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Caffeine Supplementation for Powerlifting Competitions: an Evidence-Based Approach

optimal for everyone? Inter-individual variation in caffeine ergogenicity, and a move towards personalised sports nutrition Sports Med 2018 48 1 7 16 Pickering C, Kiely J. What should we do about habitual caffeine use in athletes? Sports Med , 2019; 49(6): 833– 42 30173351 10.1007/s40279-018-0980-7 Pickering C Kiely J What should we do about habitual caffeine use in athletes? Sports Med 2019 49 6 833 42 Pickering C. Caffeine, CYP1A2 genotype, and sports performance: is timing important? Ir J Med Sci , 2019; 188(1): 349–50 29633162

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No Modification in Blood Lipoprotein Concentration but Changes in Body Composition After 4 Weeks of Low Carbohydrate Diet (LCD) Followed by 7 Days of Carbohydrate Loading in Basketball Players

( Simopoulos, 2008 ). Additionally, they reduce the concentration of LDL-cholesterol. The current study evaluated the effects of a well-controlled 4-week low carbohydrate diet (LCD) followed by a 7-day carbohydrate loading protocol (Carbo-L) on the blood concentration of lipoproteins, glucose, insulin and the HOMA-IR index in competitive basketball players. Changes in body mass and body composition were also assessed. Methods Eleven male basketball players (age 24.27 ± 2.6 y; body mass (BM) 91.41 ± 5.17 kg; body height 192.8 ± 3.6 cm; fat free mass (FFM) 48.62 ± 6

Open access