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Upon accession to the European Union, the SME sector in Poland found itself in a much more difficult situation than that of similar enterprises which had operated in the EU for years. New phenomena have occurred in this environment, including globalization, with not only its economic dimension, but also structural and functional ones, which comprehensively affects all fields of enterprises’ operations. Growth of competitiveness of SMEs, in particular of microenterprises, is a very interesting aspect and questions arise as to possible new methods of management which could help achieve this goal. This article presents the author's own research on SMEs in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship from the perspective of competitive factors in the management process. The factors of chief significance to growth and development are presented as exemplified by marketing and logistic management process in a microenterprise.
The insurance system is a very important element of the financial system of a country. As institutions of public trust, insurance companies play a crucial role in the process of transforming savings into investments, which directly affects the country’s economic development. Maintaining the insurance sector in a good financial condition guarantees stability of the financial system and economic development of Poland.
The article aims to present the essence of operations of insurance companies as financial institutions, present their role in the economy, and describe various methods of appraising their financial condition.
In order to fulfil the above goals, a research hypothesis is put forward stating that the financial condition of the insurance sector in Poland deteriorated in the analysed period as a result of an adverse impact of turbulence in financial markets and problems in financial systems in the European Union countries.
The system transformation which started in the last decade of the previous century and the accompanying transition into market oriented economy have contributed to the increase of foreign investors’ interest in committing their capital in Poland. The interest grew even more after Poland joined the European Union. With limited national financial resources and great demand for the same, foreign investment has been a desirable factor supporting and accelerating economic growth.
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the changes in the level and structure of foreign capital in Poland in the years 2008–2013, that is during the period of economic downturn following the global financial crisis. The point is, first of all, to find an answer to the following question: to what extent has the economic destabilisation caused by the crisis influenced the decisions of foreign investors concerning investing their capital in Poland? This allows to verify the following scientific hypothesis: during crisis stability of the financial system of the country in which parent companies have their seats is more important for foreign investors than financial security of the host country. The analysis covers total foreign capital, that is both direct and portfolio investment, as well as derivatives and credit facilities. The empirical part of the study has been based on the information published by the National Bank of Poland.
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