, “Female Fertility in Talmudic Literature” (Hebrew), Hebrew Union College Annual 86-87 (2013-2014), pp. 47-94, and in particular pp. 69-90. Several texts from the Talmudic period discuss such a scenario:
Rabbi Simon ha-Timni acknowledges the fact that if one cohabited with his wife while she was Niddah , although such relations are punishable by the Karet , The Karet is generally understood in the Jewish tradition to be a premature death, by “the Hands of Heaven.” See BT Moed-Katan 28a; PT Bikkurim 2.1 (64c); Semahot 3, 8. See also Jonah ben Abraham
their founding and the nature of the Jewish contexts of which they were a part, (2) their courses and programmes, and (3) the fundamental inspiration behind them.
Both schools closed prematurely, but for different reasons. And both enjoyed a new life in North America, exercising a joint influence on a figure who, in the last decades of the nineteenth century, was one of the promoters of the conservative movement within Judaism. I am referring to Sabato Morais, who, though from Livorno, had ties with the Jewish community of Padua and was familiar with Central-European
The Positive-Historical trend in German Judaism located itself between modern Orthodoxy, as symbolized most prominently by Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch, and Reform or Liberal Judaism, as represented especially by Rabbi Abraham Geiger. Its central position and unclear boundaries gave it the advantage of drawing adherents from a broad spectrum of religious Jews, but also attracted attacks from both sides. Both in Europe and in America, it emerged as a revolt against the Reform movement in which it had participated up to a point. In Germany, the establishment of
had its own popular newspaper and journal, but it had no union of communities or organization of rabbis.
On November 10, 1938, immediately after Kristallnacht , the Nazis closed the seminary. The end of the positive-historical Judaism in Germany arrived. The movement did not have a direct successor in another country, although Conservative Judaism in the United States shares common values and goals with it. Several teachers, rabbis, and graduates of the Breslau school have already made Aliyah to the land of Israel, but they did not act as a group and did not try