., Gruževskis B., Kosienė K., Matiejūnienė A. (2008), Įgyvendinto kompleksinio nuteistųjų asmenų reintegracijos modelio veiksmingumas ir plėtros galimybės . Mokslinio tyrimo ataskaita [Effectiveness of the implemented complex model of reintegration of convicted persons and development opportunities. Research report] Gruževskis B, Okunevičiūtė-Neverauskienė L, Biveinytė S. (2006a), Vyresnio amžiaus Lietuvos gyventojų poreikiai užimtumo, švietimo ir kultūros srityse. II ir III mokslinio tyrimo etapų ataskaitos [The needs of older Lithuanian
Julija Moskvina and Laima Neverauskienė
, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Hübner K. (2011), Baltic Tigers: The Limits of Unfettered Liberalization , ‘Journal of Baltic Studies’, Vol. 42, No. 1. Kalendiene J., & Miliauskas G. (2011), Lithuanian export competitiveness before economic recession , ‘Business and Economic Horizons’, Vol. 4, No. 1. Kattel R., & Raudla R. (2013), The Baltic Republics and the Crisis of 2008–2011 , ‘Europe-Asia Studies’, Vol. 65, No. 3. Kilvits K. (2014), Restructuring of Manufacture Under Global Financial and Economic Crisis: The Case of Estonia , [in:] Economic and
Justyna Witkowska and Aušrinė Lakštutienė
mediation (Dz.U. 2003, No. 124, item 1154) Act of April 23, 1964 - Civil Code (Dz.U. 1964, No. 16, item 93) Act of December 2002 - Republic of Lithuania Law on pension reform (Valstybėsžinios Nr. 123-5511) Act of July 2000 - Civil Code (Valstybėsžinios Nr. 74-2262). Act of July 2003 - Additional Republic of Lithuania Law on autonomous pension accumulation (Valstybėsžinios Nr. 75-3473) Act of July 2003 - Republic of Lithuania Law on pension accumulation (Valstybėsžinios Nr. 75
Astrida Miceikiene, Damian Walczak and Sylwia Pieńkowska-Kamieniecka
). Musiał, D. (2014), Zróżnicowanie ubezpieczeń społecznych rolników w wybranych krajach Europy (The diversity of farmers’ social insurance systems in chosen european countries) , ‘Roczniki Ekonomicze Kujawsko-Pomorskiej Szkoły Wyższej Bydgoszczy’, No. 7. Namiotko, V., Eirošius, S. (2014), The Analysis Of Social Insurance Systems For Farmers In Selected Eu Countries: Lessons Learned For Lithuania , ‘Economy & Business Journal’, Vol. 8, No. 1. NIK (2017), Analiza wykonania budżetu państwa i założeń polityki pieniężnej w 2016 roku (Analysis of the state
/360/EEC, 72/194/EEC, 73/148/EEC, 75/34/EEC, 75/35/EEC, 90/364/EEC, 90/365/EEC and 93/96/EEC. European Union, Documents concerning the accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic to the European Union, L 236, (23.09.2003). Communication from the Commission to the EP, the Council, the European Economic and Social
References Bernacki D. (2012), The effectiveness of investment and socio-economic effects of the deepening of the Szczecin-Świnoujście fairway to 12.5 m, Szczecin Cross-border labour mobility between Poland-Lithuania, South Baltic Professional Project (2012), Maritime Institute in Gdańsk, Gdańsk ECOTEC Research&Consulting (2006a), An exhaustive analysis of employment trends in all sectors related to the sea or using sea resources. Country report-Germany ECOTEC Research&Consulting, together with Dagne Eitutyte (2006b), An exhaustive analysis of
The aim of this article is to compare 2008-2010 recession magnitudes in individual EU countries. For the comparison the recession magnitude scale was used. The strongest recession during the examined period took place in Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Greece and Ireland, while the weakest recessions in the EU occurred in France, Malta and Cyprus. Poland and Slovakia were the only two EU countries that didn’t fall into a recession, that’s why they were not included in the study. The main findings of the paper are that EU19’s recession was much smaller than both the Great Depression of the 1930s and the recent Great Recession in the USA. Furthermore, with the use of a linear econometric model it was found that recession magnitudes in EU countries were directly proportional to the countries’ GDP per capita in 2008 and growth prior to recessions, while countries’ economic openness was indirectly proportional to recession magnitudes, all the relationships being statistically significant.
Aušra Razgūnė and Romas Lazutka
Despite the fact that stability of labor share in national income is a key foundation in macroeconomic models, scientists acknowledge, that in the last three decades it has been declining around the world. The Baltic countries are not an exception; they follow similar patters to large economies, thus the research aims at determining economic factors at play. With the help of error correction model and time series data covering the past twenty years, we determine factors which contribute to the decline of labor share in the Baltic countries. We find significant long-term relationships between labor share and government spending, trade openness, and emigration. Government spending exhibits the highest contribution to variance of labor share in Lithuania, which also explains a large part of Latvia’s labor share variations. We find many similarities between the analyzed countries, however some differences are also visible.
The Poland competitiveness and the trade connections in reference to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and former USSR
In the paper is presented multiaspectual indicatory statistical analysis (TI, RCA, IIT, ESI) of the Polish trade with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and former USSR in the reference to UE-15 countries. The chosen group of countries encloses all the former republics of the USSR (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Latvia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) and Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia. Studied countries were divided into two groups - UE and non UE. It was showed that in the first group had appeared a tendency to levelling the competitiveness and to the growth of cooperation, in second however the level of cooperation is close to the zero and the level of competitiveness diminishes in relation to Poland. 1.
Climate change is one of the greatest contemporary threats to our planet’s environmental, social and economic condition. It is accompanied by massive changes in life support systems on Earth, where its far‑reaching effects will be felt in the upcoming decades. The development of a national adaptation policy (strategy and/or plan) serves as an instrument that provides the necessary framework for adaptation by coordinating the consideration of climate change across relevant sectors, geographical scales, and levels of decision making. The purpose of this paper is to compare the degree of influence of climate change on the economy of the Eastern European Union and compare national strategies for adaptation to climate change in selected countries of Western Europe and Poland. The study shows that countries bearing the brunt of the negative impacts of climate change are Cyprus, Malta, Bulgaria and Poland. These countries recorded the highest climate change index, the greatest losses in terms of estimated GDP, household welfare, land losses, and lower incomes in the agricultural and tourism sectors. With appropriate adaptation measures, countries such as Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia can take advantage of the future changes in weather conditions. A shift in the productivity of the agricultural sector and tourism from south to north can be noted.