Foundation for European Progressive Studies. Kindleberger, C. (1990). Historical economics: Art or science? Berkeley: University of California Press. Knoerich, J., & Miedtank, T. (2018). The idiosyncratic nature of Chinese foreign direct investment in Europe. CESifo Forum, 19 (4), 3–8. Lawless, M., & Morgenroth, E. (2016). The product and sector level impact of a hard Brexit across the EU [ESRI working paper no. 550]. Dublin: ESRI. Liu, L. (2018). Where does multinational investment go with territorial taxation? Evidence from the UK [IMF
Rita Remeikiene and Ligita Gaspareniene
The topic of competitiveness is becoming increasingly significant in the context of modern economics. Considering intensive processes of globalisation alongside with competitive pressure amongst the countries, competitiveness has become a necessary condition for successful economic and social development of any country. Only by creating, enforcing and maintaining international competitiveness of the country, rapid economic growth during the long term is achievable. Amongst the other urgent issues, the European Union (further the EU) public policies are also focused on competitiveness. After the failure to implement the Lisbon strategy and become “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy”, the EU declared its new competitiveness aims in the long-term strategy Europe 2020. Promotion of competitiveness is one of the fundamental aims and priority directions of the EU structural policy. The EU structural support is engaged as one of the public policy measures to promote the competitiveness of the member-states. In this context, it is purposeful to research whether the structural support is used efficiently and whether it actually contributes to the implementation of the defined aims. Under the order of various Lithuanian institutions, numerous studies on the efficiency of the EU structural support have been carried out. Nevertheless, by analysing the impact of the EU structural support, insufficient attention has been paid to the aspect of competitiveness. Considering the fact that Lithuania has entered the third programming period 2014-2020, evaluation of the EU structural investment in the country has become even more topical - for successful implementation of the aims raised for this new period, the analysis of the previous results is relevant. This determined formulation of the research problem: what impact does the EU structural support have on the competitiveness of Lithuanian economics? The empirical research has revealed that the EU structural support has a positive impact on Lithuanian gross domestic product growth, promotes foreign direct investment, research and development expenditure and increases the number of operating entities during 2004-2014 period.
Chris van Egeraat and Eleanor Doyle
Ireland. (2003). Annual report 2002. Dublin: IDA Ireland. IDA Ireland. (2015). Winning: Foreign direct investment 2015-2019. Dublin: IDA Ireland. Ketels, C. (2015). Competitiveness and clusters: Implications for a new European growth strategy [WWW for Europe (Welfare, Wealth, Work) working paper no. 84]. Retrieved from http://www.foreurope.eu [4 January 2018]. Ketels, P., & Protsiv, S. (2014). Methodology and findings report for a cluster mapping of related sectors. Brussels: European Commission. Laemmer
direct investment 2015–2019. Retrieved from http://www.idaireland.com/en/docs/publications/IDA_STRATEGY_FINAL.pdf [15 July 2015]. Indecon. (2005). Review of local government financing. Dublin: Indecon. ISO. (2014). ISO 37120:2014 Sustainable development of communities – Indicators for city services and quality of life. Retrieved from http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=62436 [10 May 2015]. Jones Lang La Salle. (2013). The business of cities 2013: What do 150 city indexes and benchmarking studies tell us about the urban world in