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Inward Foreign Direct Investment: A Case Study of Pakistan

References Arslan, M. (2010). Pakistani Foreign Direct Investment Declines by 44%. Balasubramanyam, V. N., Salisu, M., & Sapsford, D. (1996). Foreign direct investment and growth in EP and IS countries. The economic journal , 92-105. Briefs, U. I. (2009). Global FDI in Decline Due to the Financial Crisis, and a Further Drop Expected: Investment Issues Analysis Branch of UNCTAD. Cali, M., Massa, I., & te Velde, D. W. (2008). The global financial crisis: financial flows to developing countries set to fall by one quarter. London: ODI

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Foreign Direct Investment Inflows into Zimbabwe

References Alfaro, L. (2017). Gains from Foreign Direct Investment: Macro and Micro Approaches. World Bank Economic Review, 30 Supplements 1, S2 - S15. Asheghian, P. (2011). Economic Growth Determinants and Foreign Direct Investment Causality in Canada, International Jornal of Business and Social Sciences, 2(11), 1-9. Bean, C. R. (1981). An econometric model of manufacturing investment in the UK, The Economic Journal, 91, 106-121. Blanco, L. (2012). The Spatial Interdependence of FDI in Latin

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Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Middle-Income Countries: New Middle-Income Trap Evidence

References Addison, T., & Heshmati, A. (2003). The new global determinants of FDI flows to developing countries: The importance of ICT and democratization, WIDER Discussion Papers: 2003/45, World Institute for Development Economics, Helsinki. Agarwal, S., & Mohtadi, H. (2004). Financial markets and the financing choice of firms: Evidence from developing countries. Global Finance Journal, 15, 57-70. Agrawal, G. (2015). Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in Brics Economies: A Panel Data Analysis

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Impact of Official Development Assistance on the Growth of WAEMU Member Countries: Assessment Following the Recommendations of the 2002 Monterrey Conference

National Saving and Investment Financing in Côte d'Ivoire”, Economic Policy Analysis Unit of CIRES (CAPEC), Working Document (DT) N ° 28. Baltagi B.H (1995), Econometric Analysis of Panel Data, John Wiley & Son, New York. Caceres, L.R. (1995), “Foreign Resources, Domestic Savings and Economic Growth: The Case of Central America”, Savings and Development, No. 4-XIX, pp393-403. Campbell, R. (1999), “Foreign Aid, Domestic Savings and Economic Growth: Some Evidence From the ECCB Area”, Savings and Development, No. 3-XXIII, pp.225-77. Chenery, H.B. and

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Corruption and FDI Inflows: Evidence from India and China

References Boatright, J. (2000). Ethics and the Conduct of Business. Third Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Buckley, P. J., & Casson, M. (1976). The Future of the Multinational Enterprise. MacMillan Press, London. Busse, L., Noboru, I., Morgan, M., David, P., Kenneth, S., & Tolga, Y. (1996). The Perception of Corruption: A Market Discipline Approach. Working Paper, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Drabek, Z., & Payne, W. (1999). The Impact of Transparency on Foreign Direct Investment. Staff

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Foreign Trade of the Republic of Belarus in the International Business Environment

1041 – 1105 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1573-4404(85)02011-1 Helpman, E. and Krugman, P. (1985). Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition, and the International Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press. Helpman E. Krugman P. 1985 Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition, and the International Economy Cambridge MIT Press Hrechyshkina, O. and Samakhavets, M. (2018). Importance of Foreign Direct Investment in Financing for Innovative Development of the Republic of Belarus. Marketing and

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Optimal Spatial Allocation of Labour Force and Employment Protection Legislation (EPL)

\right\}.$$ The fact that the investment cost approaches infinity stems from barriers to free movement of workers between areas of economic integration due to legal restrictions like visas or quotas ( Kahanec, 2013 ), lack of portability of social rights ( Holzmann and Koettl, 2015 ; d’Addio and Cavalleri, 2015), differences in occupational regulation and difficulties for qualification recognition ( Sweetman et al., 2015 ); but also from cultural gaps and asymmetric information problems with respect to foreign labour markets ( Sprenger, 2013 ). An important

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Post-industrial university towns and the triple helix concept: case studies of Bristol, Sheffield, Novosibirsk and Tomsk

provide the right conditions for developing such interactions. Tomsk and Novosibirsk are the only university cities in Russia behind the Urals that were included in the 2018 QS Best Student Cities Ranking. The cities strive for high positions in world rankings but face certain difficulties in entering into cooperation with local authorities and business and, therefore, are looking for foreign success stories they can emulate. Additionally, these university towns are provincial ones, but their universities have good reputations and strive for worldwide competitiveness

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Public spending mechanisms and gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the agricultural sector (1970–2016): Lessons for Nigeria from agricultural policy progressions in China

positively to economic growth, through multiplier effects on aggregate demand. But government consumption may crowd out private investment, dampen economic stimulus in the short run and reduce capital accumulation in the long run ( Coady and Fan, 2008 ). Economy theory of public expenditures is classified into two: productive if they are included as arguments in private production functions, and unproductive if they are not ( Barro and Sala-I-Martin, 1992 ). This categorisation implies that productive expenditures have a direct effect upon the rate of economic growth

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Stimulating Flexible Citizenship: The Impact of Dutch and Indian Migration Policies on the Lives of Highly Skilled Indian Migrants in the Netherlands

that India was an important growth market for Amsterdam, Amsterdam Economic Affairs established a special India Desk at Amsterdam inbusiness, the official foreign investment agency for the city of Amsterdam. The India-directed policies executed by Amsterdam inbusiness also included quality-of-life activities. In order to be attractive as an immigration country, it was reasoned, Indian expats needed to feel welcome and at home. One of the key findings in the aforementioned WODC report is that more international schools would make the Netherlands more appealing to

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