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Determination of steroid esters in hair of slaughter animals by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry

fattening purposes in livestock has been banned in the European Union (EU) since 1988, according to Council Directives 96/22/EC and 2003/74/EC ( 7 , 8 ). The steroid esters that belong to the A3 group of banned substances should not be present in biological matrices of animal origin, just as other unauthorised substances having anabolic effect included in Annex 1 of Council Directive 96/23/EC. In line with the recommendations of the designated European Union Reference Laboratories (EURLs) which oversee and are responsible for the testing of prohibited substances in the

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Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 (HPAI/H5N1) Virus Search from Wild Birds in Ghana

.3791/3998. 12. Machalaba, C. C., Elwood, S. E., Forcella, S., et al., 2015: Global avian influenza surveillance in wild birds: a strategy to capture viral diversity. Emerg. Infect. Dis. , 21, 4, e1—e7. DOI: 10.3201/eid2104.141415. 13. Pittman, M., Laddomada, A., Freigofas, R., Piazza, V., Brouw, A., Brown, I. H., 2007: Surveillance, prevention, and disease management of avian influenza in the European Union. Journal of Wildlife Diseases , 43, S64—S70. 14. Samantha, J. L., Rogier, B., Anne, P., Jill, B., Bányai, K., Boni, M. F., et al., 2016: Role for

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Potential Health Risk to Humans Related to Accumulation of Brodifacoum and Bromadiolone in the Wheat Grown on Rodenticide Contaminated Soil

pesticides in or on food and feed of plant and animal origin and amending Council Directive 91/414/EEC, L70/1. 32. Regulation (EU) No. 528/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products. Official Journal of the European Union , L 167/1. 33. Ruiz-Suárez, N., Boada, L. D., Henríquez-Hernández, L. A., Almeida González, M., Calabuig, P., Estévez-López, D., et al., 2012: Presence of anticoagulant rodenticide residues in five predatory bird species of t he Canary Islands

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African swine fever virus – persistence in different environmental conditions and the possibility of its indirect transmission

proved that ASFV can be easily transmitted, either by direct contact or indirectly, .via swill feed or contaminated fomites like clothes, footwear, equipment, food waste, bedding, etc. The most spectacular example of the disease spreading through fomites is its current epidemics in Europe, where it was introduced by ships containing ASFV-contaminated kitchen wastes used to feed pigs near Poti docks. Subsequently, the disease spread quickly to the neighbouring Caucasian region, then to Eastern Europe, and finally reached European Union countries in 2014 ( 4

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Marine tetrodotoxin as a risk for human health – a review

fish 3 ( 6 ) China Goby fish 22 ( 68 ) Legislation Commission Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 establishes detailed regulations for hygiene in foodstuffs in the European Union. Section VIII, chapter V indicates that fishery products derived from poisonous fish of the Tetraodontidae , Molidae , Diodontidae , and Canthigasteridae families are banned from the market ( 7 ). In Japan, a regulatory limit of 2 mg equivalent of TTX/kg was laid down for tetrodotoxin, while in Europe appropriate criteria have not been determined ( 4 , 19

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Collection of Listeria monocytogenes Isolates from Milk, Dairy Products and Food Processing Environments in Slovakia for the Purposes of European Molecular Database

soft-ripened cheese — United States, 20815713. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 63, 294—295. 4. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) and ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control), 2015: The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2014. EFSA Journal , 13: 4329, 191 pp. 5. Felix, B., Danan, C., VanWalle, I., Lailler, R., Texier, T., Lombard, B., Brisabois, A., Roussel, S., 2014: Building a molecular Listeria monocytogenes database to centralise and share

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Control of residues of thyreostats in slaughter animals in Poland in 2011–2017

cattle). Fleischwirtsch 1979, 59, 248–250. 15. Regulation (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, Off J Eur Union 2017, L 95/1. 16. Regulation of the Polish Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of June 21, 2017 on the monitoring of prohibited substances, chemical and biological residues, medicinal products and radioactive

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Ready-to-eat meat products as a source of Listeria monocytogenes

Introduction Listeriosis is one of the most dangerous foodborne zoonoses with a high mortality rate reaching 20%–30% ( 32 , 33 , 39 ). Although it is a relatively rare illness, with the notification rate of 0.46 cases per 100,000 persons in 2015 in the European Union (EU), most of the infections required hospitalisation (97.4%) ( 9 ). At the same year 2,206 confirmed human listeriosis cases and 270 deaths were noted. In Poland in 2015, 70 people suffered from Listeria monocytogenes infection, with the notification rate of 0.18 ( 9 ). A significant

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Selected aspects related to epidemiology, pathogenesis, immunity, and control of African swine fever

References 1. Bastos A.D., Penright M.L., Cricière C., Edrich J.L., Hutchings G., Roger F., Couacy-Hymann E.R., Thomson G.: Genotyping field isolates of African swine fever virus by partial p72 gene characterisation. Arch Virol 2003, 148, 693–706. 2. Blasco R., Aguero M., Almendral J.M., Vinuela E.: Variable and constant regions in African swine fever virus DNA. Virology 1989, 168, 330–338. 3. Blome S., Gabriel C., Beer M.: Pathogenesis of African swine fever in domestic pigs and European wild boar. Virus Res 2013, 173, 122–130. 4. Boinas

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Determination of Zeranol and its Metabolites in Bovine Muscle Tissue with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

.F., Scahill B.G., West D.M.: Natural zeranol (α-zearalanol) in the urine of pasture-fed animals. J Agr Food Chem 1994, 42 , 2721-2725. 7. European Commission SANCO/2004/2726 Guidelines for the implementation of decision 2002/657/EC rev 4- December 2008. 8. European Community Council Directive 96/22/EC of 29 April 1996 concerning the prohibition on the use in stockfarming of certain substances having a hormonal or thyreostatic action and of β-agonists, and repealing Directives 81/602/EEC, 88/146/EEC and 88/299/EEC. Off J Eur Commun L125

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