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The Evolution of EU Regional Policy and its Funding

Abstract

Regional policy in the European Union becomes more and more important every year, especially in the last few years. As the experiences of the European Union show, structural programs or other forms of support are most effective when realized in the regions, for the regions and through the regions.

The role and position of the regions in the EU strengthens every year. In the following years, regions will work and participate in the EU budget even more intensively. Therefore, there will be more and more programs and grants to be realized in the regions and through the regions.

Open access
Hybrid PPP Projects in the Programming Periods of 2007–2013 and 2014–2020

Abstract

Hybrid public-private partnership (PPP) projects in Poland emerged during EU programming period 2007–2013 with minimal impact, but this experience has given way to the opportunity of widen application during the financial perspective 2014–2020. In the 2007–2013 period various programs utilized the benefits of PPP in sensus largo manner. However PPPs in the 2014–2020 period seeks to create a leverage effect encouraging the private sector to increase its interest in investments connected to the development of the goals of the European Union. New regulations concerning EU Cohesion Policy eliminate some barriers in hybrid PPPs thus allowing the connection of various public and private sector resources. It seems that 2014–2020 period will allow for more integration of EU funds with private capital in the PPP framework. However the implementation of some regulatory provisions may be hindered unless guidelines, procedures and implementation conditions of hybrid projects are adopted.

Open access