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Selected determinants of the professional identity of dietitian in the context of legal regulations on the practice of dietitian in Poland and the European Union

położnej podstawowej opieki zdrowotnej (Dz. U. z 2016 r., poz. 1567). 27. bda.uk.com [Internet] British Dietetic Association, Birmingham; [cited 2018 Jul 20] Available from: https://www.bda.uk.com/improvinghealth/healthprofessionals/cost_benefit_of_dietitians . 28. Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualifications, article 3, point 1(a). Official Journal of the European Union; L 255/22 30.9.2005. 29. http://www.sejm.gov.pl/ [Internet] Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

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Traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine products: a possible cause for concern – the Polish perspective

. 2015;173:318-29. 7. Fan TP, Deal G, Koo HL, et al. Future development of global regulations of Chinese herbal products. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:568-86. 8. Sammons HM, Gubarev MI, Krepkova LV, et al. Herbal medicines: challenges in the modern world. Part 2. European Union and Russia. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2016;9:1117-27. 9. Wiesener S, Falkenberg T, Hegyi G, et al. Legal status and regulation of CAM in Europe. Part I – CAM regulations in the European countries. CAMbrella Final Report Work Package 2. (cited 2018 Feb 2). [ http

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International strategies in the face of aging population

-SPC Joint Report on Pensions, Brussels. [ http://europa.eu/epc/pdf/interim_epc-spc_joint_report_on_pensions_final_en.pdf .] 9. Lewis J. The Council of the European Union and the European Council. In: M. Cini, N. Pѐrez-Solόrzano Borragan. European Union Politics. Oxford United Kingdom 2013.p. 142-5. 10. Komisja Europejska. [ http://ec.europa.eu/about/index_pl.htm ] 11. Komisja Europejska. Zielona Księga. Wobec zmian demograficznych: nowa solidarność między pokoleniami. Bruksela, COM (2005) 94 końcowy. [ http

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Drug Closure of a Patent Ductus Arteriosus in an Extremely Low Birth Weight Premature Newborn. A Case Report

zdrowia publicznego mających na celu zwalczanie chorób zwyrodnieniowych ośrodkowego układu nerwowego związanych ze starzeniem się, zwłaszcza choroby Alzheimera (16516/08). 10. Rezolucja Parlamentu Europejskiego z dnia 19 stycznia 2011r. w sprawie europejskiej inicjatywy dotyczącej choroby Alzheimera i pozostałych demencji (2010/2084 (INI)). Dz.U. Unii Europejskiej (2012/C 136 E/07). 11. Cele Alzheimer Europe. [http://www.alzheimer-europe.org/Alzheimer- Europe/Our-work/Aims] 12. Kim jesteśmy. [http://www.alzheimer-europe.org/Alzheimer-Europe/ Who-we-are] 13

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Healthy Stadia Programme: innovative approach to health promotion

REFERENCES 1. Drygas W, Ruszkowska J, Philpott M, et al. Good practices and health policy analysis in European sports stadia: results from the ‘Healthy Stadia’ project. Health Promot Int. 2013;28(2):157-65. 2. Crabb J, Ratinckx L. The healthy stadia initiative: a report for north west public health team. Department of health, UK; 2005. 3. Parnell D, Curran K, Philpott M. Chapter 12: Healthy Stadia: A settings based approach to health promotion. In: D. Parnell, P. Krustrup. Sport and health: the current state of play. London: Routledge; 2017

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The Attitude of the Students of the Academy of Physical Education to Smoking Habits

Abstract

Introduction. Poland is among the top ten countries of the European Union displaying the highest intensity of smoking.

Aim. To evaluate the frequency and intensity of smoking, the strength of nicotine addiction and the motivation to discontinue smoking, among students of the Academy of Physical Education.

Material and methods. First, a survey involving an anonymous questionnaire (which included both the Fageström and Schneider tests), was conducted within a population of 276 students. Next, this was analyzed statistically using the Statystica 7.1 program.

Results. The initial results of this research showed that 29, 71% of all respondents smoke cigarettes. Moreover, the applied Fageström test revealed that the test population was either: slightly addicted (44, 72% of all respondents), moderately addicted (34, 84% of all respondents), or heavily addicted (17.44%).

Conclusions. The prevalence of smoking among students of the Academy of Physical Education remains alarming. Furthermore, the negative health behaviors contribute to an adverse overview of the health of the questioned students.

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Rubella outbreak in Poland in 2013 – an analysis of surveillance data at the national and province level

of Polish Immunization Schedule during the last 10 years. Przegl Epidemiol. 2012;66:107-12. 7. European Commission. Commission decision of 19 March 2002 laying down case definitions for reporting communicable diseases to the Community network under Decision No 2119/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. Official Journal of the European Union. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Communities. 3.4.2002:L 86/44. [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2002:086:0044:0062:EN:PDF] 8

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Children road traffic injuries in Poland

, Poland. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2012;20(2):116. 6. Paradowska M. Comparison of Road Safety Policy Objectives in Poland and in the European Union. Transport Development Challenges in the Twenty-First Century: Springer; 2016. p. 103-23. 7. Prochowski L. Analysis of the impact of road category and day of the week on accident hazard in the road transport of goods in Poland. J KONES. 2013;20. 8. Kisilowski J, Zalewski J. Chosen aspects of analysis of road traffic safety in Poland between 1995 and 2008. J KONBIN. 2010;14:409-20. 9. Sendek-Matysiak E

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Dietary supplements as a challenge for contemporary public health: scale of the phenomenon, health risk, legal regulations

systems in the European Union. Final report. European Commission, European Union; 2015. 12. Krajewski-Siuda K, Łach K. Samoleczenie - definicja problemu w kontekście nowych trendów społecznych. In: K. Krajewski-Siuda (ed). Odpowiedzialne i nowoczesne samoleczenie w systemie ochrony zdrowia. Warszawa: Fundacja Obywatele Zdrowo Zaangażowani; 2016. p. 8-13. 13. Komunikat z badań CBOS BS/52/98. Leczenie się domowymi sposobami. CBOS, Warszawa, kwiecień 1998: 1-7. 14. Roguska B, Feliksiak M. Stosowanie leków dostępnych bez

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Factors influencing the rationing of nursing care in Romania

References 1. Kirwan M. Bedside Rationing of Nursing Care: a European Union Response. NERP 2016;6(2):31-2. 2. Kalisch BJ, Landstrom GL, Hinshaw AS. Missed nursing care: a concept analysis. J Adv Nurs. 2009;65(7):1509–17. 3. Jones TL, Hamilton P, Murry N. Unfinished nursing care, missed care, and implicitly rationed care: State of the science review. Int J Nursing Stud. 2015;52:1121–37. 4. Schubert M, Glass Tr,Clarke SP, Aiken LH, Schaffert-Witvliet B, Sloane DM, De Geest S. Rationing of Nursing care and its relationship to patient outcomes

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