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Specifics of Communication in Lithuanian Voting Campaigns, 2012-2016

and Littlefield, 2009. Electoral Committee of the Republic of Lithuania, ELTA ir inf. (papildyta premjero komentaru). Referendumas įkvėpė drąsos VAE priešininkams. Energetika, 2012-10-24, 13:28. ELTA ir inf. Paskelbtas galutinis „Drąsos kelio“ kandidatų į Seimo narius sąrašas. Aktualijos, 2012-08-16, 09:41. Girnius K. Kas laimės Seimo rinkimus? 2016-02-16, Hendricks, Allen John and Robert E. Denton (edt.) Comunicator in Chief: How Barack

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Being “The Damned Foreigner”: Affective National Sentiments and Racialization of Lithuanians in Iceland

.1215/08992363-12-2-291. Daukšas, D 2013, ‘Lithuanians in Norway: between ‘here’ and ‘there’’, Urbanities, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 51-68. Dzenovska, D 2010, ‘Public reason and the limits of liberal antiracism in Latvia’, Ethnos, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 496-525, DOI: Dzenovska, D 2013, ‘Historical agency and the coloniality of power in postsocialist Europe’, Anthropological Theory, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 394-416, DOI: 10.1177/1463499613502185. ECRI-The European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance, 2007

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Towards a ‘transverse inter-sectoral debate’? A Case Study of the Rural Partnership Programme (RPP) in Post-Socialist Lithuania

Department for International Development, UK. DfID/RPP 2003, November. Performing Partnerships, Baltic States Rural Partnerships Programme for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods, Enterplan/UK Department for International Development. Edwards, B., Dillard, M., Juska, A. and Abromaviciute, J. 2005 The Rural Community Movement in Lithuania: Gender-based differences in Leadership and the Issues, Activities, and Impacts of Local NGOs, Paper prepared for presentation at the European Consortium for Political Research Conference

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Lithuanian Population After the Socio-Economic Transition

References Demographic Yearbook (Demografijos metraštis), 2007: Vilnius: Statistikos departamentas prie LRV. Demographic Yearbook (Demografijos metraštis), 2008: Vilnius: Statistikos departamentas prie LRV. Department of Statistics of the Republic of Lithuania, database site: Department of Statistics of the Republic of Lithuania, news pages: Gollangs, S. 2009: Bebi

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Use of cognitive enhancers among medical students in Lithuania


AIMS – The purpose of this study is to analyse the use of cognitive enhancers among medical students in Lithuania, determine the reasons for usage and evaluate the contributing factors such as socio-demographic characteristics, stress levels, sleep quality and knowing somebody who has used a neuro-enhancing drug.

DESIGN – A cross-sectional survey study was performed by analysing a convenience sample of n=579 in the two universities offering medical education in Lithuania, Vilnius University and the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. In 2014, students were asked to fill in anonymous paper questionnaires consisting of 13 items on prevalence of substance use to enhance cognitive performance, and on reasons and correlates (response rate 95%) during lecture time.

RESULTS – Of the respondents, 8.1% indicated that they had used cognitive enhancers. Among those who had used these drugs, nootropics were the most frequently mentioned (59.6%), while psychostimulants, such as modafinil, methylphenidate and amphetamine-derived drugs were mentioned less frequently (38.3%). Other substances were indicated by 23.4% of the respondents. Improvement of concentration and increased studying time were predominant purposes (55.3% and 48.9% of users, respectively). Male students reported three times higher prevalence rates than females (14.6% vs. 5.1%, p<0.05). Prevalence was also higher in students who knew someone using these substances than among those who did not know such persons (17.3% vs. 5.1%, p< 0.05). This was the most associated factor with cognitive-enhancing drug-taking behaviour. No correlation between cognitive enhancement usage and sleep quality or stress levels was found, nor between usage and belonging to a student organisation or having a job.

CONCLUSIONS – In Lithuania, 1 of 12 medical students admits to having used neuro-enhancing drugs. Our study results provide an overview of the actual situation on correlates and reasons for taking performance-enhancing substances.

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Human Resources of Lithuania: On the Question of the Fate of the Nation

References Bubnys, A. 1998: Vokiečių okupuota Lietuva. Vilnius. Demographic Yearbook, 2007, Vilnius: Statistics Lithuania. Demographic Yearbook 2005, Vilnius: Statistics Lithuania. Demographic Yearbook 2008, Vilnius: Statistics Lithuania. Eberhardt P. (1997). Przemiany narodnościowe na Litwie, Przegląd Wschodni , Warszawa: Eurostat's database (18 June 2008). Gaučas, P. 1978: Gyventojų skaičius

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Conceptualising the Rise of the Rural Community Movement in Lithuania: A Framework for Analysis

References Alanen, I. 2002 Soviet community spirit and the fight over the rural future of the Baltic countries. Eastern European Countryside. No 8: 15-29. Bertelsen, F. and Zalimiene, L. 2004 Social Policy and Community Social Service Development Project in Lithuania. Sida Evaluation 04/12. Stockholm: Swedish International development Cooperation Agency. Bourdieu, P. 1984 Distinction. A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University

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Attractiveness of Rural Areas for Young, Educated Women in Post-Industrial Society

Agriculture, 1800–2000, Princeton University Press. Fekete, É. & Liptak, K. 2011 ‘Postmodern Values in Rural Peripheries’, Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning 2(1): 1-6. Figueiredo, E. 2009 ‘One rural, two visions – Environmental issues and images on rural areas in Portugal’, European Countryside 1(1): 9-21. Eičaitė, O. 2013 ‘Promotion of sustainable food consumption’, Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 35(4): 512-521. Eičaitė, O. 2016 ‘Lithuanian consumers’ views on country of origin labelling for

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Studies of Changing Societies
The Journal of Olga Guzhva
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Forecasting of the Influence of Financial Institutions Loan Portfolio Change for the Economic Sectors of the Country

Research, Working Paper, 9551. Dudzeviciute, G. (2006). Lietuvos bankininkystės sektoriaus poveikis ekonomikos augimui [The Impact of Banking Sector on Economic Growth: Theoretical and Practical Aspects]. Business: Theory and Practice , 8(2), 128-135. Garbaravicius, T., Kuodis, R. (2002). Lietuvos finansų sektoriaus struktūra ir funkcionavimas [The Structure and the Functioning of the Financial Sector in Lithuania]. Monetary Studies , 1, 18-47. Goldsmith, R.W. (1969). Financial Structure and Development, New haven, U

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