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Irish and Polish in a New Context of Diversity in Northern Ireland’s Schools

.d. Studying Scotland/Ionnsachadh Alba. Available at: (accessed 23 November 2016). Education Support for Northern Ireland. n.d. Inclusion and Diversity Service (IDS). Available at: (accessed 23 November 2016). Eur-Lex. Access to European Union Law. Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2015/2264 of 3 December 2015. Available at: (accessed 7 July 2017

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Motivational Factors in the Acquisition of Welsh in Poland


For some years now, Welsh has been taught as a foreign language outside Wales, most especially in other Celtic countries, central Europe – and Poland. The first courses were established in the Catholic University of Lublin in the 1980s, and this provision has expanded over the years to include a Celtic language specialisation within the Faculty of English at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Relying at first on teachers from Wales to provide instruction in Welsh, the Centre for Celtic Studies is increasingly producing new, competent speakers/users of Welsh among the Poles. An obvious question to be asked concerns motivational issues – why, on the eastern edges of the European Union, are there people willing to put the effort into learning a language from the far west of Europe, when they have, in some cases, little contact with regular users of Welsh? Through the use of focus group interviews, the present study attempts to discover what motivates Polish students to study Welsh in a context of limited direct contact with the speakers of the language and limited, indirect access to Welsh language and culture.

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Polish Migration’s Socio-Cultural Impact on Wales in the Aftermath of 2004 – Preliminary Findings from Western Wales: An Aberystwyth Case Study

REFERENCES Anderson, Bridget, Martin Ruhs, Ben Rogaly and Sarah Spencer. 2006. “Fair enough? Central and East European migrants in low-wage employment in the UK”, report written for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, published as a COMPAS Report. Available at: (accessed 26 January 2016). British Government. 2016. National Minimum Wage rates. Available at: (accessed 26 January 2016). Bohata, Kirsti. 2004. Postcolonialism revisited

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