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Dierk Hagedorn

Abstract

In this paper I will describe the adventurous history of an important late medieval German fechtbuch—a fighting manual—that belongs to a number of manuscripts known as the Gladiatoria group. In the beginning, the extent and the characteristics of this group of codices are explained; later on I will deal with one specific specimen that formerly belonged to a library in Germany—the Herzogliche Bibliothek in Gotha—from where it vanished during or after World War II. Until quite recently this manuscript was believed to be lost. I was able to identify a Gladiatoria manuscript from the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven, Connecticut, as that missing manuscript. The article presents a detailed description of the manuscript; it follows the path of the many places the codex passed through from the days of its creation until the present time; it offers a thorough line of argument that proves on one hand that the manuscript from New Haven is in fact identical to the one that disappeared from Gotha, and that verifies on the other hand an assumption by the renowned researcher Hans-Peter Hils that it is identical to yet another believed-to-be-lost manuscript that was sold by auction in Heidelberg in the 1950s and 1960s as single leaves; and finally it makes an attempt to reconstruct the original structure of the manuscript after it had been pulled apart.

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Fanny Binard and Daniel Jaquet

& translation of Europe’s oldest personal combat treatise, Royal Armouries MS I.33 (Union City: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2003). Hester, James, ‘A Few Leaves Short of a Quire: Is the “Tower Fechtbuch” Incomplete?’, Arms & Armour, 9 (2012), 20-24. Leng, Rainer, Hella Frühmorgen-Voss, Norbert H. Ott, Ulrike Bodemann, Peter Schmidt, and Christine Stöllinger-Löser, Katalog Der Deutschsprachigen Illustrierten Handschriften Des Mittelalters Band 4/2, Lfg. 1/2: 38: 38. Fecht- Und Ringbücher, C.H. Beck (München: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2008

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Chassica Kirchhoff

Fechtbuch, circa 1320s (Leeds, Royal Armouris, MS I. 33), images available online: < https://collections.royalarmouries.org/archive/rac-archive-391002.html > accessed 20.04.2015 Peter Falkner, Kunst zu Ritterliche Were, circa 1491-1495 (Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Inv. KK 5012) Johannes Hartlieb, published by Anton Sorg, The History of Alexander the Great (Die Histori von dem grossen Allexander), 1478 (Washington D.C., Library of Congress, Incun.1478. L4), online < https://www.loc.gov/item/48036564/ > accessed 23.01. 2018 Paulus Kal

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Jürg Gassmann

: Bischofberger, 1999) Bodemer, Heidemarie, Das Fechtbuch : Untersuchungen zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der bildkünstlerischen Darstellung der Fechtkunst in den Fechtbüchern des mediterranen und westeuropäischen Raumes vom Mittelalter bis Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts (Diss. Stuttgart) (Stuttgart: Institut für Kunstgeschichte, 2008) Bosshard, Ralph, ‘Militäruntemehmer aus dem Thurgau gegen Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts’, Thurgauer Beiträge zur Geschichte , 134 (1997), 7–116 Brakensiek, Stefan, ‘Juristen in frühneuzeitlichen Territorialstaaten: Familiale Strategien

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Jack Gassmann, Jürg Gassmann and Dominique Le Coultre

Abstract

This article is based on the talk presented on 27th November 2016 in the course of the Journées d’études sur le costume et les simulateurs d’armes dans les pratiques d’arts martiaux anciens. The talk itself involved practical demonstrations and interaction with other presentations given at the event; this article does not purport to be a transcript of the presentation, but elaborates on the key themes of the presentation: The objectives of HEMA as a modern practice, and their relationship to what we know about the historical practice of the European martial arts in the Middle Ages, including physical fitness, fencing techniques and tactical awareness, based on the Fechtbücher extant. A key element of the discussion involved a comparison between the objectives of and drivers behind historical and modern tournament rule-sets.

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Daniel Jaquet

References [Albrecht Dürer], [Fechtbuch], 1498-1585 (Wien, Albertina, 26-232). Anonymous, [Fechtbuch], 1508 (Glasgow, Glasgow Museums, E.1939.65.341). Anonymous, [Fechtbuch], ca. 1389 (Nurnberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, 3227a). Anonymous, [Goliath Fechtbuch], 1510-20 (Kraków, Biblioteka Jagiellońska, Germ. Quart. 2020). Hans Talhoffer, [Fechtbuch], 1448 (Gotha, Forschungsbibliothek, Chart. A 558). Hans von Speyer, [Fechtbuch], 1491 (Salzburg

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Bartłomiej Walczak and Bartosz Starko

V. BIBLIOGRAPHY V.1. Primary sources Albrecht Dürer, Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri , 1512, (Wien, Albertina, MS 26-232). Andre Pauernfeindt, Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst des Fechterey , Wien, Hieronymous Vietor, 1516. Anonymous, [Glasgow Fechtbuch], 1508 (Glasgow, Glasgow Museums, MS E.1939.65.341), Anonymous, Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss , 1560s (Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS Var. 82). George Erhart, [Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch], 1533 (Glasgow, Glasgow Museums, MS E.1939

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Economising Early Prints on Fight Books by Multiple Using Movable Half Page Woodcuts.

Insights into the layout work on the illustrations of Andre Paurnfeindt’s Fight Book of 1516 published by Hieronymus Vietor

Matthias Johannes Bauer

, Autoren und Werke nach Themenkreisen und Gattun-gen, Band 7: Das wissensvermittelnde Schrifttum im 15. Jahrhundert (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015), col. 1748f. Bauer, Matthias Johannes, ‘Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst’ – Das Frankfurter oder Egenolffsche Fechtbuch. Untersuchung und Edition (München: Herbert Utz Verlag, 2016) [PhD-thesis, Duisburg-Essen, Univ., 2016]. Bauer, Matthias Johannes, “Fachsprache oder Geheimsprache? Sondersprachliches in frühneuhoch-deutschen Ring- und Fechtlehren. Probleme und Perspektiven eines germanistischen Untersuchungs

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Julia Gräf

VII. BIBLIOGRAPHY VII.1. Primary sources Leeds, Royal Armouries, Ms. I.33: “Tower Fechtbuch” aka “Walpurgis Fechtbuch”, Southern Germany ca. 1300 < https://collections.royalarmouries.org/archive/rac-archive-391002.html > [latest access 27.06.2017]. Wien, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. vindob. 2759: “Wenzelsbibel”, Band 1, Wien 1390-1400 < http://www.handschriftencensus.de/11115 > [latest access 27.06.2017]. Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. Pal Germ. 848: “Große Heidelberger Liederhandschrift” aka “Codex Manesse”, Zürich 1304

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Reinier van Noort and Jan Schäfer

References Otto Friedrich Breul, Bey der Wohlansehnlichen Leichbegängnüs des Wohl-Edlen Hochachbahren und Wohl-Mannvesten Herren Joh. Joachimus Hynitzsch (Halberstadt: Johann Erasmus Hynitzsch, 1707) Salvator Fabris, Lo Schermo, overo Scienza d’Arme (Copenhagen: Henrico Waltkirch, 1606) Erhardus Henning, Kurtze jedoch gründliche Unterrichtung vom Hieb-fechten (Königsberg, 1658) Sebastian Heussler, Neu Kunstlich Fechtbuch (Nürnberg: Ludwig Lochner, 1615) Johann Joachim Hynitzsch