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Introduction

]. European Commission: Open Access 2019 Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/index.cfm?pg=openaccess accessed 2019, February 19 European Commission. (2012). Commission recommendation of 17 July 2012 on access to and preservation of scientific information (2012/417/EU). Official Journal of the European Union L 194/39-43. European Commission. 2012 Commission recommendation of 17 July 2012 on access to and preservation of scientific information (2012/417/EU) Official Journal of the European Union L 194/39-43 McKenzie, L. (2019

Open access
Media disruption and the public interest
How private media managers talk about responsibility to society in an era of turmoil

analysis of the way in which media managers talk about service to society. Norwegian and Flemish public interest expectations With their small markets (6.5 million and 5 million inhabitants, respectively) and limited export potential as small language areas, Flanders and Norway belong to a category of European societies in which comprehensive policy measures have been considered necessary to sustain a national public sphere. Benson and Powers (2011) showed, for example, that both Belgium and Norway have high public spending on the media, not least compared with

Open access
The delay economy of “continuity” and the emerging impatience culture of the digital era

between the four major television providers. In terms of ownership, DR is an independent, publicly owned institution, while TV 2/Danmark is a publicly owned limited company. NENT and Discovery are the Danish branches of multinational corporations operating in many other countries, too. Both broadcast to Denmark from the UK to avoid Danish television advertising laws, which are stricter than those formulated by British (or European Union) regulations. TV 2/Danmark, NENT and Discovery are all funded by advertising and subscriptions. However, under Danish law, TV 2/Danmark

Open access
Disrupting journalism from scratch
Outlining the figure of the entrepreneur–journalist in four French pure players

other co-founders: Damien Cirotteau, previously head of technical services at Rue89 for seven years, Jean-Christophe Boulanger, the founder of a professional magazine focused on French and European politics as well as head of the Syndicat de la Presse Indépendante d’Information en Ligne (SPIIL), the online news media union, and Alexandre Brachet, the founder and head of the production company Upian.fr, specializing in online multimedia documentaries. Les Jours (2016) arose from the discontent of a dozen journalists at Libération after a change in ownership in

Open access