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Original article. Cost-effectiveness of annual microalbuminuria screening in Thai diabetics

-CHOICE): costeffectiveness thresholds [internet] 2005 [cited 2011 Aug 24]. Available from: http://www.who.int/choice/costs/CER_levels/en/index.html. 23. The World Bank. GDP per capita (current US$) [internet] 2011 [cited 2012 Aug 24]. Available from: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD. 24. Ma YC, Zuo L, Chen JH, Luo Q, Yu XQ, Li Y, et al. Modified glomerular filtration rate estimating equation for Chinese patients with chronic kidney disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006; 17:2937-44. 25. Thaweethamcharoen T, Sakulbumrungsil R

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Potentials for demographic dividend and rapid economic growth in Mali: What policy scenario would yield the greatest dividend?

al. (2014). Global, regional, and national levels of neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality during 1990-2013: A systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2013. Lancet, 384(9947): 957-79. World Bank. (2014). Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) [Online]. Available: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.MORT?end=2013&locations=MLGN&start=1990 [Accessed 10 August 2017]. Zelleke, G., Sraiheen, A., & Gupta, K. (2013). Human capital, productivity, and economic growth in 31 sub-saharan african countries for the period

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Causes of differences in the uptake of cardiac implantation electronic devices in Slovenia in comparison to other countries

/benefits for the patients, but with careful consideration and only in absolute need. This also contributes to the prevention of the overuse of ICDs, which might have considerate negative impacts on health and life-quality if decisions are not in line with professional standards. To sum up, it can be concluded that economic development (e.g. measured in GDP per capita) to a certain extent predicts the crude utilisation rates of CIEDs; however, the size of the effect is hard to identify as the available data in HD database is incomplete and unreliable. Hence, we recommend

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Provider-initiated HIV counseling and testing of out patients at community hospitals in Thailand: an economic evaluation using the Markov model

Abstract

Background: Provider-initiated HIV counseling and testing (PIHIVCT) is an important intervention that improves the access to care to HIV-infected patients and subsequently contributes to the success of national HIV/AIDS control efforts. However, in Thailand, the cost-effectiveness of this program is unknown. Objective: Determine the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) in terms of Thai Baht per Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) of PIHIVCT for outpatient department (OPD) patients in community hospitals of Thailand compared with the current practice. Methods: A model-based health economic evaluation study was conducted based on results from cluster randomized controlled trials in 16 community hospitals of Thailand. The Markov model and the probabilistic sensitivity analysis were used. One-thousand two-hundred seventy-seven HIV-infected patients completed questionnaires on their household expenditure and quality of life using the visual analog scale. Results: In social perspectives, the PIHIVCT program increased a patient’s life span by 5.18 days or 4.15 qualityadjusted days per OPD case and the ICER was 63,588 Baht per QALY gained. The subgroup analysis showed that the PIHIVCT program would be cost-effective for cases younger than 50 years if the ceiling threshold of willing to pay equaled the per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, this intervention would be cost-effective for all cases of 13-64 year old if the ceiling threshold equaled three times of GDP. Conclusion: The provider-initiated HIV counseling and testing program for OPD patients is more cost-effective than the current practice and should be implemented in health care setting in Thailand.

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Practice of iron chelation therapy for transfusion-dependent thalassemia in Southeast Asia

. Malaysia Malaysia consists of 2 parts: Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah and Sarawak states on the Island of Borneo. Peninsular Malaysia is located south of Thailand, north of Singapore, and east of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, while the 2 Borneo states share borders with Brunei and Indonesia. Malaysia has a multiethnic population with over 30 million in 2014 consisting of Malays (50.4%), Chinese (23.7%), Indians (7.1%), indigenous people (11%), and others (7.8%). The average Malaysian income based on the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was about USD 12,127 in

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