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The Constitutional Court of Romania and European Union Law

Abstract

The Constitutional Court of Romania has subjected the introduction of a norm of European Union law into the constitutionality control, as an interposed norm to the standard norm. On the one hand, the norm should be sufficiently clear, precise and unequivocal in itself, or its meaning should have been clearly, precisely and unequivocally established by the Court of Justice of the European Union, and on the other hand it should be circumscribed by a certain level of constitutional relevance, so that its normative content could support the possible breach of the Constitution - the only direct standard norm within the constitutionality control - by national law. However, the experience of the Constitutional Court of Romania over the eight years (2007-2014) since the EU accession, does not seem to be very convincing, irrespective of the way in which European Union law, including the case law of the CJUE has been used: as justifying or circumstantial argument, as a mere reference or in an inadequate context.

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United States Financial Institution Resolution System as a Possible Inspiration for the European Union

Abstract

In the current time there are many initiatives that are aimed to protect financial institution clients in the European Union. Current economic and financial crisis has shown that there is a need for common approach in this area. Some proposals have been passed. But there are still some in the bill stage and the deposit guarantee schema is one of them. The aim of the article is therefore to describe briefly and assess the proposed European model. The article also contains comparison with the operating United States model due to the inspiration possibility.

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Les types de monopoles appartenant aux avocats et le rôle des directives de reconnaissance dans l’Union européenne et la Slovaquie

visant a faciliter l’exercice permanent de la profession d’avocat dans un État membre autre que celui ou la qualification a été acquise, JO CE n° L 77 du 14.3.1998, p. 36. PERTEK, Jacques. L’Europe des professions d’avocat apres la directive 98/5 sur l’exercice permanent dans un autre État membre. Revue du Marché commun et de l’Union européenne, 2001, pp. 108-109. M. Esperança Ginebra Mollins and J. Tarabal Bosch (eds). El Reglamento (UE) 650/2012: su impacto en las sucesiones transfronterizas. Madrid-Barcelona-Buenos Aires-Sao Paulo

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The Kelsenian Model of Constitutional Review in Times of European Integration – Reconsidering the Basic Features

Constitutionalism? . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010 HALBERSTAM, Daniel, Local, Global and Plural Constitutionalism. In. DE BÚRCA, Gráinne, WEILER, Joseph Halevi Horowitz (eds). The Worlds of European Constitutionalism . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2012 HALBERSTAM, Daniel. Constitutional Heterarchy: The Centrality of Conflict in the European Union and the United States. In. DUNOFF, Jeffrey Dunoff, TRACHTMAN, Joel (eds.). Ruling the World? Constitutionalism, International Law and Global Government . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press HAMUĽÁK

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Criminal Liability of Legal Persons in Case of Computer Crime: A European Union Response

References Blanke H J, Mangiameli S (eds) (2013) The Treaty on European Union (TEU): A Commentary. Springer, Berlin - Heidelberg. Boister N (2012) An Introduction to Transnational Criminal Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Brenner S W (2010) Cybercrime: Criminal Th reats from Cyberspace. Praeger, Santa Barbara. Clough J (2010) Principles of Cybercrime. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Ivor J, Klimek L, Záhora J (2013) Trestné právo Európskej únie a jeho vplyv na právny

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Post-Brexit. The Politics of Resentment and EU Reintegration: Creating A New Legal Constitution for Capitalism

Chapter in Britain’s Storied History . [Online] Available at:< https:www.ntyimes.com/2016/06/25/world/Europe/Brexit_european-union-uncertain-charpter-in-britains-storied-history.html > 24 June 2016 [Accessed 31 March 2019]. European Elections: Country – by – Country Roundup. [Online] Available at: < https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-48420697 > 27 May 2019 [Accessed 27 May 2019]. European Elections: Power Blocs Lose Grip on Parliament .[online]Available at: < https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-48417744 > 29 May 2019 [Accessed 29 May 2019

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Delayed Repayment of Corporate Loans in the European Union: Can the Late Payment Directive be Applied to Loan Contracts?

References Bilotta, Cara. Ending The Commercial Siesta: The Shortcomings Of European Union Directive 2011/7 On Combating Late Payments In Commercial Transactions. Brook­lyn Journal Of International Law, 2013, Vol. 38, No. 2, Pp. 699-727. Freitag, Robert. Unternehmenskredit Und Zahlungsverzug. Zeitschrift Für Wirtschaftsre­cht, 2015, Vol. 36, No. 38, Pp. 1805-1811. Junglas, Benjamin. Darlehensrückzahlungsforderungen Als Entgeltforderungen Isd § 288 Ii Bgb?. Neue Juristische Online-Zeitschrift 2015, Vol. 15, No. 8

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Euratom and Brexit: Could the United Kingdom Maintain One Foot in the European Union? Current Scenarios and Future Prospects of British withdrawal from the EAEC

References Beghè Loreti, Adriana. Il Recesso Dalle Organizzazioni Internazionali, Milan, 1967. Circolo, Andrea; Hamulak, Ondrej; Blazo, Ondrej. Art. 50 Tue - How To Under­stand The ‘Right’ Of The Member State To Withdraw From The European Union?, In Ramiro Troitiño D., Kerikmäe, T., Chochia, A (Eds.), Brexit - History, Reasoning And Perspectives, Zurich, 2018, 199. Circolo, Andrea. Brevi Note Sulle Conclusioni Del Primo Accordo Di Recesso: Brexit Deal, In Rivista Eurojus.It, 2017. Curti Gialdino

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Farrell II and the Concept of an ‘Emanation of the State’

References BARNARD, Catherine, PEERS, Steve (eds.) European Union law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014 BECKER, Florian, CAMPBELL, Angus. The direct effect of European directives: towards the final act? Columbia Journal of European Law , 2007, vol.13, issue 1, pp. 401–426 CRAIG, Paul. The Legal Effect of Directives: Policy, Rules and Exceptions, European Law Review, 2009, issue 3, pp.349–377 HAMUĽÁK, Ondrej, STEHLÍK Václav. European Union Constitutional Law : Revealing the Complex Constitutional System of the European Union

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The European Union Policy of Combating the Drug Turnover

Abstract

The article deals with the problem of fighting the drug trafficking and drug abuse within the European Union. It describe the background of the issue and deals with the impact of the abolition of border controls within the Union on the increase and character of the drug turnover. She moreover points on the other negative side-effect, i.e. the increase of criminality caused by the abuse of drugs. Th en she analysis the contemporary legal regulation of the drug trafficking and drug abuse in Poland and within the European Union and compare both regulations. She critically calls for the establishment of the comprehensive common strategy to avoid the negative outcomes of the “free drugs turnover” within the territory of the Union.

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