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Gollangs, S. 2009: Bebi
When we compare the contemporary ethnic structure and national policy of Poland and its eastern neighbours, we can see clear asymmetry in both quantitative and legal-institutional aspects. There is currently a markedly smaller population of Ukrainians, Belarusians and Lithuanians living in Poland than the Polish population in the territories of our eastern neighbours. At the same time, the national minorities in Poland enjoy wider rights and better conditions to operate than Poles living in Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania.
Additional complicating factor in bilateral relations between national minority and the home state is different political status of Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine and different processes of transformation the consequence of which is differentiated state of political relations of Poland with its eastern neighbours. Lithuania, like Poland, is a member of EU, Ukraine, outside the structures of European integration, pursued a variable foreign policy, depending on the ruling options and the economic situation, and Belarus, because of internal policy which is unacceptable in the EU countries, is located on the political periphery of Europe.
Irena Kriščiukaitienė, Tomas Baležentis, Aistė Galnaitytė and Virginia Namiotko
This paper presents a methodology for flood risk mapping as envisaged by the Directive on the Assessment and Management of Flood Risks [Directive 2007/60/EC]. Specifically, we aimed at identifying the types of flood damage that can be estimated given data availability in Lithuania. Furthermore, we present the main sources of data and the associated cost functions. The methodology covers the following main types of flood threats: risk to inhabitants, risk to economic activity, and social risk. A multi-criteria framework for aggregation of different risks is proposed to provide a comprehensive appraisal of flood risk. On the basis of the proposed research, flood risk maps have been prepared for Lithuania. These maps are available for each type of flood risk (i.e. inhabitants, economic losses, social risk) as well as for aggregate risk. The results indicate that flood risk management is crucial for western and central Lithuania, whereas other parts of the country are not likely to suffer from significant losses due to flooding.
populated places, rivers, river rapids, river fords, islands, forests, mountains, and valleys shown on Beauplan maps. These databases comprise the primary output of the BU project. The contents and structure of these GBU databases will be described in detail in a following section.
- 17th Century Szlak Paths (BSZLAK) – traces the Czarny, Kuczmanski, and Moraski travel paths as shown on Beauplan’s maps. BSZLAK paths are provided as “.shp” line format files.
- Sawrań/Kodyma Border Dispute (SKBD) – provides insights into the 1542 border dispute between Poland-Lithuania
., 2005, Globalisation, safety and national security, [in:] W. Salah, C. Cooper (eds.), Tourism in the age of globalisation, Routledge, London, New York, pp. 213-241.
S chroeder A., P ennington -G ray L., K aplanidou K., Z han F., 2013, Destination risk perceptions among US residents for London as the Host City of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, Tourism Management , 38, pp. 107-119.
S urvila A., M ikėnas E., Ž uromskaitė B., 2017, The impact of terrorism on the tourism sector of Lithuania, Montenegrin Journal of Economics , 13, 3, pp. 101
The main objective of this paper is to present the national and religious heritage of the Eastern Borderlands in contemporary Poland. The paper deals with the genesis and selected aspects of the spatial development of the ethnic and religious minorities (mainly Tartars-Muslims, Karaites and Armenians) that date back to the eastern areas of the former Republic (including the territories of Belarus, Lithuania and Ukraine) but, due to the post-war border changes and migrations, formed clusters in contemporary Poland and organized various forms of group life.
Antanas Maziliauskas, Vytautas Morkunas, Zenonas Rimkus and Valentinas Šaulys
rajonuose. Vandens ūkio inžinerija , 21(43): 80-84.
Bastienė N., 2002. The main problems of drainage systems exploitation in Lithuania. International scientific conference "Research for rural development 2002". Jelgava, Latvia , 22-24 May, 2002: 133-139.
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European Council, 1999b. Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999. O. J. Eur. Comm. L160/80, 26.6.1999.
Gintaras Jarasiunas, Irena Kinderiene and Ferdo Bašić
: a guide for social scientists. Routledge.
Bykovienė, A., Pupka, D. & Aleknavičius A. (2014). Analysis of agricultural land area registration and its changes in Lithuania. Žemės Ūkio Mokslai, 21(4), 250-264. DOI:10.6001/zemesukiomokslai.v21i4.3028.
Caballero, R. (2011). The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) towards 2020: How can fit farming in the marginal areas of the EU. Recent Researches in Energy, Environment, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, 13, 88-102.
Costantini, E.A.C. & Lorenzetti R. (2013). Soil degradation