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Harry Schrőder, Konrad Reschke, Angelika Gärtner, Łukasz Kaczmarek, Helena Sęk, Michał Ziarko and Tomasz Pasikowski

dissertation, University of Leipzig, Germany. George, D., & Mallery, P. (2003). SPSS for Windows step by step. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Greenglass, E. (2011). Różnice wynikające z ról płciowych, wsparcie społeczne i radzenie sobie ze stresem [The gender differences in the role of social support in coping with stress]. In: H. Sęk, H., Cieślak, R. (Ed.) (2011). Wsparcie społeczne stres i zdrowie (pp. 138-151). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Hagger, M. S. (2009). Personality, individual

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Kerstin Schnell, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Sonja Rohrmann and Volker Hodapp

. (1980). Effective test taking: Skills acquisition versus anxiety reduction techniques. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 431-439. Krinzinger, H., Kaufmann, L., Dowker, A., Thomas, G., Graf, M., Nuerk, H.-C., & Willmes, K. (2007). Deutschsprachige Version des Fragebogens für Rechenangst (FRA) für 6- bis 9-jährige Kinder [A German version of the math anxiety questionnaire (FRA) for children between 6 and 9 years]. Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 35 (5), 341-351. Krohne, H. W. (2010

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Kamila Wojdylo, Miguel Kazén, Julius Kuhl and Olga Mitina

-infiltration and selfcompatibility checking in dealing with unattractive tasks: The moderating influence of state vs. action-orientation. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 157-197. doi: 10.1023/A:1025043530799 Kazén, M., Baumann, N., & Kuhl, J. (2005). Self-regulation after mortality salience: National pride feelings of action-oriented German participants. European Psychologist, 10, 218-228. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.3.218 Koole, S. L., & Van den Berg, A. E. (2005). Lost in the wilderness: Terror management, action orientation, and nature evaluation

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Marta Malesza

Abstract

The Discounting Inventory (DI), originally developed in polish language, allows the measurement of individual differences in the delay, probabilistic, effort, and social discounting rates. The present study attempted to validate the DI’s psychometric properties using German university students and to compare the results to those from a sample of Polish university students. Over four hundred participants completed the DI and traditional discounting measures. A confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the original four-factor model of the DI provided an excellent fit for the German data and internal consistency was high. These outcomes were similar, if not superior, to those from the Polish sample. DI scores strongly correlated with traditional discounting measures scores in both samples, replicating previous results. These findings indicate that the DI is a valid measure for use in a sample from another cultural setting, which is potentially useful to both researchers and practitioners.

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Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Jerzy Mączyński and Łukasz Sułkowski

Abstract

The overall purpose of this paper was to compare a representative sample of Polish middle managers with a representative sample of chief executive officers (CEOs) from six chosen countries, in regard to selected leadership traits and behaviors. We present a small portion of data collected under the GLOBE project, Phase 3, and longitudinal research findings concerning subordinates′ assessments of Polish middle managers in relation to their attributes from 2008 to 2012. The GLOBE, Phase 3 research is the first study to investigate several thousands of CEOs and senior management teams in 24 countries, to empirically and directly assess the relationship between culture and leadership traits and behaviors. We provide research evidence that the investigated CEOs from the United States, Austria, Germany, China, and Taiwan (with the exception of Russian CEOs and Polish middle managers) were generally positively evaluated by their direct staff in regard to: inspirational, visionary, integrity, and performance-oriented leadership behaviors (constituents of charismatic leadership), team-oriented behavior, and participative leadership style. Empirical findings under the GLOBE project, Phase 3 revealed that the charismatic leadership behavior of CEOs has a huge influence on top management teams′ (TMTs) dedication to organizational goals, and is the most predictive of all leadership behaviors for TMT commitment to organizations. The analyzed research findings indicate that CEOs in Russia and Polish middle managers display strong similarities. They tend to behave in less charismatic, team-oriented, and participative ways than CEOs in the remaining countries.

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Wlodzimierz Oniszczenko

& Neuropsychologia, 1 , 24 - 30. Oniszczenko, W., Angleitner, A., Strelau, J., & Angert T. (1993). The questionnaire of twins' physical resemblance. Unpublished questionnaire, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, and University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany. Oniszczenko, W., & Rogucka, E. (1996). Diagnoza zygotyczności blizniαt na podstawie Kwestionariusza Fizycznego Podobieństwa Blizniαt [Twin zygosity diagnosis by means of the Questionnaire of Twins Physical Resemblance]. Przeglad Psychologiczny, 39 , 151

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Barbara Dolińska

. Berkowitz (Ed.). Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 10, pp. 174-221). New York: Academic Press. Stobel-Richter, Y., Beutel, M.E., Finck, C., Brahler, E. (2005). The “wish to have a child”, childlessness and infertility in Germany. Human Reproduction, 20, 2850-2857. Templeton, A. (1995). Infertility, epidemiology, etiology and effective management. Health Bulletin, 53, 294-298. World Bank data (2014, January 6). Retrieved from: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.TFRT.IN.

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Maciej Krukowski, Danuta Kornafel and Maciej Oziembłowski

, R. (2005). Self-related and motivational constructs as determinants of aggression. An analysis and validation of a German version of the Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences , 38 , 1631-1643. Williams, T.Y., Boyd, J.C., Cascardi, M.A., & Poythress, N. (1996). Factor structure and convergent validity of the Aggression Questionnaire in an offender population. Psychological Assessment 8 , 398-403

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Sybilla Schiep and Katarzyna Cieślik

, K. (1976). Personality scores and smoking behaviour: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine , 30, 123-131. Cloninger, C. R., Przybeck, T. R., Svrakic, D. M., Wetzel, R. D. (1994). The temperament an Character Inventory (TCI): A guide to itsdevelopment and use. Frankfurt, Swets Test Services. Cordero, S. (2005). Persönlichkeitsstile und psychische Erkrankung (Achse I und II) Unpublished Dissertation. Germany: University of Osnabrueck. Costa, P. T