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Iroanya Onyekachi Ogbonnaya, Egwuatu Tochukwu Frank, Sonaike Adeola Olasubomi and Uwaezuoke Nduka David

Abstract

Identification of dismembered bodies recovered in disasters or crime scene is very important in forensic. This study was carried out to ascertain if foot size, body weight, height, stature and BMI can be used to predict sex using tape rule and Stadiometer scale. 150 subjects between 18 - 25yrs were recruited. Independent T-test, Pearson Correlation, Linear and Multiple Regression Analysis were determined using SPSS version 23. All measurements were higher in male than female and there was significant (p≤0.05) difference in the sex. The average foot length of 257.39mm was used to determine sex of the subjects. All foot lengths ≤ 257.39mm were presumed to belong to females while all values > 257.39mm was presumed males. Foot size and weight had the highest correlation values. Foot length gave better estimation of sex than foot breadth, BMI and weight. Results of Multiple regression equation was better than linear regression equation. In forensic anthropology, foot size has been used to predict sex. Limitation of this study is the formulae generated can only be applied to Nigerians aged 18-25 yrs. Studies should be carried out on diverse population for future inferences

Open access

Markus Müller and Reiner Finkeldey

diversity and dendrochronology. PLoS One 7 (3):e33636. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033636 Pluess AR, Frank A, Heiri C, Lalague H, Vendramin GG, Oddou-Muratorio S (2016) Genome-environment association study suggests local adaptation to climate at the regional scale in Fagus sylvatica. New Phytol 210 (2):589-601. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13809 Pritchard JK, Stephens M, Donnelly P (2000) Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155 (2):945-959 R Core Team (2016) R: A language and environment for statistical

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Dijana Čortan, Hilke Schroeder, Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić, Christian Wehenkel and Matthias Fladung

, Mišić D, Kurbalija Novičić Z, Bordács S, Varhidi F, Vasić I, Benke A, Frank G, Šiler B (2015) Indigenous forest of European black poplar along the Danube River: genetic structure and reliable detection of introgression. Tree Genet Genomes 11:89 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11295-015-0915-5 Jensen JL, Bohonak AJ, Kelley ST (2005) Isolation by distance, web service. BMC Genetics 6:13. v.3.23 ( http://ibdws.sdsu.edu/ ) Kahilainen A, Puurtinen M, Kotiaho JS (2014) Conservation implications of species – genetic diversity correlations. Glob Ecol Conserv 2

Open access

Azamal Husen

. MEDRANO and M. RIBAS-CARBÓ (2007): Rapid variations of mesophyll conductance in response to changes in CO2 concentration around leaves. Plant Cell Environ. 30: 1284-1298. FOYER, C. H., P. DESCOURVIERES and K. J. KUNERT (1994): Protection against oxygen radicals, an important defence mechanism studied in transgenic plants. Plant Cell Environ. 17: 507-523. FRANK, H. A. and R. J. COGDELL (1996): Carotenoids in photosynthesis. Photochem. and Photobiol. 63: 257-264. GALMÉS, J., H. MEDRANO and J. FLEXAS (2007): Photosynthetic