Jozo Grgic, Filip Sabol, Sandro Venier, Jason Tallis, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Juan Del Coso and Pavle Mikulic
optimal for everyone? Inter-individual variation in caffeine ergogenicity, and a move towards personalised sports nutrition Sports Med 2018 48 1 7 16
Pickering C, Kiely J. What should we do about habitual caffeine use in athletes? Sports Med , 2019; 49(6): 833– 42 30173351 10.1007/s40279-018-0980-7
Pickering C Kiely J What should we do about habitual caffeine use in athletes? Sports Med 2019 49 6 833 42
Pickering C. Caffeine, CYP1A2 genotype, and sports performance: is timing important? Ir J Med Sci , 2019; 188(1): 349–50 29633162
Małgorzata Michalczyk, Adam Zajac, Kazimierz Mikolajec, Grzegorz Zydek and Józef Langfort
( Simopoulos, 2008 ). Additionally, they reduce the concentration of LDL-cholesterol.
The current study evaluated the effects of a well-controlled 4-week low carbohydrate diet (LCD) followed by a 7-day carbohydrate loading protocol (Carbo-L) on the blood concentration of lipoproteins, glucose, insulin and the HOMA-IR index in competitive basketball players. Changes in body mass and body composition were also assessed.
Eleven male basketball players (age 24.27 ± 2.6 y; body mass (BM) 91.41 ± 5.17 kg; body height 192.8 ± 3.6 cm; fat free mass (FFM) 48.62 ± 6