Entrepreneurship and Unemployment. Inzinerine Ekonomika- Engineering Economics , 4.
Totan, L. S., Popescu, B. B., Cristache, S. E. (2013). Impactul somajului asupra creşterii economice din România, în perioada de criză. Romanian Statistical Review , 6.
Zdražil, P., Appolova, P. (2016). Growth Disparities among Regions of the Visegrad Group Countries: An evidence of their Extent and Nature. E & M Ekonomie a Management , 19(2), 37–54.
Workie, T. M. (2004). Measuring Income percapita Disparities across Countries Using a Panel Data Approach. Ekonomický časopis
We analyze the influence of newly constructed globalization measures on regional growth for the EU-27 countries between 2001 and 2006. The spatial Chow-Lin procedure, a method constructed by the authors, was used to construct, on a NUTS-2 level, complete regional data for exports, imports and FDI inward stocks, which serve as indicators for the influence of globalization, integration and technology transfers on European regions. The results suggest that most regions have significantly benefited from globalization measured by increasing trade openness and FDI. In a non-linear growth convergence model, the growth elasticities for globalization and technology transfers decrease with increasing GDP per capita. Furthermore, the estimated elasticity for FDI decreases when the model includes a higher human capital premium for CEE countries and a small significant growth enhancing effect accrues from the structural funds expenditures in the EU.
The present study investigates the country-specific determinants of intra-industry trade between Poland and its European Union trading partners in agricultural and food products during the time period 2002-2011. An econometric model for panel data is applied for the analysis of the factors determining Polish bilateral intra-industry trade with European Union countries. The research leads to the formulation of a statement that the intensity of intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products is positively influenced by the intensity of trade with EU countries and the level of economic development of the member countries (as measured by the size of their GDP per capita). Increase in intra-trade turnover is also facilitated by EU membership and by the fact that Poland’s trade partners use similar Slavic-based languages. Relative differences in the size of the economies and relative differences in Poland’s and its trading partners’ levels of economic development have a negative impact. The degree of the imbalance of trade turnover between trading partners also negatively influences the intensity of intra-trade exchange. The research confirms that the impact of all of the identified factors determining intra-industry trade is consistent with the predictions of the theory.
– annual data, available at: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=lfsi_dwl_a&lang=en .
Eurostat. (2019). Real GDPpercapita, available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/refreshTableAction.do?tab=table&plugin=1&pcode=sdg_08_10&language=en .
Fahey, T. (2005). The Case for an EU-wide Measure of poverty. European Sociological Review , 23(1), 35–47.
Fialová, H. (2004). Malý ekonomický výkladový slovník . Praha: A plus.
Halleröd, B., Larsson, D. (2008). Poverty, welfare problems and social exclusion. International Journal of
. ISBN 978-83-255-5690-7.
Statistics Times. (2016). List of Countries by Projected GDPpercapita. Retrieved December 30, 2016, from http://statisticstimes.com/economy/countries-by-projected-gdpcapita.php.
Szabo, F.A. J. (1994). Kaunitz and Enlightened Absolutism 1753-1780. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-46690-3, 9780521466905.
Široký, J. et al. (2008). Danové teorie s praktickou aplikací. 2nd Ed. Praha: C. H. Beck, 301 p. ISBN 978-80-7400-005-08.
Žurovec, M. (2017). Stát v roce 2016
The economic potential of a country is directly related to a policy of creating new jobs, increasing labour productivity, balancing energy and materials consumption, technological innovation, refurbishing the production base, and taking action to create an environment for attracting investment and stimulating domestic consumption, as well as increasing exports of goods and services. A key feature of the economic system, that determines its ability to maintain normal living and working conditions for the population, is to guarantee and protect the sustainable development of the economy and the realisation of national economic interests. This article is addressed to two main economic security indicators - economic growth and investment activity of the state. It presents a specific comparison of real GDP per capita and growth rate in the European Union, the Eurozone and the Republic of Bulgaria and GDP per capita in purchasing power standards in the European Union, the Eurozone and the Republic of Bulgaria. The flow of foreign direct investment by economic sectors in the Republic of Bulgaria is been considered, including annual data, foreign direct investment flows by countries and the international position of the Republic of Bulgaria in this process