Witlox
are being driven by changes in the industrial organization of the maritime economy, could reveal relevant interdependencies for the future development of port cities and their hinterlands.
The term 'maritime economy' encompasses economic and research activities such as shipbuilding, logistics and ports, off-shore energy supplies, shipping companies, education and specialized services. This economic field is a growth engine for a country such as Germany, in which exports and trade are fundamental for economic success. Historically, the maritime economy in Germany
quality assessment: alternative approaches using GIS The Annals of Regional Science 26 1 97 – 110 10.1007/BF01581483
CBRE (2017): Deutschland Logistikimmobilienmarkt Q3/2017. Frankfurt am Main.
CBRE 2017 Deutschland Logistikimmobilienmarkt Q3/2017 Frankfurt am Main
Cushmann & Wakefield (2017): Urban logistics report – the ultimate real estate challenge. London.
Cushmann & Wakefield 2017 Urban logistics report – the ultimate real estate challenge London
Difu – Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik (2017): Kurzstudie zu kommunalen
caused a 10–20% decrease in the GDP growth rate. However, in times of prosperity the fixed exchange rate will be more beneficial as it will be easier to prepare an investment plan. Assessments suggest that the Polish economy is not as well prepared for the second wave of the crisis as it was for the first one. Nowadays, the Zloty is stronger than in the past, large infrastructural projects co-financed by the EU are coming to an end, and the level of the internal consumption rate is decreasing.
However, the positive fact is that the crisis in Poland is asymmetric (an
Will EU Cohesion Policy Deliver on the Lisbon Strategy?
John Bachtler and Irene McMaster
research capacities, as well as better education and vocational training, and economic infrastructure support to improve the attractiveness of Member States, regions and cities.
Within this new context, the Member States have drawn up “National Strategic Reference Frameworks”, constituting a reference document for programming the Funds, and they are either finalising their Operational Programmes or (following adoption by the European Commission) have already launched them. On the basis of these documents, it is now possible to make a first assessment of the way in
expressed. For example, the recent environmental consultation meetings with the title “Grenelle de l’environnement”, organised by the government at the end of 2007, may soon result in decisive movement whose impact we cannot yet determine. This paper does not therefore aim to provide a comprehensive assessment of the French town planning situation, but more simply to explore a few factors that can help understand recent developments.
Crisis in the suburbs
It should be said that current affairs have lately shone a less-than-flattering light on various events
, he shares the view that suburbanisation is still an ongoing process and exhibits a degree of complexity that makes it, against the historically specific background of European urbanisation, an ideal subject of inquiry. This is also the starting point of our paper.
In this context, the remainder of our paper is organised as follows. The next section provides a brief overview of the current state of suburbanisation in continental Europe, based on the assessment of a variety of secondary sources. The subsequent section reflects the shifting discourses on suburbia in
significant growth of shipments in both ports, requires the construction of accessible infrastructure and development logistics,
the development of the tourism and recreational sector which requires an efficient transport service based on consensus between the natural and landscape values, and economic benefits” ( Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Pomorskiego 2016 ).
Many of the inhabitants of the Metropolitan Area commute to the Tri-City every day to work and most of them to Gdańsk. The best accessibility to core of the Metropolitan Area is seen in the case of
In addition, article 135 of the environmental protection law provides that: ‘If the ecological review or project environmental impact assessment required by the Act of 3 October 2008 on the Provision of Information on Environment and its Protection, Society’s Participation in Environmental Protection and Environmental Impact Assessments or post-analysis shows that, despite the adoption of available technical solutions, technological and organisational standards cannot be complied with outside the plant or another facility such as: waste water treatment plants