Michal Klobučník CDFMR, Martin Plešivčák CDFMR and Milan Vrábeľ CDFMR
annual GDP of at least 200 billion EUR. These regions are located in Spain ( Cataluña ), Italy ( Lombardia ), Germany ( Oberbayern ) and France ( Rhône Alpes and the absolutely richest region of Île de France with an average annual GDP of over 600 billion EUR).
Average annual GDP of EuropeanUnion NUTS 2 regions in 2007–2016
Source : research results (authorsˈ calculations)
In the spatial analysis of the average annual market value of clubs in NUTS 2 regions of the EU, it is possible to identify the dominance of Western Europe over Eastern
Magdalena Bialic-Davendra, Pavel Bednář, Lukáš Danko and Jana Matošková
Power, D., 2011: The European Cluster Observatory Priority Sector Report: Creative and Cultural Industries, In: Europa Innova Paper N° 16. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the EuropeanUnion. Available from: http://www.divaportal.org/smash/get/diva2:359744/FULLTEXT01.pdf, DoA 10 June 2015.
Rowlands, H.B., 2005: Grounded in Practice: Using Interpretive Research to Build Theory. In: Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, Volume 3, Issue 1, Academic Publishing Ltd, pp. 81-92.
Selada, C., Cunha, I. and Tomaz, E., 2012: Creative
Aleksandra Lewandowska CDFMR and Adam Piasecki CDFMR
to analyse and evaluate water and sewage management in Polish cities in terms of sustainable development. It is the authors’ intention to show the changes in water and sewage management since Poland’s accession to the EuropeanUnion (EU). The focus was therefore on the period 2004–2016. The work includes all cities that are poviat capitals, excluding the city of Wałbrzych (due to the collected data being incomplete), i.e. 65 cities. The selected group of cities should be considered representative. It represents a total of 12.6 million inhabitants, constituting 32
. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/www.volby.cz/, 15 March 2015.
Woods, M, 2013: Regions engaging globalization: A typology of regional responses in rural Europe. In: Journal of Rural and Community Development, Vol. 8, Issue 3, Brandon University, pp. 113-126.
Yoder, J.A., 2003: Bridging the EuropeanUnion and Eastern Europe: Cross-border cooperation and the euroregions. In: Regional & Federal Studies, Vol. 13, Issue 3, Taylor & Francis, pp. 90-106. DOI: http://dx-.doi.org/10.1080/13597560308559436
Sociological Review, Vol. 57(4), pp. 608-625. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-954X.2009.01864.x
Coates, K.S., Healy, R. and Morrison, W.R., 2002: Tracking the snowbirds: seasonal migration from Canada to the U.S.A. and Mexico. In: American Review of Canadian Studies, Vol. 32(3), pp. 433-450. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02722010209481670
Dibble, S., 2010: Mexican health care for Americans studied. In: San Diego Union-Tribune, 21 April 2010. Available at: http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2010/apr/21/mexican
Agata Frankowska CDFMR, Izabella Łęcka CDFMR and Jan Frankowski CDFMR
Poland, along with other Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, has been recognised as an emerging donor since the new millennium. The literature concerning Polish development assistance is rich, though it is not diversified in terms of the range of topics. Since the accession of Poland to the EuropeanUnion, foreign institutions, non-governmental organisations and individual scientists have been analysing the Polish development cooperation system mainly from the perspective of the Visegrad Group countries ( Drążkiewicz-Grodzicka, 2013
. 2015 Pharmaceutical counseling: Between evidence-based medicine and profits International Journal of risk and safety in medicine 27 Suppl 1 S87 8 doi http://doi.org/10.3233/JRS-150701
Pharmaceutical Group of EuropeanUnion. (2012). European Community Pharmacy Blueprint, 2012 Report
Pharmaceutical Group of EuropeanUnion 2012 European Community Pharmacy Blueprint 2012 Report
Horon KHT, Gorman SK, Heukshorst S. Should pharmacy technicians provide clinical services or perform patient care activities in areas without a pharmacist? Can J Hosp
Miszczak, K., 2009: Modern determinants of regional development (on the example of Poland and Turkey). In: Piotrowska, M., Kurowski, L. editors, Global challenges and policies of the EuropeanUnion - consequences for the “new member states”. Research Papers of Wrocław University of Economics, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu, Wrocław, pp. 324-333.
Mucha-Leszko, B. and Kąkol, M., 2009: Rozwój infrastruktury a proces konwergencji gospodarczej (Infrastucture development and the process of an economic convergence - in Polish). Available from: http
Carlos Coca Gamito CDFMR and Georgios Baltos CDFMR
asymmetric shocks within a monetary union.
Recently, thanks to the improvement in data quality and on the grounds of the large asymmetric crisis suffered by the Eurozone, there has been an immense effort to clarify the factors driving the flows of workers in Europe. Most of them go beyond the traditional economic motivation behind labour migration. E. Sprenger ( Sprenger, 2013 ) has pointed out the importance of some of these variables, such as linguistic proximity, immigrant networks and geographic factors. Moreover, M. Kahanec ( Kahanec, 2013 ) focuses on the effect of
Risto Kalliola CDFMR, Niina Käyhkö CDMR and Sanna Jokela DFMR
( Masó et al ., 2012 ). An important milestone was the INSPIRE directive of the EuropeanUnion (EU) launched in 2007 ( INSPIRE 2007 ). The third generation of SDIs (from the 2010s forward) shifted toward interactive user-oriented solutions with volunteer GIS and crowdsourcing opportunities ( Budhatoki et al ., 2008 ). For example, since 2004 the OpenStreetMap consortium has enabled enthusiastic amateur mappers to produce local knowledge for new geospatial information ( Sadeghi-Niaraki et al ., 2010 ). In the late 2010s, increasing the links of GI with a variety of