Shifting the Most Important Courts in the Country , Wash. Post (Sept. 4, 2018). For conservatives this raised the prospect of the judicial branch of government making supportive rulings on a range of issues, potentially including restrictions on access to abortion services; further limiting the scope of afirmative action programs; prioritizing gun rights over gun control, and placing limits on the power of labor unions. For liberals, this demoralizing narrative highlighted how, over two terms, President Obama had not been able to transform the federal bench, and
The negotiations between the EuropeanUnion (E.U.) and the United States of America (U.S.) regarding a free-trade agreement called the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) were launched in 2013 and are ongoing. Both parties have declared their intention to finish the negotiations by the end of 2016 but this timeline seems unrealistic in view of the (number of) unresolved issues. EU , US Negotiators Push for 2016 Deal , Though “TTIP Light” Not an Option , 20 Bridges Weekly 1 (May 4, 2016). In a speech before the summer break
states, progress at the WTO has foundered on: “confrontations between states”; the increasingly complex nature of the negotiations which have moved from concerns with tariffs to complex technical matters such as phytosanitary protection and intellectual property; and the rise of “concerns on sovereignty.” Viviane de Beaufort, The EuropeanUnion and the New Face(s) of International Trade , 1 Int. Bus. L. I. 39, 41 (2015). As a result multilateralism on the WTO model has suffered a decline in popularity originating in “a general lack of enthusiasm from states and
). Slowly progressing negotiations are underway with the EuropeanUnion (EU), which if and when successful would add another twenty-eight countries as FTA partners. SeeEU Commission , The Transatlantic Trade Investment Partnership, available at http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/ttip (last visited Mar. 26, 2016). Should the U.K. withdraw from the EU, as seems highly likely as of October 2016, the number would of course be reduced to 27. U.S. policy has also shifted from seeing free trade agreements as a second best approach to trade liberalization to one where
resorted to trade deals outside, with other like-minded parties. In the last decade, news on world trade has been dominated by the discussions on Mega-Regionals, and the WTO no longer is as newsworthy. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the EuropeanUnion (EU)-Canada Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA) have been, for better and for worse, in the front page of major world newspapers, while the recent WTO Ministerial in Nairobi barely made it to any newspapers at all.
In the WTO, transparency
little significance for U.S. trade. Bernard K. Gordon, By Invitation Only: Cozy Free Trade Deals Subvert Global Integration , Yale Global Online, Feb. 13, 2003, available at http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/invitation-only-cozy-free-trade-deals-subvert-global-integration (last visited Jul. 20, 2016). In contrast, the United States have no free trade agreements with some of their major trading partners, namely, China and the EuropeanUnion even though the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the aggregate account for more than China in
approach to that for conflict minerals.
Part II of this article initially provides an overview of citizenship and statelessness. Further, it explores the plight of stateless children, contending that public law initiatives alone to date have been unsuccessful in their attempt to address this problem. Thereafter, the article sets out the background to the sourcing and usage of conflict minerals from the DRC and considers legal responses to this situation by (1) Congress in the form of Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act; (2) the United Kingdom and the EuropeanUnion; (3
media, summarized in Ewan McGaughey, Could Brexit Be Void? King’s L. J. (forthcoming 2019). Russian coal and oil are $183bn of its total $316bn in exports, See Observatory of Economic Complexity: atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/rus/ . near 60 per cent of its export economy. So, Russia is backing political movements that deny climate damage. It will do anything to stall a zero-carbon future. For Russia’s kleptocrats, breaking American democracy and the EuropeanUnion are questions, not just of business sense, but economic survival, because every lump of
, for example, violations of due process or of domestic law, rather than only egregious or outrageous conduct. See e.g ., Clayton & Bilcon of Delaware, Inc. v. Canada, Award on Jurisdiction and Liability, ¶¶ 438-44 (Perm. Ct. Arb. Case No. 2009-04, Mar. 17, 2015). Cf Clayton & Bilcon of Delaware, Inc. v. Canada, (dissenting opinion of Professor Donald McRae) (Perm. Ct. Arb. Case No. 2009-04, Mar. 10, 2015). In contrast, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the EuropeanUnion (CETA) Consolidated Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement
TTIP stems from the proposal made by the EU. See Proposal of the EuropeanUnion for Investment Protection and Resolution of Investment Disputes, Nov. 12, 2015, available at http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2015/november/tradoc_153955.pdf [hereinafter EU TTIP Proposal]. and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), RCEP is negotiated among 16 countries: the 10 Members of ASEAN and six countries with which ASEAN has existing free trade agreements (FTAs), that is, Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, and New Zealand. See Amokura Kawharu